Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Transvaal, South Africai
Regional Level Types
TransvaalProvince (Former)
South AfricaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Locality type:Province (Former)
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Johannesburg2,026,469 (2015)
Soweto1,695,047 (2012)
Pretoria1,619,438 (2016)
Benoni605,344 (2012)
Tembisa511,655 (2012)
Vereeniging474,681 (2012)
Museums in region:


An old provincial name in South Africa. The old Transvaal Province now consists of a portion of North West Province, plus Gauteng, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo Provinces.

Note the boundaries shown are for the Transvaal/South African Republic as of around 1885.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

633 valid minerals. 28 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997) "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997).; Handbook of Mineralogy.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997);
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Anzaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Reference: Giebel, R.J., Gauert, C.D.K., Marks, M.A.W., Costin, G. and Markl, G. (2017): Multi-stage formation of REE minerals in the Palabora Carbonatite Complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist 102, 1218-1233.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (2005)
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Description: Determined in carbonatitic ores, in sulfide flotation concentrate
Reference: Nikolay Rudashevsky et al (2001) Efficient Technology of Ore Minerals Investigation of PGE-Bearing Deposits – Case Study in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: MCDONALD I., HOLWELL D.A. & ARMITAGE P.E.B. (2005). Geochemistry and mineralogy of the Platreef and ìCritical Zoneî cumulates of the Northern limb of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa: implications for Bushveld stratigraphy and the development of PGE mineralization. Miner. Deposita, 40, 526-549.
Arsenbrackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Atheneite
Formula: Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Atokite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Min 13 (1975), 146
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Guenther, C., & Gauert, C. (2012), September. Mineral characterization of the metallurgically detrimental talc-carbonate-pyrite schist in ultramafic rocks of the Nkomati Ni-Cu-PGE (-Co-Cr) Mine, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. In European Mineralogical Conference (pp. 2-6).
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Hokutolite
Formula: (Ba,Pb)SO4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Belovite-(Ce)
Formula: NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 49.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Peach pink to rose pink morganite has been found in pegmatites on this farm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 49.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Bonaccordite (TL)
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Trans.Geol.Soc.S.Afr.(1974) 77, 373; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p25]
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
'Brewsterite'
Description: Recorded from amygdales.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 191 pp.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cassedanneite
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: Horst Windisch (2007) South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rick Turner
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
'Chabazite'
Reference: [Gliddon, J. P. and Braithwaite, R. S. (1991) - Zeolites and associated minerals from the Palabora mine, Transvaal (Afrique du Sud), Mineralogical Record, 22 (4), 255-262.]; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: Sabine MC. Verryn & Paul MPB Meulenbe(e)ld (2000) A new locality for Chapmanite (Sb(OH)Fe2(SiO4)2) at a lead-silver-zinc deposit near Argent Station, Mpumalanga, South Africa. N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 2000(2):85-90. Stuttgart.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Malcolm Southwood (2002) Arsenical Ramblings. British Micromount society Newsletter 61:2-9
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Cairncross & Dixon (1995) 138-140.
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chromatite
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Reference: http://www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clairite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Survey S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34; Daltry, V.D.C., (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Excalibur Minerals photo ID 140072
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cochromite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 65 (1980), 811; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 79 pg
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cooperite (TL)
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: ourn.Chem.Metall.Mining Soc.S.Africa,(1928) 28, 281-283
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 146 pg
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: [Gliddon, J. P. and Braithwaite, R. S. (1991) - Zeolites and associated minerals from the Palabora mine, Transvaal (Afrique du Sud), Mineralogical Record, 22 (4), 255-262.]; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Doyleite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Description: Occurs as a yellow powder associated with mercury and cinnabar
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 52; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa;
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Embreyite
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Emplectite ?
