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Estonia

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Area:45,339 km2
Locality type:Country


The country of Estonia is dominated by sedimentary rocks of the Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician periods. While predominantly limestones, sandstones, dolostones, and marls are interspersed within the dominant boundaries. These strata are underlain by Cambrian clay-, silt-, and sandstones, the Mesoproterozoic rapakivi granite and porphyrite, and finally, the Paleoproterozoic complex of metamorphosed schist, gneiss and amphiboles. The primary economic mineral resource in Estonia is the kukersite oil shale of the middle Ordovician period (Kukruse and Uhaku members). This complex shale contains hydrocarbons, sulphides, and sporadic mineralization in the form of calcite, quartz, dolomite, and pyrite crystals, as well as trace amounts of aluminum, potassium, uranium, calcium, titanium, magnesium, and a series of rare earth elements (REE).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

38 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Apatite'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Dolostone'
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'L4 chondrite meteorite'
'Limestone'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
'commodity:Oil Shale'
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Phosphorite'
'Plessite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Apatite'-
Chlorite Group-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Dolostone-
EL6 chondrite meteorite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Glass-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
L4 chondrite meteorite-
Limestone-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Phosphorite-
Plessite-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Dolostone'-
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'L4 chondrite meteorite'-
'Limestone'-
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phosphorite'-
'Plessite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
N SinoiteSi2N2O
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SideriteFeCO3
O SinoiteSi2N2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O TridymiteSiO2
O WüstiteFeO
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SinoiteSi2N2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti OsborniteTiN
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe WüstiteFeO
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

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