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Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 48' 0'' South , 31° 2' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -25.80000,31.05000
GeoHash:G#: keqj4x3bj
Other regions containing this locality:Transvaal, South Africa
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


Some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth (greater than 3.6 Ga) are located in the Barberton greenstone belt of the Swaziland–Barberton areas and these contain some of the oldest traces of life on earth.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Albite

Anglesite

Ankerite

Antimony

Arsenopyrite

Azurite

Berthierite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Bismuth

Bonaccordite (TL)

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Breithauptite

Bunsenite

Calcite

Cerussite

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Chromite

Chrysotile

Cinnabar

'Clinochrysotile'

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite

Cochromite (TL)

Copper

Corundum

Covellite

Cubanite

Digenite

Dolomite

'Electrum'

Enargite

Famatinite

Franklinite

Galena

Gaspéite

Gersdorffite

Godlevskite

Goethite

Gold

Graphite

Greigite

Heazlewoodite

Hematite

'Hornblende'

Ilmenite

Jamesonite

Kotulskite

Lepidocrocite

Liebenbergite (TL)

Linnaeite

Lizardite

Löllingite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Maldonite

Marcasite

Maucherite

'Melnikovite'

Millerite

Molybdenite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Sericite

Népouite

'Nichromite'

Nickel

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Nimite (TL)

Opal

'Parachrysotile'

Pecoraite

Pentlandite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Aventurine

Reevesite

Ruthenium

Rutile

Safflorite

Scheelite

Sillimanite

Silver

Skutterudite

Sobolevskite

Sperrylite

Sphalerite

'Stibiconite'

Stibnite

Stichtite

'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)

Talc

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

'Tourmaline'

Tredouxite

Tremolite

Trevorite (TL)

Ullmannite

'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'

'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'

'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'

'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'

'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'

Valleriite

Violarite

Willemseite (TL)


97 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 2231451
Onverwacht Group of Barberton Supergroup

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Onverwacht Group

Description: Ultramafic to felsic lavas, pyroclastic rocks

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Mesoarchean - Paleoarchean
2800 - 3600 Ma



ID: 3187538
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2800 - 3600 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoarchean
3200 - 3600 Ma



ID: 3311889

Age: Paleoarchean (3200 - 3600 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic-sedimentary and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hall, A.L., (1918). The geology of the Barberton gold mining district. Geological Survey of South Africa, Memoir 9, Pretoria, 324 pp.
Hall, A.L., (1917). Note on a remarkable occurrence of chromium tourmaline and rutile from the Barberton district. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 20, 51-52.
De Villiers, J.E., (1957). The mineralogy of the Barberton gold deposits. Geological Survey of South Africa. Bulletin 24, 60 pp.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1966). Supergene gold enrichment in the Barberton Mountain Land with particular reference to the Lily Mine. Information Circular, Economic Geology Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 29, 16 pp.
Schweigart, H. and Liebenberg, W. R., (1966). Mineralogy and chemical behaviour of some refractory gold ores from the Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa. Report of the National Institute of Metallurgists, Johannesburg, 8, 97 pp.
Hiemstra, S.A. and de Waal, S.A., (1968). Nickel minerals from Barberton - III. Willemseite, a nickelian talc. National Institute of Metallurgy (South Africa), Research Report 352, 11-14.
De Waal, S.A., (1969). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: I Ferroan trevorite. American Mineralogist, 54, 1204-1208.
De Waal, S.A., (1970a). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: II Nimite, a nickel rich chlorite. American Mineralogist, 55, 18-30.
De Waal, S.A., (1970b). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: III Willemseite, a nickel rich talc. American Mineralogist, 55, 31-42.
Viljoen, R.P. and Viljoen, M.J., (1970). The geology and geochemistry of the layered ultramafic bodies of the Kaapmuiden area, Barberton Mountain Land. Geological Society of South Africa, Special Publication 1, 661-688.
De Waal, S.A., (1972). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: V Trevorite, redescribed. American Mineralogist, 57, 1524-1527.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1972). The geology of the Jamestown Hills area of the Barberton Mountainland, South Africa. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 75, 225-263.
Liebenberg, W.R., (1972). Gold in the Barberton Mountain Land. In: Adamson, R. J., Gold Metallurgy in South Africa. Chamber of Mines of South Africa, Johannesburg, 389-426.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1976). The geology of the Sheba Hills area of the Barberton Mountain Land with particular reference to Eureka Syncline. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 79, 253-280.
Heinrichs, T.K. and Reimer, T.O., (1977). A sedimentary barite deposit from the Archean Fig Tree Group of the Barberton Mountain Land (South Africa). Economic Geology, 72, 1426-1441.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1986). The Lily gold mine, Barberton greenstone belt: geology, mineralogy, and supergene gold enrichment. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 187-196.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1986). Archaean gold mineralization in the Barberton Mountain Land. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 113-154.
Laubscher, D.H., (1986). The New Amianthus chrysotile asbestos deposit, Kaapsehoop, Barberton greenstone belt. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, 421-426.
Viljoen, M.J., Muff, R. and Paizes, P., (1986). The Amo antimony deposit, Barberton greenstone belt. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa Vols I & II. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 349-358.
Anhaeusser, C. R. (2012). The history of mining in the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa, with an emphasis on gold (1868–2012). Economic Geology Research Institute, School of Geosciences. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

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