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 204;
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 204.; Reeks, G. (1996) The Kruisrivier Cobalt Mine - Transvaal (South Africa). Mineralogical Record, 27(6), 417-428.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series var: Hortonolite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Harmer, R. E. (1999). The petrogenetic association of carbonatite and alkaline magmatism: constraints from the Spitskop Complex, South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 40(4), 525-548.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004); Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Ferrohögbomite-6N12S'
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Revised nomenclature of högbomite, nigerite, and taaffeite minerals.- Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fiedlerite
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Florencite-(Nd)
Formula: NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Colour: White
Description: Found in foskorite rocks of the Phalaborwa complex as white mats grown in parallel alignment, associated with Iowaite and Magnetite.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 206.; Braithwaite, R. S. W., Dunn, P. J., Pritchard, R. G., & Parr, W. H. (1994). Iowaite, a reinvestigation. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(390), 77-86.; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
'Fluocerite'
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Fluorstrophite
Formula: SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
Genkinite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977) 15, 389-392; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Geversite (TL)
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 32, 833-847; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 137 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rick Turner collection
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Habit: Hemimorphic sometimes hexagonal
Colour: Yellow-orange
Description: First reported occurrence for South Africa. Associated with galena, sphalerite, goethite, baryte, anglesite and quartz.
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Transvaal Jade
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: More commonly known as Hibschite or Grossular.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95pp.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Grunerite var: Amosite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Gwihabaite
Formula: (NH4,K)NO3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 212 pp.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
Haycockite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Fe5S8
Reference: Cabri, L.J. & Hall, S.R. (1972) Mooihoekite and haycockite, two new copper-iron sulfides and their relationship to chalcopyrite and talnakhite. American Mineralogist 57, 689-708; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1973) The crystal structure of haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8. American Mineralogist, 58, 1110 abstract????; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1975) Haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8: a superstructure in the chalcopyrite series. Acta crystallographica B31, 2105-2112; Daltry, V.D.C., (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
'Hellandite'
Hellyerite
Formula: NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hemihedrite
Formula: Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Description: reference specifically refers to the manganese deposit.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 214; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Hollingworthite (TL)
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: AM 50 (1965), 1068; HB1 (1990); Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Sitnikova, M., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., Cabri, L. J., ... & Gast, L. (2008). Combination of novel mineralogical methods in the study of noble metal ores–focus on pristine (Bushveld, Great Dyke) and placer platinum mineralisation. In Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM (pp. 187-194).
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Annal.Geol.Survey S.Africa,(1980) 14, no. 2, 1-110; Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
'Hydrophlogopite'
Reference: SCHOEMAN, J.J., 1989. Mica and vermiculite in South Africa. J. S. At,. Inst. Min. Metal/., vol. 89, no. 1., pp. 1-12.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Hypercinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Insizwaite
Formula: Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Iowaite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Braithwaite, R. S. W., Dunn, P. J., Pritchard, R. G., & Parr, W. H. (1994). Iowaite, a reinvestigation. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(390), 77-86.; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Irarsite (TL)
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Isomertieite var: Fengluanite
Formula: Pd3(As,Sb)
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Description: Determined in carbonatitic ores, in sulfide flotation concentrate
Reference: Nikolay Rudashevsky et al (2001) Efficient Technology of Ore Minerals Investigation of PGE-Bearing Deposits – Case Study in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: dark-green
Description: First reported find of this mineral in South Africa
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (2008) Kamphaugite-(Y) from the Goudini carbonatite, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1007-1022.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004); Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
'K Feldspar'
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Description: Slag mineral
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Letovicite
Formula: (NH4)3H(SO4)2
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liebenbergite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Lindackerite Group'
Formula: MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lonecreekite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Description: Ca/Nb-loparite-(Ce).
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Loparite-(Ce) var: Nioboloparite
Formula: (Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Lópezite
Formula: K2Cr2O7
Reference: www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Lucasite-(Ce) ?
Formula: CeTi2(O,OH)6
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2004). Ecandrewsite–zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite, Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(4), 1169-1178.
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Description: All ludlockite micromount specimens were self collected by Wolf Windisch and sent to Hans Borner for analyse (private communication to Debbie Woolf, April 2016).
Reference: Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection;
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)
Formula: [(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majakite
Formula: PdNiAs
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Gomersall, S. (2013) Witkop Fluorspar Mine, Marico district, North West Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 39 (1)
'Manganomelane'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1923) The Meteoric Iron of Karee Kloof, and the Meteoric Stones of Leeuwfontein and Sinai Peninsula: Mineralogical Magazine 20 (103): 134-139. (Dec 1923).
