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Kimberley Mine, Kimberley, Francis Baard District, Northern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Kimberley MineMine
Kimberley- not defined -
Francis Baard DistrictDistrict
Northern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° 44' 20'' South , 24° 45' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -28.73889,24.75861
GeoHash:G#: kdcse2hxv
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kimberley142,089 (2012)0.8km
Barkly West11,621 (2012)32.4km
Ritchie9,960 (2014)36.5km


The pipe was discovered in 1871 and rapidly mined out. The mine was closed in 1914, due to increasing mining costs at depth while the quantity of remaining ore was very small.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apophyllite'
Reference: Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Specimen # 198 in the McGregor Museum, donated by De Beers to the museum.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
Diamond var: Stewartite (of Sutton)
Formula: C
Reference: J. H. Sutton, 1911. Nature, London, vol. lxxxvii, p. 550
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.; Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
var: Stewartite (of Sutton)1.CB.10aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
Diamond
var: Stewartite (of Sutton)
-C
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C Diamond (var: Stewartite (of Sutton))C
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3308871

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2238599
Karoo Dolerite Suite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Karoo Dolerite Suite

Description: Network of dolerite sills, sheets and dykes, mainly intrusive into the Karoo Supergroup

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3189153
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Karoo Supergroup

Comments: Karoo Basin

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Some Aspects of the Mineralogy and Petrology of Ultramafic Xenoliths in Kimberlite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.


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