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Pillistfer meteorite, Pillistfer (Pilistvere), Vohma, Viljandi Co., Estonia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 40' 0'' North , 25° 43' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.66667,25.73333
GeoHash:G#: ud6m9xfqn
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:EL6 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:EL6
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Enstatite Chondrite [EL6; S2] Fall of August 8, 1863.
First Recorded Enstatite Chondrite Fall
23.25kg; Largest EL chondrite fall

Just after noon on 8 August 1863, the Pillistfer meteorite fell with loud sounds near Pillistfer. 4 stones with a mass of ~23 kg were recovered. As an Enstatite Chondrite it marked by its overall sub-solar Mg/Si ratios, near terrestrial oxygen-isotope ratios, and highly reduced mineral assemblages (including Enstatite and other minor Silicates with very low FeO). The low-iron (EL) chemical group is also distinguished by moderately large chondrules, abundant metal (~10 vol%), and an extremely reduced mineralogy containing ferroan alabandite. As an EL6, like most EL chondrites, Pillistfer's chondrites have been homogenized with low-Ca pyroxene converted to orthopyroxene and its feldspars coarsened. No melting of chondrules has occurred.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,744 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Plagioclase is Albite-rich (An14)
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Easton, A. J. (1986). Studies Of Kamacite, Perryite And Schreibersite In E‐Chondrites And Aubrites. Meteoritics, 21(1), 79-93.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Easton, A. J. (1986). Studies Of Kamacite, Perryite And Schreibersite In E‐Chondrites And Aubrites. Meteoritics, 21(1), 79-93.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Klaus Keil & Christian A. Andersen (1965) Occurrences of Sinoite, Si2N2O, in Meteorites. Nature 207, 745 (14 August 1965); Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Sphalerite with Kamacite and Troilite
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Daubréelite'2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'-
Iron-Fe
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C GraphiteC
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
N SinoiteSi2N2O
OOxygen
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O SinoiteSi2N2O
O TridymiteSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si SinoiteSi2N2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Carboniferous
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3188404
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Silurian
427.4 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3162652
Early Silurian limestone

Age: Silurian (427.4 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{marl,dolomite/dolostone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA.
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

External Links



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