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mbobomkulite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1980) 14, n2, 1-110; Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Menshikovite
Formula: Pd3Ni2As3
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merenskyite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/merenskyite.pdf Cairncross, B. (2002). Merenskyite, type-mineral from the Bushveld Complex. Rocks & Minerals – Special Issue on “Minerals of Africa”, Vol. 77, 48-50.
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Metavariscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Miassite
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Hammond, N. Q. & Moore, J. M. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 483-503.
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Modderite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Fe)As
Reference: Chem.Metall.Min.Soc.S.Africa,(1924) 24, 265
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mooihoekite (TL)
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Amer.Min.(1972) 57, 689-708
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Munirite
Formula: NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Habit: radiating, fibrous aggregates of pearly crystals
Colour: cream-white
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W. (1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
'Nichromite'
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nickel
Formula: Ni
'Nickelalumite'
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1980) 14, n2, 1-110;Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Nimite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 1739; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Niobophyllite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Nitromagnesite
Formula: Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Onoratoite
Formula: Sb8Cl2O11
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wolfgang R. Windisch personal list.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
'Orthochrysotile'
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:679-691
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Otwayite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Palladobismutharsenide
Formula: Pd2(As,Bi)
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Palladosilicide
Formula: Pd2Si
Reference: Cabri, L.J., McDonald, A.M., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Poirier, G., Wilhelmij, H.R., Zhe, W., Rudashevsky, V.N. (2015) Palladosilicide, Pd2Si, a new mineral from the Kapalagulu Intrusion, Western Tanzania and the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, Mineralogical Magazine, 79 , 295–307
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Papagoite
Formula: CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
'Parachrysotile'
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Parakeldyshite
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Kaukonen, R. J., & Alapieti, T. T. (2001). The occurrence of Pb–Cl–(OH) and Pt–Sn–S compounds in the Merensky reef, Bushveld layered complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(5), 1397-1403.
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Petersite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Wilson, M. G. C., Henry, G., & Marshall, T. R. (2006). A review of the alluvial diamond industry and the gravels of the North West Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 109(3), 301-314.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Meulenbeld collection
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Platarsite (TL)
Formula: PtAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977): 15, 385-388.; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
'Platinum-Group Elements'
Reference: Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbopalladinite
Formula: Pd3Pb2
Polarite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Pb)
Reference: Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Sokolov S.V. (2010) On portlandite from carbonatite complexes. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Pyrrhotite-6C'
Formula: Fe11S12
Reference: De Villiers, J.P.R. & Liles, D.C. (2010): The crystal-structure and vacancy distribution in 6C pyrrhotite. American Mineralogist 95, 148-152.
'Pyrrhotite Group'
Reference: Cairncross photo ID 728883
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 126 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Ametrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: (Error for yellow iron-stained amethyst; not true ametrine.)
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Complex. Tetragonal.
Colour: White.
Description: Milky quartz from weathered vein in rhyolite.
Reference: Paul Meulenbeld collection
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Colour: bright red
Description: Found in association with orpiment.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 237;
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Retzian-(Ce)
Formula: Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Rhodarsenide
Formula: (Rh,Pd)2As
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Rhodium
Formula: (Rh,Pt)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodochrosite var: Capillitite
Formula: (Mn,Zn,Fe)CO3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 110 pg
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: MIYANO, T. and. BEUKES, J. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology of the Contact Metamorphosed Amphibole Asbestos-bearing Penge Iron Formation, Eastern Transvaal, South Africa.- Journal of Petrology, Vol. 38 , n° 5, pp 651–676.
