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Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.
Latitude & Longitude: 58° North , 25° East (est.)
Area:45,339 km2
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Name(s) in local language(s):Eesti (Eesti Vabariik)

The country of Estonia is dominated by sedimentary rocks of the Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician periods. While predominantly limestones, sandstones, dolostones, and marls are interspersed within the dominant boundaries. These strata are underlain by Cambrian clay-, silt-, and sandstones, the Mesoproterozoic rapakivi granite and porphyrite, and finally, the Paleoproterozoic complex of metamorphosed schist, gneiss and amphiboles. The primary economic mineral resource in Estonia is the kukersite oil shale of the middle Ordovician period (Kukruse and Uhaku members). This complex shale contains hydrocarbons, sulphides, and sporadic mineralization in the form of calcite, quartz, dolomite, and pyrite crystals, as well as trace amounts of aluminum, potassium, uranium, calcium, titanium, magnesium, and a series of rare earth elements (REE).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

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