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Morokweng crater (Morokweng Impact Structure), Vryburg, Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District, North West, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Morokweng crater (Morokweng Impact Structure)Crater
Vryburg- not defined -
Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati DistrictDistrict
North WestProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 28' South , 23° 30' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
145 ± .8 Ma
Geologic Time:


Meteorite impact crater, situated north-west of Vryburg.

The crater, discovered in 1994, is buried beneath the Kalahari Desert and is at least about 70 km in diameter. The age is estimated to be 145.0 ± 0.8 million years, placing it at the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary.

In 2006, a 25 cm-diameter fragment of the original asteroid was discovered at a depth of 770 m below the surface, along with several much smaller pieces a few millimetres across at other depths.

The melt sheet is 870m thick with a diameter of 30km.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Misra, S., Ray, D., & Androli, M. A. G. (2013, August). Carbonate-Rich Impact-Melt from Morokweng Impact Structure, South Africa. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution V (Vol. 1737, p. 3063).
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Liebenbergite
Formula: Ni2SiO4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
'Monazite'
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Talnakhite ?
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impacts97/pdf/6055.pdf.; Andreoli, M. A., Maier, W. D., McDonald, I., Barnes, S. J., Roelofse, F., Cloete, M. C., ... & Hart, R. J. (2008). Siderophile minerals in the melt Sheet of the Morokweng impact crater, South Africa: similarities and differences with the Sudbury deposits. In Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV (Vol. 1423).

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Talnakhite ?2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Liebenbergite9.AC.05Ni2SiO4
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Willemseite9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Talnakhite ?2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Liebenbergite51.3.1.3Ni2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Willemseite71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O BunseniteNiO
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O LiebenbergiteNi2SiO4
O WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O RutileTiO2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si LiebenbergiteNi2SiO4
Si WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S MilleriteNiS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni BunseniteNiO
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Ni LiebenbergiteNi2SiO4
Ni WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Andreoli, M. A., Ashwal, L. D., Hart, R. J., Huizenga, J. M., & Ni, A. (1999). Ni-and PGE-enriched quartz norite impact melt complex in the Late Jurassic Morokweng impact structure, South Africa. Special Papers-Geological Society of America, 91-108.
McDonald, I., Andreoli, M. A. G., Hart, R. J., & Tredoux, M. (2001). Platinum-group elements in the Morokweng impact structure, South Africa: Evidence for the impact of a large ordinary chondrite projectile at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary1. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(2), 299-309.
Maier, WD; Andreoli MA, McDonald I, Higgins MD, Boyce AJ, Shukolyukov A, Lugmair GW, Ashwal LD, Graser P, Ripley EM, Hart RJ (2006): Discovery of a 25-cm asteroid clast in the giant Morokweng impact crater, South Africa. Nature 441, 203–206.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Africa
African PlateTectonic Plate

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