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: MIYANO, T. and. BEUKES, J. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology of the Contact Metamorphosed Amphibole Asbestos-bearing Penge Iron Formation, Eastern Transvaal, South Africa.- Journal of Petrology, Vol. 38 , n° 5, pp 651–676.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Rustenburgite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Min 13 (1975), 146
Rustenburgite var: Cuprian Rustenburgite
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Ruthenarsenite
Formula: (Ru,Ni)As
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Sabieite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997);
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sasaite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 401-404
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Schertelite
Formula: (NH4)2MgH2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., (2004), Field Guide to Rocks & Minerals of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Mg-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: PMPB Meulenbeld collection
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Description: Determined in carbonatitic ores, in sulfide flotation concentrate.
Reference: Nikolay Rudashevsky et al (2001) Efficient Technology of Ore Minerals Investigation of PGE-Bearing Deposits – Case Study in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Scoon, R. N., & Eales, H. V. (2002). Unusual Fe-Ti-Cr spinels from discordant bodies of iron-rich ultramafic pegmatite at the Amandelbult Platinum mine, northwestern Bushveld Complex. Mineralogical Magazine, 66(6), 857-879.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Stannopalladinite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Siegers, A. & Lange, S.P. (1991): The Hoogenoeg mine in NE Transvaal/RSA - a producer of high grade andalusite.- Erzmetall, 44, Nr.7-8, pages 384 - 391.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: PMPB Meulenbeld collection photo ID 888961
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stibiopalladinite (TL)
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cabri, L. J. & Chen, T.T. (1976) : Stibiopalladinite from the type locality. American Mineralogist. 61, 1249-1254
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Am Min 26 (1941), 295
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: [Gliddon, J. P. and Braithwaite, R. S. (1991) - Zeolites and associated minerals from the Palabora mine, Transvaal (Afrique du Sud), Mineralogical Record, 22 (4), 255-262.]; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stillwaterite
Formula: Pd8As3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Strontium-Apatite'
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Stumpflite (TL)
Formula: Pt(Sb,Bi)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1972) 95, 610-613; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
'Synchysite'
Reference: Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:27-43
Synchysite-(Nd)
Formula: CaNd(CO3)2F
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 110 pg
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Taimyrite
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 79 pg
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Taseqite
Formula: Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Tatyanaite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Reference: Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
'Testibiopalladite'
Formula: PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: [Gliddon, J. P. and Braithwaite, R. S. (1991) - Zeolites and associated minerals from the Palabora mine, Transvaal (Afrique du Sud), Mineralogical Record, 22 (4), 255-262.]; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Reference: Heinrich, E. (1970) The Palabora Carbonatitic Complex - a Unique Copper Deposit. Can Mineral 10:585-598; Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Titanomaghemite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+(Fe3+,Ti4+,Fe2+,◻)2O4
Type Locality:
Description: Studied specimen is from this locality.
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 153-160; Mineralogical Magazine 53 (1989), 299
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Tredouxite
Formula: NiSb2O6
Reference: Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F., Miller, D.E., Garuti, G. (2017): Tredouxite, IMA 2017-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Trevorite (TL)
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Am Min 57 (1972), 1524; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 20; Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tučekite
Formula: Ni9Sb2S8
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb,As)
Reference: Tarkian, M., Stumpfl, E.F., (1974): (Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb), a new mineral. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh.: 5l4-517; in: Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1975): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 739
'UM1975-07-As:PdSn'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)2.2(As,Sn)
Reference: Gasparrini, E. (1975): Mertieite and an unnamed compound of palladium with arsenic and tin in a mineral intergrowth from the Atok Mine. National Institute for Metallurgy Report No. 1726; in: Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Hogarth, D.D., Pabst, A. (1979): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 64: 1333
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'
Formula: (Rh,Ir)SbS
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'
Formula: Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Rosenzweig, A., Pinch, W.W. (1977): Platinum-group mineral from Onverwacht; I, Pt-Fe-Cu-Ni alloys. Can. Mineral.: 15: 380-384
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Formula: Au3Cu
Description: Associated with maldonite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'
Formula: (Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'
Formula: (Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)'
Formula: (NH4)2(S2O3)
Reference: Stracher, G.B., Finkelman, R.B., Hower, J.C., Pone, J.D.N., Prakash, A., Blake, D.R., Schroeder, P.A., Emsbo-Mattingly, S.D., and O'Keefe, J.M.K. (2009): Natural and anthropogenic coal fires. In: Umran Dogan, A., and Cutler, J. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Cleveland (Washington, D.C.)
