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Estoniai
Regional Level Types
EstoniaCountry

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Key
06706970015540234034875.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
01301770015540234048327.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
06608050015540234046612.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
06321030015539680948618.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
00908020015539680951450.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
07843170015539676057240.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
06706970015540234034875.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
01301770015540234048327.jpg
Ida-Viru underground oil shale mining scene, in 1938.

Ida-Viru Co., Estonia
Area:
45,339 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Tallinn394,024 (2018)
Tartu101,092 (2017)
Narva66,980 (2017)
Kohtla-Järve46,060 (2017)
Pärnu44,192 (2018)
Viljandi20,309 (2016)
Other Languages:
Estonian:
Eesti
French:
Estonie
German:
Estland
Italian:
Estonia
Russian:
Эстония
Simplified Chinese:
爱沙尼亚
Spanish:
Estonia
Achinese:
Èstonia
Adyghe:
Эстоние
Afrikaans:
Estland
Akan:
Ɛstonia
Albanian:
Estonia
Alemannic:
Estland
Amharic:
ኤስቶኒያ
Anglo-Saxon:
Estland
Arabic:
إستونيا
Aragonese:
Estonia
Aramaic:
ܐܣܛܘܢܝܐ
Armenian:
Էստոնիա
Aromanian:
Estonia
Asturian:
Estonia
Avaric:
Эстония
Azeri:
Estoniya
Bambara:
Estonia
Bashkir:
Эстония
Basque:
Estonia
Bavarian:
Estland
Belarusian:
Эстонія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Эстонія
Bengali:
এস্তোনিয়া
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
এস্তোনিয়া
Bislama:
Estonia
Bosnian:
Estonija
Breton:
Estonia
Bulgarian:
Естония
Burmese:
အက်စ်တိုးနီးယားနိုင်ငံ
Catalan:
Estònia
Cebuano:
Estonia
Central Bikol:
Estonya
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ئەستۆنیا
Chamorro:
Estonia
Chavacano:
Estonia
Chechen:
Эстони
Cherokee:
ᎡᏍᏙᏂᏱ
Chewa:
Estonia
Church Slavic:
Єсть
Chuvash:
Эстони
Classical Chinese:
愛沙尼亞
Cornish:
Estoni
Corsican:
Estonia
Crimean Tatar (Latin):
Estoniya
Croatian:
Estonija
Czech:
Estonsko
Danish:
Estland
Doteli:
इस्टोनिया
Dutch:
Estland
Dutch Low Saxon:
Estlaand
Dzongkha:
ཨིསི་ཊོ་ནི་ཡ།
Egyptian Arabic:
استونيا
Emilian-Romagnol:
Estògna
Erzya:
Эстэнь Мастор
Esperanto:
Estonio
Ewe:
Estonia
Extremaduran:
Estónia
Faroese:
Estland
Farsi/Persian:
استونی
Fiji Hindi:
Estonia
Finnish:
Viro
Franco-Provençal:
Èstonie
Friulian:
Estonie
Fula:
Estoniya
Gagauz:
Estoniya
Galician:
Estonia
Georgian:
ესტონეთი
Greek:
Εσθονία
Greenlandic:
Estlandi
Guarani:
Etoña
Gujarati:
ઈસ્ટોનિયા
Haitian:
Estoni
Hakka:
Estonia
Hausa:
Istoniya
Hawaiian:
ʻEsetonia
Hebrew:
אסטוניה
Hill Mari:
Эстони
Hindi:
एस्टोनिया
Hungarian:
Észtország
Icelandic:
Eistland
Ido:
Estonia
Igbo:
Estoniya
Iloko:
Estonia
Indonesian:
Estonia
Interlingua:
Estonia
Interlingue:
Estonia
Irish Gaelic:
An Eastóin
Jamaican Patois:
Estuonia
Japanese:
エストニア
Javanese:
Estonia
Judaeo-Spanish:
Estonia
Kabardian:
Эстониэ
Kabiye:
Ɛsɩtoonii
Kabyle:
Isṭuni
Kalmyk:
Эстдин Орн
Kannada:
ಎಸ್ಟೊನಿಯ
Kapampangan:
Estonya
Karachay-Balkar:
Эстония
Karakalpak:
Estoniya
