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Morro do Felipe mine, Vitória do Jari, Amapá, Brazil

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 0° 53' 30'' South , 52° 22' 53'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -0.89194,-52.38139
GeoHash:G#: 6zffbj9h1
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Am : Tropical monsoon climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Morro do Felipe, Vitória do Jari


Extensive kaolin deposits have formed along the east side of the Rio Jari, which empties into the Amazon River and forms the border between Amapá and Pará states. These deposits have been developed into what may be (or has been) the largest single kaolin mine in the world, as measured by product tonnage (Kogel et al., 2006, p. 388). This is the Morro do Felipe Mine (Montes et al., 2002). This deposit formed by intensive lateritic weathering of kaolinitic clay sediments alternating with sandy sedimentary beds (Montes et al., 2002). Mining and processing work is carried out by Caulim da Amazônia, S.A.(Cadam).

The Morro do Felipe Mine lies near the extreme northwestern point in Vitória do Jari Municipality, so an outline of the municipality does not adequately show the setting of this locality. Manguba is the nearest significant town, and is where the kaolinitic ore is processed. Manguba, however, is located across the Rio Jari in the state of Pará. Geographic coordinates should be used to specify the mine’s locality. Both the mine and processing plant in Manguba are clearly visible on satellite photos. Amapá was once part of Pará, but became a separate territory in 1943, and a state in 1991.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: High quality kaolinite suitable for use in the paper industry.
Reference: Mineraluim Deposita (1998) 33: 283-297
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Gibbsite'4.FE.10Al(OH)3
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
OOxygen
O AnataseTiO2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
AlAluminium
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tertiary - Cretaceous
2.588 - 145 Ma



ID: 3189421
Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (2.588 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Costa, M. L. da, and Moraes, E. L. (1998). Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of kaolins from the Amazon region. 33:283-297.
Kogel, J. E., Trivedi, N. C., Barker, J. M., and Krukowski, S. T., eds. (2006). Industrial Minerals & Rocks: Commodities, Markets, and Uses. Littleton, Colorado. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 7th Ed. Kaolin: 393-400.
Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Minerals: 50 (4), 494-503.
Kogel, J. E., Trivedi, N. C., Barker, J. M., and Krukowski, S. T., eds. (2006). Industrial Minerals & Rocks: Commodities, Markets, and Uses, 7th Ed. Littleton, Colorado. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration. Kaolin chapter: 393-400.
Montes, C. R., Melfi, A. J., Carvalho, A., Vieira-Coelho, A. C., and Formoso, M. L. L. (2002). Genesis, mineralogy and geochemistry of kaolin deposits of the Jari River, Amapá State, Brazil. Clays and Clay Mineals: 50(4), 494-503.


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