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'
Formula: Ni3Sb
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'
Formula: Ni5(Sb,As)2
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'
Formula: Ni7(Sb,As)3
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'
Formula: Ni11(Sb,As)8
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'
Formula: Ni3As
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Vanadium ?
Formula: V
Reference: http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vasilite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vincentite
Formula: Pd3As
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
'Wad'
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 76 Issue 1-2 (2002) pp 1-19; Hammond, A. L., & Mitchell, R. H. (2002). Accessory mineralogy of orangeite from Swartruggens, South Africa. Mineralogy and Petrology, 76(1-2), 1-19.
Weloganite ?
Formula: Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: R. Liferovich -L. Horváth p.c. 2004
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Willemseite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Nat.Inst.Met.(S.A.)Res.Rep.(1968) 352, 1-14; Am Min 55 (1970), 31; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Armitage, Paul Edward Blake (2011) Development of the Platreef in the northern limb of the Bushveld Complex at Sandsloot, Mokopane District, South Africa. Diss. University of Greenwich.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Zaccariniite
Formula: RhNiAs
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Ewing, R. C., Haaker, R. F., Headley, T. J., & Hlava, P. F. (1981, January). Zirconolites from Sri Lanka, South Africa and Brazil. In MRS Proceedings (Vol. 6, p. 249). Cambridge University Press.
Zirconolite var: Niobozirconolite
Formula: CaZr(Ti,Nb)2O7
Reference: No reference listed
Zircophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Atokite (TL)1.AG.10(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Ferroan Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Fe)
Plumbopalladinite1.AG.25Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Rhodium1.AF.10(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite (TL)1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
var: Cuprian Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Stannopalladinite1.AG.25(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Taimyrite1.AG.15(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Tatyanaite1.AG.15(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.AA.05Au3Cu
Vanadium ?1.AE.V
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Atheneite2.AC.05aPd2As0.75Hg0.25
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite (TL)2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite ?2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Genkinite (TL)2.AC.35a(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite (TL)2.EB.05aPtSb2
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Haycockite (TL)2.CB.10bCu4Fe5S8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite (TL)2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Hypercinnabar2.CD.15bHgS
Insizwaite2.EB.05aPt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite (TL)2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
var: Fengluanite2.AC.15aPd3(As,Sb)
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Majakite2.AC.25ePdNiAs
Malanite2.DA.05Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Menshikovite2.AC.20cPd3Ni2As3
Merenskyite (TL)2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Miassite2.BC.05Rh17S15
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Modderite (TL)2.CC.15(Co,Fe)As
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Mooihoekite (TL)2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Palladobismutharsenide2.AC.25fPd2(As,Bi)
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite (TL)2.EB.25PtAsS
Polarite2.AC.40Pd(Bi,Pb)
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rhodarsenide2.AC.25b(Rh,Pd)2As
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Ruthenarsenite2.CC.15(Ru,Ni)As
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibiopalladinite (TL)2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stillwaterite2.AC.10aPd8As3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stumpflite (TL)2.CC.05Pt(Sb,Bi)
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Testibiopalladite'2.EB.25PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tučekite2.BB.10Ni9Sb2S8
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vasilite2.BC.25(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Vincentite2.AC.05bPd3As
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Eglestonite3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Fiedlerite3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Onoratoite3.DC.80Sb8Cl2O11
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Cochromite (TL)4.BB.05(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Doyleite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Ecandrewsite4.CB.05(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
'Ferrohögbomite-6N12S'4.CB.20[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Iowaite4.FL.05Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Koechlinite4.DE.15Bi2MoO6
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
var: Nioboloparite4.CC.35(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Lucasite-(Ce) ?4.DH.10CeTi2(O,OH)6
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)4.CB.20[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Munirite4.HD.15NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
'Nichromite'4.BB.05(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ametrine ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Titanomaghemite (TL)4.BB.15Fe3+(Fe3+,Ti4+,Fe2+,◻)2O4
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Trevorite (TL)4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
var: Niobozirconolite4.DH.30CaZr(Ti,Nb)2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Glaukosphaerite5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Gwihabaite5.NA.15(NH4,K)NO3
Hellyerite5.CA.20NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)5.ND.15(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mbobomkulite (TL)5.ND.10(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Nitromagnesite5.NC.05Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Otwayite5.DA.15Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
var: Capillitite5.AB.05(Mn,Zn,Fe)CO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (TL)5.DA.45Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Nd)5.BD.20cCaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Weloganite ?5.CC.05Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 6 - Borates
