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Kärdla impact crater, Hiiumaa Island, Hiiumaa county, Estoniai
Regional Level Types
Kärdla impact craterCrater
Hiiumaa IslandIsland
Hiiumaa countyCounty
EstoniaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 1' North , 22° 46' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kärdla3,763 (2017)2.3km
Lõpe166 (2017)6.8km
Lauka173 (2017)14.6km
Suuremõisa316 (2017)19.3km
Putkaste120 (2017)20.1km


4 km diameter structure formed in a shallow Ordovician sea ~455 Ma ago.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 449–457, March 2002; Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 449–457, March 2002; Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Gaškov, M. (2016). Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Puura, V., Suuroja, K. (1992) Ordovician impact crater at Kärdla, Hiiumaa Island, Estonia. Tectonophysics, 216(1-2), 143-156.
Versh, E., Kirsimäe, K., Joeleht, A., Plado, J. (2005) Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Gaškov, M. (2016) Tsonaalne sfaleriit Kärdla sulfiidse mineralisatsiooni ilmingutes (Doctoral dissertation, Tartu Ülikool).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A4rdla_crater
Wikidata ID:Q3737900

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