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Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 0° 45' 24'' South , 60° 6' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -0.75694,-60.10556
GeoHash:G#: 6xv78q0qr
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Af : Tropical rainforest climate

The name Pitinga mine is commonly refering to a mining complex that includes alluvial deposits (exploited since the 1980s, now exhausted (2012), greisens associated with the Água Boa granite (a biotite granite) and the Madeira Nb-Ta-Sn deposit.

Coarse-grained porphyritic albite granite intruding paleoproterozoic acid volcanic and pyroclastic rocks.

Three major facies are known in the granite:
- Rapakivi granite

- Biotite granite

- Coarsed-grained porphyritic albite granite.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

38 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.


Mineralization age: Paleoproterozoic : 1885 ± 4 Ma to 1782 ± 4.6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
ⓘ Mica Group1782 ± 4.6 MaMadeira pluton, Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)1794 ± 19 MaMadeira pluton, Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)1885 ± 4 MaMadeira pluton, Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Statherian - Orosirian
1600 - 2050 Ma

ID: 2282341
Madeira Suíte intrusiva

Age: Paleoproterozoic (1600 - 2050 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous

Reference: Geological Survey of Brazil. State Geological Maps of Brazil. CPRM - Geobank. [43]

1600 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3187065
Paleoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Horbe, M. A., Horbe, A. C., Costi, H. T., & Teixeira, J. T. (1991). Geochemical characteristics of cryolite-tin-bearing granites from the Pitinga mine, northwestern Brazil—a review. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40(1), 227-249.
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(2):238-241, (2000).
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences. USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Lenharo, S. L. R., Pollard, P. J., & Born, H. (2003). Petrology and textural evolution of granites associated with tin and rare-metals mineralization at the Pitinga mine, Amazonas, Brazil. Lithos, 66(1), 37-61.
Costi, H. T., Dall’Agnol, R., Pichavant, M., & Rämö, O. T. (2009). The peralkaline tin-mineralized madeira cryolite albite-rich granite of Pitinga, Amazonian craton, brazil: petrography, mineralogy and crystallization processes. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(6), 1301-1327.

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