Bonaccordite (TL)6.AB.30Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Argentojarosite7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Hokutolite7.AD.35(Ba,Pb)SO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cassedanneite7.FC.20Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chromatite7.FA.10CaCr6+O4
Clairite (TL)7.DF.55(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Embreyite7.FC.20Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hemihedrite7.FC.15Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Letovicite7.AD.20(NH4)3H(SO4)2
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lonecreekite (TL)7.CC.20(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Lópezite7.FD.05K2Cr2O7
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Nickelalumite'7.DD.75(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Sabieite (TL)7.AC.20(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ardealite8.CJ.50Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Arsenbrackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Belovite-(Ce)8.BN.05NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Evansite8.DF.10Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Florencite-(Nd)8.BL.13NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorstrophite8.BN.05SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Goudeyite8.DL.15AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavariscite8.CD.05AlPO4 · 2H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minyulite8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Natropharmacosiderite8.DK.10(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Petersite-(Y)8.DL.15(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Retzian-(Ce)8.BM.05Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sasaite (TL)8.DB.55(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Schertelite8.CH.30(NH4)2MgH2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ajoite9.EA.70(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminocerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bafertisite9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismutoferrite9.ED.25Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)9.AG.20(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinoferrosilite9.DA.10Fe2+SiO3
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
var: Transvaal Jade9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Amosite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hejtmanite9.BE.55Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Liebenbergite (TL)9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nimite (TL)9.EC.55(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Niobophyllite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Papagoite9.CE.05CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Parakeldyshite9.BC.10Na2ZrSi2O7
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pennantite9.EC.55Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taseqite9.CO.10Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Willemseite (TL)9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zircophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anzaite-(Ce)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'var: Manganophyllite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Brewsterite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'var: Hortonolite'-from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Glauconite-(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hellandite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrophlogopite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lindackerite Group'-MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Manganomelane'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthochrysotile'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Palladosilicide-Pd2Si
'Parachrysotile'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Platinum-Group Elements'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Pyrrhotite Group'-
'Pyrrhotite-6C'-Fe11S12
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Strontium-Apatite'-
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite-NiSb2O6
'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'-(Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb,As)
'UM1975-07-As:PdSn'-(Pd,Pt)2.2(As,Sn)
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'-(Rh,Ir)SbS
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'-Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'-(Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'-(Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
'Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)'-(NH4)2(S2O3)
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'-Ni3Sb
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'-Ni5(Sb,As)2
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'-Ni7(Sb,As)3
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'-Ni11(Sb,As)8
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'-Ni3As
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Zaccariniite-RhNiAs
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.1.2.4Au3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Atokite (TL)1.2.5.3(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Cabriite1.2.11.Pd2CuSn
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Niggliite1.2.10.1PtSn
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Paolovite1.2.6.1Pd2Sn
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Plumbopalladinite1.2.11.1Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Rhodium1.2.1.3(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite (TL)1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Stannopalladinite1.2.9.1(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Taimyrite1.2.10.1(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Tatyanaite1.2.10.2(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Atheneite2.2.4.1Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
Vincentite2.2.5.1Pd3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
Stibiopalladinite (TL)2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Majakite2.4.16.1PdNiAs
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
Palladobismutharsenide2.4.15.1Pd2(As,Bi)
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Genkinite (TL)2.6.4.1(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Temagamite2.6.5.1Pd3HgTe3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Cherepanovite2.8.17.2RhAs
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Cooperite (TL)2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Hypercinnabar2.8.8.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Polarite2.8.6.1Pd(Bi,Pb)
