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Gualba quarries, Gualba, Vallès Oriental, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

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Name(s) in local language(s):Pedreres de Gualba
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° North , 2° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~5km
Locality type:Group of Quarries
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Skarn due to contact metamorphism of Hercynian granodiorite and biotite granite into Cambrian marbles. Primary Fe-Cu-Mo-Pb-Zn sulfides and oxides accompanied by hydrous and anhydrous calc-silicates.
Several quarries and subterranean galleries wich extract carbonates for industrial use are distributed along the two sides of Gualba river, about 10 km north of the town of Sant Celoni.

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,585 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

45 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Laura Palacios Pérez, Minerals i roques, Pòrtic Natura, 2003
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: No reference listed
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. I. Elementos. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 156 págs.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydromagnesite'5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Powellite'7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Chondrodite'9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrysotile'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
'Inesite'9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Prehnite'9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Talc'9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tremolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Vesuvianite'9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wollastonite'9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
MnManganese
Mn InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As NickelineNiAs
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
de Aldecoa, A.L.I.; Roldán, F.V.; Menor-Salván, C. Natural Pyrrhotite as a Catalyst in Prebiotic Chemical Evolution. Life 2013, 3, 502-517. (http://www.mdpi.com/2075-1729/3/3/502)

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