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Western Saharai
Regional Level Types
Western SaharaDisputed Territory

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Key
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Laayoune196,331 (2016)
Dakhla75,000 (2016)
Laayoune Plage10,450 (2013)
Daoura900 (2014)
Foum el Oued450 (2013)


Western Sahara is on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, meaning that in the UN's eyes, the territory has not been decolonized.

The Kingdom of Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) presently dispute the control of the territory, Morocco claiming the Sahara as an integral part of the kingdom, while the SADR is a government in exile, controlling a minority of the territory. The rest is controlled and the entirety claimed by Morocco.

Note: Tiris al-Gharbiyya (Arabic for Western Tiris) was the Mauritanian name for the area of Western Sahara under its control between 1975 and 1979.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. M. I. Martins collection
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Perryite ?
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Russell, S.S., Zolensky, M., Righter, K., Folco, L., Jones, R., Connolly, H.C. Jnr., Grossman, J.N. (2005) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 89, 2005 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(9) (Suppl.), A201-A263.
Schreibersite ?
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Troilite
Formula: FeS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Perryite ?1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite ?1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Perryite ?1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite ?1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
Lechatelierite-SiO2
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O LechatelieriteSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
AlAluminium
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S AlabanditeMnS
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
CaCalcium
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe IronFe
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
BaBarium
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Sahara
Wikidata ID:Q6250
GeoNames ID:2461445

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate
North Africa
Northwest Africa MeteoritesMeteorite Fall Location

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