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Ruthenarsenite2.8.17.1(Ru,Ni)As
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Haycockite (TL)2.9.8.2Cu4Fe5S8
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Mooihoekite (TL)2.9.8.3Cu9Fe9S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Malanite2.10.1.17Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite (TL)2.12.1.14PtSb2
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Hollingworthite (TL)2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Insizwaite2.12.1.15Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite (TL)2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Maslovite2.12.3.12PtBiTe
Merenskyite (TL)2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Platarsite (TL)2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
'Testibiopalladite'2.12.3.13PdTe(Sb,Te)
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Arsenopalladinite2.16.5.1Pd8(As,Sb)3
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-I2.16.1.1Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Stillwaterite2.16.4.1Pd8As3
Vasilite2.16.22.1(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Tučekite3.2.5.5Ni9Sb2S8
3 <ø < 4
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Emplectite ?3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ecandrewsite4.3.5.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Doyleite6.3.4.1Al(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Iowaite6.4.5.1Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Cochromite (TL)7.2.3.5(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
'Nichromite'7.2.3.4(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite (TL)7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB3X7
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Lucasite-(Ce) ?8.3.5.1CeTi2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Antarcticite9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Am(O,OH)pXq
Eglestonite10.5.4.1(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Onoratoite10.5.7.1Sb8Cl2O11
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Hellyerite15.1.7.1NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Weloganite ?15.3.4.4Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Nd)16a.1.3.3CaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Glaukosphaerite16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Otwayite16b.3.2.1Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Zaratite16b.4.1.1Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.2Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Nitromagnesite18.2.3.1Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)19.1.4.2(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Mbobomkulite (TL)19.1.4.1(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Bonaccordite (TL)24.2.1.4Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Letovicite28.1.3.1(NH4)3H(SO4)2
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Sabieite (TL)28.3.5.1(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Lonecreekite (TL)29.5.5.4(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
'Nickelalumite'31.3.1.2(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Clairite (TL)31.10.8.1(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
A2X2O7
Lópezite35.2.1.1K2Cr2O7
AXO4
Chromatite35.3.2.1CaCr6+O4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 36 - COMPOUND CHROMATES
Miscellaneous
Hemihedrite36.1.1.2Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Miscellaneous
Schertelite39.3.2.1(NH4)2MgH2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Arsenbrackebuschite40.2.8.2Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Metavariscite40.4.3.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Retzian-(Ce)41.3.4.1Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Nd)41.5.10.4NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Belovite-(Ce)41.8.1.6NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorstrophite41.8.1.7SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Evansite42.1.2.1Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Goudeyite42.5.1.3AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Petersite-(Y)42.5.2.1(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Natropharmacosiderite42.8.1.2(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Ceruleite42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Acid Compound Phosphates, etc·
Ardealite43.1.1.1Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Hydrated Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Cassedanneite43.3.2.2Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Embreyite43.3.2.1Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Sasaite (TL)43.5.4.1(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Ludlockite45.1.14.1PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Trippkeite45.1.5.1Cu2+As3+2O4
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Normal Anhydrous Vanadium Oxysalts
Munirite47.1.3.1NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
A2XO4
Koechlinite48.2.2.1Bi2MoO6
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Liebenbergite (TL)51.3.1.3(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Parakeldyshite55.2.2.3Na2ZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Bafertisite56.2.6b.1Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Hejtmanite56.2.6b.2Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)58.2.2.2Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Papagoite60.1.4.1CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Taseqite64.1.8. Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[Cl2|(Si3O9)2|(Si9O27)2SiO] · 3(O,OH,H2O)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoferrosilite65.1.1.2Fe2+SiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Niobophyllite69.1.1.4(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Zircophyllite69.1.1.5K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Bismutoferrite71.1.3.1Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Glauconite71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Willemseite (TL)71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Nimite (TL)71.4.1.5(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Pennantite71.4.1.8Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Stronalsite76.1.6.2Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Brewsterite'77.1.7.1
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Ajoite78.5.1.1(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Aluminocerite-(Ce)-(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anzaite-(Ce)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
Baryte
var: Hokutolite
-(Ba,Pb)SO4
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)