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Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Barberton- not defined -
Ehlanzeni DistrictDistrict
MpumalangaProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Lock Map
View of the Barberton gold mining area, ca. 1906.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, in 1904.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, ca. 1906.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, ca. 1906.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, in 1904.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, ca. 1906.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, ca. 1906.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
View of the Barberton gold mining area, in 1904.

Barberton, Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 48' 0'' South , 31° 2' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -25.80000,31.05000
GeoHash:G#: keqj4x3bj
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Barberton67,927 (2012)1.3km
Bulembu2,260 (2013)20.3km
Piggs Peak5,750 (2017)26.6km
Nelspruit110,159 (2013)37.0km
Darkton1,281 (2012)48.2km


Some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth (greater than 3.6 Ga) are located in the Barberton greenstone belt of the Swaziland–Barberton areas and these contain some of the oldest traces of life on earth.

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Transvaal, South AfricaProvince (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

104 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.; Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Main ore mineral and also found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Bonaccordite (TL)
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Trans.Geol.Soc.S.Afr.(1974) 77, 373; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p25]
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 21:275.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cochromite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 65 (1980), 811; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'Hornblende'
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Liebenbergite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Main ore mineral.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Mica Group'
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
'Nichromite'
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Nimite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 1739; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
'Parachrysotile'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.; Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Am Min 26 (1941), 295
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Description: Main ore mineral also found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Tredouxite
Formula: NiSb2O6
Reference: Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F., Miller, D.E., Garuti, G. (2017): Tredouxite, IMA 2017-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Trevorite (TL)
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 57 (1972), 1524; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 20; Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'
Formula: Ni3Sb
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'
Formula: Ni5(Sb,As)2
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'
Formula: Ni7(Sb,As)3
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'
Formula: Ni11(Sb,As)8
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'
Formula: Ni3As
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Willemseite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Nat.Inst.Met.(S.A.)Res.Rep.(1968) 352, 1-14; Am Min 55 (1970), 31; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cochromite (TL)4.BB.05(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Nichromite'4.BB.05(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Trevorite (TL)4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (TL)5.DA.45Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Bonaccordite (TL)6.AB.30Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Liebenbergite (TL)9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nimite (TL)9.EC.55(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Willemseite (TL)9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Parachrysotile'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite-NiSb2O6
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'-Ni3Sb
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'-Ni5(Sb,As)2
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'-Ni7(Sb,As)3
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'-Ni11(Sb,As)8
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'-Ni3As

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cochromite (TL)7.2.3.5(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Nichromite'7.2.3.4(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Trevorite (TL)7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.2Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Bonaccordite (TL)24.2.1.4Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Liebenbergite (TL)51.3.1.3(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Willemseite (TL)71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Nimite (TL)71.4.1.5(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Parachrysotile'-
Quartz
var: Aventurine
-SiO2
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite-NiSb2O6
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'-Ni3Sb
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'-Ni5(Sb,As)2
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'-Ni7(Sb,As)3
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'-Ni11(Sb,As)8
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'-Ni3As

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
H StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BBoron
B BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
O Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
O WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
O StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O BunseniteNiO
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O CerussitePbCO3
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O CorundumAl2O3
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
O Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TredouxiteNiSb2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Si WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GalenaPbS
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Cr Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Cr StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
NiNickel
Ni BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Ni Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Ni Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Ni Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Ni WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni BunseniteNiO
Ni GaspéiteNi(CO3)
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni NickelNi
Ni Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)Ni3Sb
Ni Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)Ni5(Sb,As)2
Ni Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)Ni7(Sb,As)3
Ni Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)Ni11(Sb,As)8
Ni Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)Ni3As
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni TredouxiteNiSb2O6
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As NickelineNiAs
As SperrylitePtAs2
As Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)Ni5(Sb,As)2
As Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)Ni7(Sb,As)3
As Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)Ni11(Sb,As)8
As Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)Ni3As
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
PdPalladium
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)Ni3Sb
Sb Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)Ni5(Sb,As)2
Sb Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)Ni7(Sb,As)3
Sb Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)Ni11(Sb,As)8
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb TredouxiteNiSb2O6
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 2231451
Onverwacht Group of Barberton Supergroup

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Onverwacht Group

Description: Ultramafic to felsic lavas, pyroclastic rocks

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Mesoarchean - Paleoarchean
2800 - 3600 Ma



ID: 3187538
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2800 - 3600 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoarchean
3200 - 3600 Ma



ID: 3311889

Age: Paleoarchean (3200 - 3600 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic-sedimentary and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hall, A.L., (1918). The geology of the Barberton gold mining district. Geological Survey of South Africa, Memoir 9, Pretoria, 324 pp.
Hall, A.L., (1917). Note on a remarkable occurrence of chromium tourmaline and rutile from the Barberton district. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 20, 51-52.
De Villiers, J.E., (1957). The mineralogy of the Barberton gold deposits. Geological Survey of South Africa. Bulletin 24, 60 pp.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1966). Supergene gold enrichment in the Barberton Mountain Land with particular reference to the Lily Mine. Information Circular, Economic Geology Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 29, 16 pp.
Schweigart, H. and Liebenberg, W. R., (1966). Mineralogy and chemical behaviour of some refractory gold ores from the Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa. Report of the National Institute of Metallurgists, Johannesburg, 8, 97 pp.
Hiemstra, S.A. and de Waal, S.A., (1968). Nickel minerals from Barberton - III. Willemseite, a nickelian talc. National Institute of Metallurgy (South Africa), Research Report 352, 11-14.
De Waal, S.A., (1969). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: I Ferroan trevorite. American Mineralogist, 54, 1204-1208.
De Waal, S.A., (1970a). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: II Nimite, a nickel rich chlorite. American Mineralogist, 55, 18-30.
De Waal, S.A., (1970b). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: III Willemseite, a nickel rich talc. American Mineralogist, 55, 31-42.
Viljoen, R.P. and Viljoen, M.J., (1970). The geology and geochemistry of the layered ultramafic bodies of the Kaapmuiden area, Barberton Mountain Land. Geological Society of South Africa, Special Publication 1, 661-688.
De Waal, S.A., (1972). Nickel minerals from Barberton, South Africa: V Trevorite, redescribed. American Mineralogist, 57, 1524-1527.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1972). The geology of the Jamestown Hills area of the Barberton Mountainland, South Africa. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 75, 225-263.
Liebenberg, W.R., (1972). Gold in the Barberton Mountain Land. In: Adamson, R. J., Gold Metallurgy in South Africa. Chamber of Mines of South Africa, Johannesburg, 389-426.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1976). The geology of the Sheba Hills area of the Barberton Mountain Land with particular reference to Eureka Syncline. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 79, 253-280.
Heinrichs, T.K. and Reimer, T.O., (1977). A sedimentary barite deposit from the Archean Fig Tree Group of the Barberton Mountain Land (South Africa). Economic Geology, 72, 1426-1441.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1986). The Lily gold mine, Barberton greenstone belt: geology, mineralogy, and supergene gold enrichment. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 187-196.
Anhaeusser, C.R., (1986). Archaean gold mineralization in the Barberton Mountain Land. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 113-154.
Laubscher, D.H., (1986). The New Amianthus chrysotile asbestos deposit, Kaapsehoop, Barberton greenstone belt. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, 421-426.
Viljoen, M.J., Muff, R. and Paizes, P., (1986). The Amo antimony deposit, Barberton greenstone belt. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa Vols I & II. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 349-358.
Anhaeusser, C. R. (2012). The history of mining in the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa, with an emphasis on gold (1868–2012). Economic Geology Research Institute, School of Geosciences. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

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