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Tenke-Fungurume area, Kolwezi mining district, Lualaba, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Tenke-Fungurume areaArea
Kolwezi mining districtDistrict
LualabaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
10° South , 26° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~9km
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


A number of copper and cobalt deposits, located in the area between Tenke hill in the northwest and Fungurume hill in the southeast (at a distance of roughly 30 km). Some of these deposits were still not worked in the early 1990s. At that time, reserves were estimated at 222 million tons of ore grading at 4.59% copper and 0.36% cobalt.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Pascal Mambwe, Damien Delvaux, Stijn Dewaele, Sébastien Lavoie, Louis Kipata, Mumba Chabu, Philippe Muchez (2018) Epigenetic Cu-Zn (Pb) mineralization at the Kyaundji deposit hosted in the Kundelungu Group (northern part of the Tenke-Fungurume region, DRCongo) . Young Researchers’ Overseas Day Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences Brussels, 7 December 2018
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Joy Desor (Raman and EDS analyses)
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Personal communication from Jasun McAvoy. Jasun acquired the material from one of the miners. The material has been analyzed.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Claringbullite
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Reference: Joy Desor (Raman and EDS analyses)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS and Raman Spectroscopy by Joy Desor
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne. Acquired from Jason McAvoy who acquired it from an individual operation the mine.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne. Acquired from Jason McAvoy who acquired it from an individual operation the mine.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Link broken May 25/2012. The report is unreasonable and a number of Katanga specialists have indicated that no arsenates and erythrite in particular are known to be documented from this location.
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pascal Mambwe, Damien Delvaux, Stijn Dewaele, Sébastien Lavoie, Louis Kipata, Mumba Chabu, Philippe Muchez (2018) Epigenetic Cu-Zn (Pb) mineralization at the Kyaundji deposit hosted in the Kundelungu Group (northern part of the Tenke-Fungurume region, DRCongo) . Young Researchers’ Overseas Day Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences Brussels, 7 December 2018
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Personal communication from Jasun McAvoy. Jasun acquired the material from one of the miners. The material has been analyzed.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Reference: Personal communication from Jasun McAvoy. Jasun acquired the material from one of the miners. The material has been analyzed.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pascal Mambwe, Damien Delvaux, Stijn Dewaele, Sébastien Lavoie, Louis Kipata, Mumba Chabu, Philippe Muchez (2018) Epigenetic Cu-Zn (Pb) mineralization at the Kyaundji deposit hosted in the Kundelungu Group (northern part of the Tenke-Fungurume region, DRCongo) . Young Researchers’ Overseas Day Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences Brussels, 7 December 2018
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Rouaite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Joy Desor (Raman analysis); personal communication from Jasun McAvoy and Carsten Slotta.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Pascal Mambwe, Damien Delvaux, Stijn Dewaele, Sébastien Lavoie, Louis Kipata, Mumba Chabu, Philippe Muchez (2018) Epigenetic Cu-Zn (Pb) mineralization at the Kyaundji deposit hosted in the Kundelungu Group (northern part of the Tenke-Fungurume region, DRCongo) . Young Researchers’ Overseas Day Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences Brussels, 7 December 2018
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pascal Mambwe, Damien Delvaux, Stijn Dewaele, Sébastien Lavoie, Louis Kipata, Mumba Chabu, Philippe Muchez (2018) Epigenetic Cu-Zn (Pb) mineralization at the Kyaundji deposit hosted in the Kundelungu Group (northern part of the Tenke-Fungurume region, DRCongo) . Young Researchers’ Overseas Day Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences Brussels, 7 December 2018
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Claringbullite3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rouaite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite ?8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
Am(O,OH)pXq
Claringbullite10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite ?40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Rouaite-Cu2(NO3)(OH)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
NNitrogen
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
N RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
OOxygen
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O CupriteCu2O
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
F Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
F ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
NaSodium
Na Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Na Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.
Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003) Sediment-Hosted Copper Deposits of the World: Deposit Models and Database. USGS Open-File Report 03-107.
Fay, I. and Barton, M.D. (2012) Alteration and ore distribution in the Proterozoic Mines Series, Tenke-Fungurume Cu–Co district, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mineralium Deposita, 47(5), 501-519.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
DR Congo

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