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Aley Deposit (Aley Creek Carbonatite Complex), Williston Lake, Omenica Mining Division, British Columbia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Aley Deposit (Aley Creek Carbonatite Complex)Deposit (Planned Future Operation)
Williston LakeLake
Omenica Mining DivisionMining Division
British ColumbiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 56° 27' 57'' North , 123° 44' 57'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 56.46611,-123.74917
GeoHash:G#: c6010p2dg
Owned/operated by:Taseko (100%)
Locality type:Deposit (Planned Future Operation) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


The Aley Creek area is underlain by Cambrian to Devonian carbonate and clastic rocks of the Kechika Group, Skoki Formation and Road River Group. This miogeoclinal succession, deposited near the shelf/off-shelf boundary, was intruded by the Aley carbonatite complex prior to the main Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous orogenic event. The complex consists of a rauhaugite (dolomitic carbonatite) core zone, 2 kilometres in diameter, surrounded by an older, outer ring of amphibolite. A contact aureole of recrystallized carbonate rocks surrounds the amphibolite margin. Rare-earth, carbonate-rich dykes occur throughout the complex but are most common in the outer alteration halo (contact aureole).

World's largest niobium deposit outside of Brazil.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


46 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Apatite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
'Biotite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Cerite' ?
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Huanghoite-(Ce)
Formula: BaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Monazite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Mäder, U. K. (1986). The Aley carbonatite complex.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Huanghoite-(Ce)5.BD.35BaCe(CO3)2F
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Cerite' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.8A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Eitelite14.3.2.1Na2Mg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Huanghoite-(Ce)16a.1.4.1BaCe(CO3)2F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Cerite' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrochlore'-
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
C EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O RutileTiO2
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
O CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
O ThorianiteThO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
FFluorine
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Na EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Mg EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CelestineSrSO4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ba Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ce Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Devonian - Early Paleozoic
358.9 - 541 Ma



ID: 3184280
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Besa Assemblage; Cordillaran Foreland Belt

Lithology: Siltstone,shale,carbonate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 663477
Kechika Group

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Kechika Group

Description: Phylllitic siltstone and shale, limestone, wavy banded, silty, nodular, argillaceous limestone, calcareous siltstone and shale, sandstone, minor green tuff (Trempealeauan to Arenigian); undifferentiated; includes Skoki Formation in 93O, just east

Comments: K. Bellefontaine, A. Legun, N.W.D. Massey and P. Desjardins -AND- D. MacIntyre, A. Legun, K. Bellefontaine and N. W.D.Massey, 1995, Geological Compilation Northeast BC - Southern Half -AND- Open File 1995-6 (Northern Part), OF 1995-24, BCGS

Lithology: Undivided sedimentary rocks

Reference: B.C. Geological Survey. British Columbia Digital Geology. [3]

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3425151
Kechika Group

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Kechika Group

Description: Phylllitic siltstone and shale, limestone, wavy banded, silty, nodular, argillaceous limestone, calcareous siltstone and shale, sandstone, minor green tuff (Trempealeauan to Arenigian); undifferentiated; includes Skoki Formation in 93O, just east

Comments: North America - basinal strata terrane

Lithology: Undivided sedimentary rocks

Reference: Cui, Y., Miller, D., Schiarizza, P., and Diakow, L.J. British Columbia digital geology. British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, British Columbia Geological Survey Open File 2017-8. [205]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
MÄDER, U.K. (1987) The Aley Creek carbonatite complex. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. 176 p. Abstracted in: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum resources, Geological Fieldwork, Paper 1987-1. 283-288.
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.
Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.

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