Kashmiri:
ایسٹونِیا
Kashubian:
Estoniô
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Эстония
Khmer:
អេស្តូនី
Kikuyu:
Estonia
Kinyarwanda:
Esitoniya
Komi:
Эстония
Komi-Permyak:
Эстму
Kongo:
Estoni
Konkani:
एस्टोनिया
Korean:
에스토니아
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Estonya
Kyrgyz:
Эстония
Lao:
ເອສໂຕເນຍ
Latgalian:
Igauneja
Latin:
Estonia
Latvian:
Igaunija
Lezghian:
Эстония
Ligurian:
Estònia
Limburgian:
Esland
Lingala:
Estonia
Lingua Franca Nova:
Esti
Lithuanian:
Estija
Livvi-Karelian:
Estounii
Lojban:
estis
Lombard:
Estonia
Low Saxon/Low German:
Eestland
Lower Sorbian:
Estniska
Luganda:
Estonia
Luri:
استونی
Luxembourgish:
Estland
Macedonian:
Естонија
Maithili:
इस्टोनिया
Malagasy:
Estonia
Malay:
Estonia
Malayalam:
എസ്റ്റോണിയ
Maltese:
Estonja
Manx:
Yn Estaan
Maori:
Etonia
Marathi:
एस्टोनिया
Mazanderani:
استونی
Meadow Mari:
Эстоний
Min Dong Chinese:
Estonia
Mingrelian:
ესტონეთი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Eesti
Mirandese:
Stónia
Moksha:
Эсти мастор
Mongolian:
Эстон
Nahuatl:
Estonia
Narom:
Estonnie
Nauruan:
Etoniya
Navajo:
Ééstii Bikéyah
Neapolitan:
Estonia
Nepali:
इस्टोनिया
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
इस्टोनिया
Norfolk:
Estonya
Northern Frisian:
Estlönj
Northern Sami:
Estteeana
Norwegian:
Estland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Estland
Novial:
Estonia
Occitan:
Estònia
Odia:
ଏଷ୍ଟୋନିଆ
Ossetian:
Эстони
Pali:
एस्टोनिया
Pangasinan:
Estoniya
Papiamento:
Estonia
Pashto:
اېسټونيا
Pennsylvania German:
Eschdooni
Picard:
Éstonie
Piedmontese:
Estònia
Polish:
Estonia
Pontic Greek:
Εσθονία
Portuguese:
Estónia
Punjabi:
ਏਸਟੋਨੀਆ
Quechua:
Istunya
Ripuarian:
Äßland
Romanian:
Estonia
Romansh:
Estonia
Rundi:
Esitoniya
Russia Buriat:
Эстон
Rusyn:
Естонія
Samoan:
Esitonia
Samogitian:
Estėjė
Sango:
Estonïi
Sanskrit:
एस्टोनिया
Sardinian:
Estònia
Saterland Frisian:
Estlound
Scots:
Estonie
Scottish Gaelic:
Eastòinia
Serbian:
Естонија
Serbo-Croatian:
Estonija
Sesotho:
Estonia
Shona:
Estonia
Sicilian:
Estonia
Silesian:
Estůńijo
Sindhi:
اسٽونيا
Sinhalese:
එස්ටෝනියා
Slovak:
Estónsko
Slovenian:
Estonija
Somali:
Estoniya
South Azerbaijani:
ایستونی
Sranan Tongo:
Estlenikondre
Sundanese:
Éstonia
Swahili:
Estonia
Swati:
IWestoniya
Swedish:
Estland
Tagalog:
Estonia
Tahitian:
Etoni
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Эстония
Tamil:
எசுத்தோனியா
Tarantino:
Estonie
Tatar:
Эстония
Telugu:
ఎస్టోనియా
Tetum:
Estónia
Thai:
เอสโตเนีย
Tibetan (Standard):
ཨིསུ་ཊོ་ནིཡ།
Tigrinya:
ኤስቶኒያ
Tok Pisin:
Estonia
Tongan:
ʻEsitōnia
Traditional Chinese:
愛沙尼亞
Tsonga:
Estonia
Tumbuka:
Estonia
Turkish:
Estonya
Turkmen:
Estoniýa
Twi:
Estonia
Udmurt:
Эстония
Ukrainian:
Естонія
Upper Sorbian:
Estiska
Urdu:
استونیا
Uyghur:
ئېستونىيە
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Estoniya
Venetian:
Estonia
Veps:
Estinma
Vietnamese:
Estonia
Vlax Romani:
Estoniya
Volapük:
Lestiyän
Võro:
Eesti
Waray:
Estonya
Welsh:
Estonia
West Flemish:
Estland
West Frisian:
Estlân
Western Punjabi:
اسٹونیا
Wolof:
Estooni
Wu Chinese:
爱沙尼亚
Yakut:
Эстония
Yiddish:
עסטלאנד
Yoruba:
Estóníà
Zazaki:
Estonya
Zeelandic:
Estland
Zhuang:
Estonia
Zulu:
I-Estoniya


