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Pack Rat Mine, Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain), Jacumba, Jacumba Mining District, Jacumba Mts, San Diego County, California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Pack Rat MineMine
Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain)Mountain
Jacumba- not defined -
Jacumba Mining DistrictMining District
Jacumba MtsMountain Range
San Diego CountyCounty
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 43' 2'' North , 116° 13' 50'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Boulevard315 (2011)7.2km
Jacumba Hot Springs561 (2014)11.7km
Ejido Jacumé290 (2013)14.5km
Jardines del Rincón220 (2013)16.7km
Ocotillo266 (2011)22.2km


Granite pegmatite located 7.2 km (4.5 miles) NE of Boulevard; 9.1 km (5.6 miles) WSW of Dos Cabezas; and, 11.7 km (7.3 miles) NNW of Jacumba.

Summary:

Several 10- to 20-foot-thick granite pegmatite dikes trend north 6 degrees west, dip 65 degrees west, and extend as far as one-half mile in schist and quartzite. Pegmatite pockets contain microcline, green muscovite, black tourmaline (schorl), columbite/tantalite, gem-grade beryl (goshenite and aquamarine), fluorapatite, spessartite, and quartz. Most pockets are filled with montmorillonite clay and range in size from a few inches to several feet.

Workings & Production:

Eight open cuts. According to the claimant in 1986, several specimens of aquamarine and garnet have been sold.

Sample Data:

One random chip sample of green mica contained 6.1 percent potassium, 0.15 percent fluorine, 0.00069 percent beryllium, 0.028 percent lithium, 0.016 percent magnesium, and 0.055 percent manganese. Pockets within the pegmatite were observed to contain several indicator minerals of gem-bearing zones.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Todd, V. R. et al. 1987. Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Todd, V. R. et al. 1987. Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Todd, V. R. et al. 1987. Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Description: No data.
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: various added photos
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Todd, V. R. et al. 1987. Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Journal of Pegmatology v. 1, no. 1. (2002)
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Journal of Pegmatology v. 1, no. 1. (2002)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Todd, V. R. et al. 1987. Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
AXO4
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
LiLithium
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
OOxygen
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O CassiteriteSnO2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Todd, V. R. et al. (1987). Mineral Resources of the Sawtooth Mountains and Carrizo Gorge/ Eastern McCain Valley Wilderness Study Areas, San Diego County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1711-B, 26 p., maps.
Fisher, Jesse (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86: 14-34.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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