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Lena Cu-mine, Wilków, Gmina Złotoryja, Złotoryja County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Polandi
Regional Level Types
Lena Cu-mineMine (Inactive)
WilkówVillage
Gmina ZłotoryjaGmina
Złotoryja CountyCounty
Lower Silesian VoivodeshipVoivodeship
PolandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
51° 5' 16'' North , 15° 57' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2019
Deposit first discovered:
Before 1860
Age:
272.3 ± 0.5 to 252.17 ± 0.06 Ma
Geologic Time:
Reference for age:
Wyzykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozlowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Slaska, Wroclaw
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Wilków2,000 (2010)2.7km
Złotoryja16,612 (2010)5.3km
Krotoszyce569 (2010)8.6km
Winnica341 (2010)8.9km
Męcinka747 (2010)9.3km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
„Stilles Glück” Grube - Wolfsdorf/Haasel; ZG Lena w Wilkowie


Cu/Ag-mine in Zechstein limestone/marl sediments as a part of so called “Old Copper Basin” mines, operated between years 1860-1973.

The first more accurate mentions of copper extraction in the area of Wilków (Wolfsdord)- Leszczyna (Haasel) - Prusice (Prausnitz) date from the 18th century. In the old limestone quarry on the southern slopes of the hill Duzy Mlynik 303m (Mühlleiterberge - later known as Gross Mühlberg), there was an adit called 'Characterstolle', from which malachite was extracted. In 1860, the construction of the mine “Stilles Glück” in Haasel (today Leszczyna) began, that fully operated from 1863. Next to the mine there was also a mill and plant for production of so called 'copper stone'. The mine had three drainage adits and one operating adit, each of them reached length up to 40 m. In the peak period, about 100 miners worked there. The drop in copper prices and, consequently, the unprofitability of mining, led in 1883 to the end of excavation and the mine was shut down. In the twenties of the XX century, thanks to the development of the mining technique and the flotation process used to increase the copper amount in the semi-product (the content of the Cu increased several times), exploitation of poor deposits started to be profitable again. In the 1930s, there was a change in the economic policy of the Third Reich, one of the main tasks was to prepare the country for upcoming war. Between 1933-1935 in the vicinity of Leszczyna a series of twenty boreholles was drilled with a depth of 480 m and 21 shafts with a depth of 3.5 to 15 m The company "Berg- und Hütten A. G." (BUHAG) started intensive exploitation works on the 6 existing mining fields:
- Daniel,
- Haasel,
- Grünspan I,
- Grünspan IV,
- Gotthardt
- Hinderniss
and in 1936 BUHAG decided to build a new mine and an enrichment plant, which was located in its vicinity. The main shareholders of the BUHAG company was Die Bergwerksgesellschaft Georg von Giesches Erben and the Nazi Third Reich (Reichswirtschaftsministerium). The first copper ore was excavated in 1939, and in the same year proceeded to deepen the only existing mine shaft "Hegewaldschacht", reached a depth of 217m in 1942. In the years 1939-1945
the mine employed about 350-400 people and operated in a two-shift system. Due to the technologic process, until 1945 huge flotation wastes reservoir was created, north from the mine. In the first months of 1945 year due to the approaching troops of the Red Army, some of the machines were dismantled and transported to Germany, and the shaft was sunk. After the end of World War II, the Russians took away the remaining and undamaged German machines deep into the USSR. Production began again in the middle of 1950, and the mine received a new name: Zakłady Górnicze "Lena" in Wilków. During the exploitation period in the years 1950-1973, the mine extracted 14 468 129 tons of ore with a content of 0.55% Cu, which gives 76 529 tons of copper. The largest annual mine production in 1965 amounted to 724 398 tons of ore.

Note: see also Nowy Kościół Cu-mine

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fechner H. A. 1903 - Geschichte des Schlesischen Berg- und Hüttenwesens in der Zeit Friedrich des Grossen, Friedrich Wilhelm II. und Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1741-1806; P.420 (405-407)
Piątek E., Piątek Z. 2000.- Zarys dziejów zakładu górniczego Lena w Wilkowie. Eksploatacja złoża rudy miedzi, wzbogacenie urobku, gospodarka odpadami. Maszynopis w zbiorach Centrum Edukacji Ekologicznej i Krajoznawstwa Salamandra w Myśliborzu.
Serkies J., Oberc J., Idzikowski A. 1967 - The geochemical bearings of the genesis of Zechstein copper deposits in southwest Poland as exemplified by the studies on the Zechstein of the Leszczyna syncline. Chemical Geology Vol. 2, P. 217-232
Oberc J. 1972 - Budowa geologiczna Polski, t. IV Tektonika, cz. 2 Sudety i obszary przyległe, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa
Wyżykowski J. 1979 - Rudy miedzi in Dziedzic K., Kozłowski S., Majerowicz A., Rawicki L.: Surowce mineralne Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław
Rybicka K. 2016 - Kopalnia rudy miedzi w Wilkowie od powstania do 1945 roku; Hereditas Minariorum Vol. 3 ; 193--198
Stolarczyk T. 2012 - Wyniki badań archeologicznych nad problematyką dawnego górnictwa i hutnictwa miedzi na terenie Pogórza Kaczawskiego oraz Gór Kaczawskich i Rudaw Janowickich, Szkice Legnickie, t. XXXIII, Legnica P. 207-238

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Czech Republic/Germany/Poland
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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