The country of Estonia is dominated by sedimentary rocks of the Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician periods. While predominantly limestones, sandstones, dolostones, and marls are interspersed within the dominant boundaries. These strata are underlain by Cambrian clay-, silt-, and sandstones, the Mesoproterozoic rapakivi granite and porphyrite, and finally, the Paleoproterozoic complex of metamorphosed schist, gneiss and amphiboles.

The primary economic mineral resource in Estonia is the kukersite oil shale of the middle Ordovician period (Kukruse and Uhaku members). This complex shale contains hydrocarbons, sulphides, and sporadic mineralization in the form of calcite, quartz, dolomite, and pyrite crystals, as well as trace amounts of aluminum, potassium, uranium, calcium, titanium, magnesium, and a series of rare earth elements (REE).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Environmental Geology November 1999, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1-19
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Gaškov, M., Sepp, H., Pani, T., Paiste, P., & Kirsimäe, K. (2017). Barite mineralization in Kalana speleothems, Central Estonia: Sr, S and O isotope characterization. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 66(3), 130.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 449–457, March 2002; Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Mason, B. & Wiik, H.B. (1965) The Composition of the Forest City, Tennasilm, Weston, and Geidam meteorites. American Museum Novitates 2220. 20 pages.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Polysynthetically twinned and Ca-poor clinopyroxene
Reference: Mason, B. & Wiik, H.B. (1965) The Composition of the Forest City, Tennasilm, Weston, and Geidam meteorites. American Museum Novitates 2220. 20 pages.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Grady, M.M (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Marini, F., Raukas, A., & Tiirmaa, R. (2004). Magnetic fines from the Kaali impact-site (Holocene, Estonia): Preliminary SEM investigation. Geochemical Journal, 38(2), 107-120.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Mason, B. & Wiik, H.B. (1965) The Composition of the Forest City, Tennasilm, Weston, and Geidam meteorites. American Museum Novitates 2220. 20 pages.; Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.ronomical Society A 368 (1922): 3059-3065. (June 2010).
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Glass'
Description: Glass spherules are dispersed within both chromite and troilite grains (Ramdohr, 1967).
Reference: Bennett, M.E. & McSween Jr, H.Y. (1996) Shock feature in iron-nickel metal and troilite of L-group ordinary chondrites Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(2): 255-26. (March 1996).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Environmental Geology November 1999, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1-19; http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-2644
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mason, B. & Wiik, H.B. (1965) The Composition of the Forest City, Tennasilm, Weston, and Geidam meteorites. American Museum Novitates 2220. 20 pages.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Environmental Geology November 1999, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1-19; http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-2644
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005; Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 3–19, January 2005
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Marini, F., Raukas, A., & Tiirmaa, R. (2004). Magnetic fines from the Kaali impact-site (Holocene, Estonia): Preliminary SEM investigation. Geochemical Journal, 38(2), 107-120.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: de Chazal, S., Crozaz, G. & Zinner, E. (1985) Uranium, Plutonium, and REE in Ordinary Chondrites (Abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XVI: 169-170.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-2644
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Versh, E., KIRSIMÄE, K., Joeleht, A., & PLADO, J. (2005). Cooling of the Kärdla impact crater: I. The mineral paragenetic sequence observation. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(1), 3-19.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mason, B. & Wiik, H.B. (1965) The Composition of the Forest City, Tennasilm, Weston, and Geidam meteorites. American Museum Novitates 2220. 20 pages.; Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.ronomical Society A 368 (1922): 3059-3065. (June 2010).
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Bennett, M.E. & McSween Jr, H.Y. (1996) Shock feature in iron-nickel metal and troilite of L-group ordinary chondrites Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(2): 255-26. (March 1996).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kleesment, A., Shogenova, A., & Shogenov, K. (2007). Unusual features of the middle Devonian Narva formation covering the oil shale bearing rocks in Estonia. Oil Shale, 24(3), 434.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Kleesment, A., Shogenova, A., & Shogenov, K. (2007). Unusual features of the middle Devonian Narva formation covering the oil shale bearing rocks in Estonia. Oil Shale, 24(3), 434.
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Klaus Keil & Christian A. Andersen (1965) Occurrences of Sinoite, Si2N2O, in Meteorites. Nature 207, 745 (14 August 1965); Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Environmental Geology November 1999, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1-19
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Marini, F., Raukas, A., & Tiirmaa, R. (2004). Magnetic fines from the Kaali impact-site (Holocene, Estonia): Preliminary SEM investigation. Geochemical Journal, 38(2), 107-120.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kleesment, A., Shogenova, A., & Shogenov, K. (2007). Unusual features of the middle Devonian Narva formation covering the oil shale bearing rocks in Estonia. Oil Shale, 24(3), 434.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
NNitrogen
N SinoiteSi2N2O
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SinoiteSi2N2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O TridymiteSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O WüstiteFeO
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SinoiteSi2N2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
SSulfur
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe IronFe
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia
Wikidata ID:Q191
GeoNames ID:453733

External Links

http://www.kirj.ee/public/oilshale/Est-OS.htm [Estonian Oil Shale]

https://www.egt.ee/en [Geological Survey of Estonia]

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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