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Hidra (Hitterø), Flekkefjord, Vest-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Hidra (Hitterø)- not defined -
Flekkefjord- not defined -
Vest-Agder- not defined -
NorwayCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 12' 41'' North , 6° 34' 56'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Flekkefjord5,615 (2016)10.5km
Vestbygd1,083 (2013)12.4km
Vanse1,953 (2013)14.2km
Feda396 (2013)15.1km
Farsund3,151 (2010)18.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Hidra, Flekkefjord kommune, Vest-Agder fylke, Norge


Hidra (formerly Hitterö) is an island on the southwestern coast of Norway. On the eastern part of the island, around the small Rasvåg bay, several granite pegmatite dikes has been quarried for feldspar. Quarrying started around 1870, and ended around 1906-1910. One eexception is the Iglettjødn quarry which was quarried until around 1930.

Xenotime-(Y) (Berzelius, 1824, under the name Phosporsyrad Ytterjord, Beudant 1832 under the name Xenotime), Kainosite-(Y) (Nordenskiöld, 1886), Polycrase-(Y) (Scheerer, 1844) and Aeschynite-(Y) (Brögger, 1906, under the name blomstrandine), were first described from pegmatites in this area. The pegmatites are also especially known for having produced large crystals of Gadolinite-(Y).

There is also a two pyroxene-bearing granulite containing ferrosilite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion
North SeaSea

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

25 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abhurite
Formula: Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Description: Found on corroded tin ingots. Antropogenic formed materiale.
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); Griffin, W. L., Nilsen, B. & Jensen, B, B (1977): Mineralogiske undersøkelser av tinntallerkener fra Hidra-vraket. Norsk Sjøfartsmuseums Årsberetning 1976, 111-114
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Aeschynite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Platy after {010}, with the dominant form {010}, {130}, {001}. Forms also observed: {110}, {120}, {111}, {101}, [001}
Colour: Brownish black, metamict with thin brownish alteration
Description: Brøgger (1879) gave a crystallographic description of a black mineral from Urstad without chemical analysis. He thought it to be identical with aeschynite (From Miask, which later was named aeschynite-(Ce)). In Brøgger (1906) the mineral were described in detail, and gave it the name Blomstrandine. He states on p. 104 the that aeschynite from Miask is a Cerium-Aeschynit and that the blomstrandine from Hitterö was a "Yttrium-Aeschynit". A part of a crystal weighing 3kg and chunks up to 20 kg has been noted.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1879): Untersuchungen norwegischer Mineralien I. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie 3, 471-487 (+ plates XI-XIII); Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6: 97- 104; Adamson (1942); Clark (1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition")
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: ANDERSEN, O. (1931): Feltspat II. Forekomster i fylkene Buskerud og Telemark, i flere herreder i Aust-Agder og i Hidra i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Nr 128b, p1-109
'Alkali Feldspar'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6, 162p + plates i-viii
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Schetelig, J. (1922): Kainosit. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11 : 124-127
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Description: Brøgger (1906) p.59 mentions a crystal of 2 cm from Hidra (Hitterö)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6, 162p + plates i-viii
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Description: As thin inclusions in plaets of abhurite Antropogenic formed materiale.
Reference: Griffin W. L., Nilsen, B. & Jensen, B, B (1977): Mineralogiske undersøkelser av tinntallerkener fra Hidra-vraket. Norsk Sjøfartsmuseums Årsberetning 1976, 111-114
'Davidite'
Description: Identified from an old specimen in the mineral collection at Natural History Museum, Oslo
Reference: H. N. & B.N.(1962): Nytt funn av daviditt. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 8; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 67
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6, p.95; Dana System of Mineralogy, 7th Edition, pages 787-791
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'
Reference: Ashley Anderson photo & specimen
'Feldspar Group'
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Deer, W. A., Howie, R. A., and Zussman, J., 1963, Rock-Forming Minerals, v 2 Chain Silicates, p 21.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Kainosite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. Kainosit, et nytt mineral från Hitterö i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8, 143-146
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Description: As tiny inclusions in blades of abhurite
Reference: Griffin, W. L., Nilsen, B. & Jensen, B, B (1977): Mineralogiske undersøkelser av tinntallerkener fra Hidra-vraket. Norsk Sjøfartsmuseums Årsberetning 1976, 111-114
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 695.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Habit: subhedral
Description: 5 cm long, metamict subhedral crystals. Identified by heating and XRD at NHM, Oslo
Reference: Berg, H.-J. (2000): News and rumors 2000. Stein 27 (2), 18
Polycrase-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: The mineral occurs in long ruler-like crystals.
Reference: Scheerer, T. (1844): Polykras und Malakon, zwei neue Mineralspecies, Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Herausgegeben zu Berlin von J. C. Poggendorff), Vol. 138, 429-443 - Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6, p. 96
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Tengerite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Colour: yellow-white
Description: As a thin crust on gadolinite-(Y). Identified before tengerite-(Y) was redefined.
Reference: Adamson, O. J. (1942): The granite pegmatites of Hitterö, SW Norway. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 64: 97-116
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: Cat. no. 18810067 NRM, Stockholm
Reference: Lindström, G. (1881): Analys af thorit från Hitterö. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 5, p. 500.
Xenotime-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: Berzelius (1828); described as "Phosphorsyrad Ytterjord", with locality given as "Lindesnes" and found by Mr. Tank d.y.(the Yuonger). Name Xenotime first used by F. S. Beudant (1832). Scheerer corrected the type locality information to Hitterø, according to unpublished notes by Mr. Tank.
Reference: Berzelius, J. (1824): Undersökning af några Mineralier. 1. Phosphorsyrad Ytterjord. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 2 : 334-338; F. S. Beudant (1832); cf. Berzelius (1828a); Scheerer (1943c); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 690; Neumann (1985, p. 115); Raade (1996, p. 75).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Scheerer, T. (1844): Polykras und Malakon, zwei neue Mineralspecies, Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Herausgegeben zu Berlin von J. C. Poggendorff), Vol. 138, 429-443

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Group 3 - Halides
Abhurite3.DA.30Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y) (TL)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Polycrase-(Y) (TL)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Tengerite-(Y) ?5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y) (TL)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Kainosite-(Y) (TL)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Davidite'-
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y) (TL)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y) (TL)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
Am(O,OH)pXq
Abhurite10.5.9.1Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y) ?15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y) (TL)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Davidite'-
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Monazite'-
Xenotime-(Y) (TL)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Malacon
-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
BeBeryllium
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
CeCerium
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
PbLead
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3130266
Proterozoic III granite

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Granite group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Berzelius, J. (1824): Undersökning af några Mineralier. 1. Phosphorsyrad Ytterjord. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 2 : 334-338
Berzelius, J. (1825): Account of two newly discovered Mineral Species. Edinburgh Journal of Science, 3, 327-332 [on xenotime-(Y)]
Beudant, F.S. (1832): Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 552.[on xenotime]
Scheerer, T. (1843): Ueber den Fundort und die Krystallform der phosphorsauren Yttererde. Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C.Poggendorff),60:591-594
Scheerer, T. (1844): Polykras und Malakon, zwei neue Mineralspecies, Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Herausgegeben zu Berlin von J. C. Poggendorff), Vol. 138, 429-443
Lindström, G. (1881): Analys af thorit från Hitterö. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 5, p. 500 [analysis of thorite from Hidra]
Prior, G. T. (1899): Minerals from Swaziland: Niobates and Titanates of the Rare Earths, Chemically Allied to Euxenite and Fergusonite; Cassiterite, Monazite, etc. The “Æschynite” from Hitterö. Mineralogical Record, 12: 96-101
Schetelig, J. (1922): Gadolinit. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 88-123 + plates XIV -XV
Goldschmidt, V.M. & Thomassen, L. (1923): Das Vorkommen des Elements No. 72 (Hafnium) im Malakon und Alvit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 7, 61-68. [With analysis of Malacon from Hidra]
Adamson, O. J. (1942): The granite pegmatites of Hitterö, SW Norway. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 64: 97-116
Deer, W. A., Howie, R. A., and Zussman, J., 1963, Rock-Forming Minerals, v 2 Chain Silicates, p 21.
Wilke, H.J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p 63-66
Ulland, L. A. (1994): Gruvedrift. in Hanssen, J., Hansson, H. & Larsen, O. (eds): (1994) Ytterst mot havet. Kystmuseet Fedrenes Minne 50 år. Hidra 1994, 63-72
Hansen, G. Helvig (2017): Jens Omvik og hans notater om gadolinitt fra Hidra. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 29-36.

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