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Amole Mining District, Tucson Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Amole Mining DistrictMining District
Tucson MtsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° North , 111° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~17km
Locality type:


Ref.: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 47.

Allen, M.A. (1920).

Jenkins, O.P., and Wilson, E.D. (1920) A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains, with Notes on the southern section of the Amole mining district, by M.A. Allen: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 106, 29 p.

Brown, W.H. (1939) Tucson Mountains, an Arizona basin range type: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 50(5): 697-759.

Coulson, O.B. (1950) Geology of the Sweetwater Drive area, and correlation of Santa Cruz Valley gravels: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 71 p.

Britt, T.L. (1955) Geology of the Twin Peaks Area, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 58 p.

Bennett, P.J. (1957) Geology and mineralization of the Sedimentary Hills area, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 41 p.

Whitney, R.L., 1957, Stratigraphy and structure of the northeastern part of the Tucson Mountains: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 61 p.

Colby, R.E. (1958) Stratigraphy and structure of the Recreation Redbeds, Tucson Mountain Park, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 54 p. Contributions to Economic Geology, 1918, Part I, USGS Bull. 690.

Kinnison, J.E. (1958) Geology and ore deposits of the southern section of the Amole mining district, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 126 p.

Imswiler, J.B. (1959) Structural geology of the Safford Peak area, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 46 p.

Kinnison, J.E. (1959) Structure of the Saginaw area, Tucson Mountains, Arizona, in Heindl, L.A., ed., Southern Arizona Guidebook II, combined with the 2nd annual Arizona Geological Society Digest: Arizona Geological Society, p. 146-151.

Greenstein, G. (1961) The structure of the Amole Arkose north of King Canyon, Tucson Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 42 p.

Bickerman (1962).

Mayo, E.B. (1963) Volcanic orogeny of the Tucson Mountains (a preliminary report): Arizona Geological Society Digest: 6: 61-82.

Mayo, E.B., and McCullough, E.J., Jr. (1964) Emplacement of basement blocks in the Tucson Mountain Chaos near Tucson, Arizona: Arizona Academy of Science, Journal: 3(2): 81-86.

McCoy, S., Jr., (1964) A description of the limestone blocks of the Tucson Mountain Chaos, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 45 p.

Horton, J.W. (1966) The geology of the Mam-A-Gah picnic area, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 59 p.

Knight, L.H., Jr. (1967) Structural geology of the Cat Mountain Rhyolite in the northern Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 68 p.

Mayo, E.B. (1968) A history of geologic investigation in the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona, in Titley, S.R., ed., Southern Arizona Guidebook III: Arizona Geological Society: 155-170.

Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 83 (Table 4).

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

A Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au-Mo (V) & limestone-silica flux mining area located in T.12-15S., R.11-13E. This district lies to the West of Tucson. The city has caught up with the mining areas and some of the mines are now inaccessible due to private property and residential development.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Scattered, usually small, irregular, quartz-fissure veins containing spotty base metal sulfides with gold and silver values. Also relatively small contact metamorphic and replacement deposits of partly oxidized base metal sulfides, locally containing molybdenum and vanadium minerals. Veins cut complex series of altered and deformed Cretaceous volcanics while contact metamorphic and replacement deposits are in limestone lenses in the volcanics or in erratic blocks of Paleozoic (?) limestone engulfed in later volcanics or intrusives and usually associated with igneous dikes.; (2) Weakly disseminated copper mineralization in fractured and altered Laramide intrusive and bordering volcanics; (3) Folded and faulted Paleozoic limestone; and, (4) Quartz-rich zones in volcanics containing weak and spotty copper mineralization.

Workings are mostly relatively shallow shafts, tunnels, and open cuts. One major limestone quarry for cement manufacture. Sporadic production since prior to 1900 of some 34,000 tons of ore containing about 260 tons of Cu, 335 tons of Pb, 187 tons of Zn, 27,000 oz. of silver, 1,000 oz. of gold and 17 tons of Mo concentrates. Over 14,000,000 tons of limestone used for cement manufacture. Some silica smelter flux was also produced.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 102 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039824, MRDS ID #M050904.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Collected in 1980 by Bruce J. Murphy. Analysis by Bart Cannon 2009
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039844, MRDS ID #M050924.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Supergene mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 229; Guild, F.N. (1917), A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals, Econ.Geol.: 12: 297-353;
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Actually andesine-labradorite segment of the series. As phenocrysts to 2 inches (5 cm) in intrusive & flow porphyritic rocks, locally termed 'turkey-track porphyry.'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Actually andesine-labradorite segment of the series. As phenocrysts to 2 inches (5 cm) in intrusive & flow porphyritic rocks, locally termed 'turkey-track porphyry.'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 136.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Description: Disseminated in porphyry.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 142; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 17.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 28.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clays'
'Copper Stain'
Localities: Reported from at least 121 localities in this region.
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Rare crystals to 5mm long
Colour: Brownish-orange
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 201; Jones, D. (1983), The Old Yuma mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 95-107.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039832, MRDS ID #M050912.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Botryoidal crusts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 248.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039735, MRDS ID #M050746.
'K Feldspar' ?
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039824, MRDS ID #M050904.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2006
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2006
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Michael Cline and Michael C. Roarke specimens.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307; Jones, D. (1983), The Old Yuma mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 95-107; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen, Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Occurs in rhyolite and adjacent sandstone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 328; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 100; Guild, F.N. (1935), Piedmontite in Arizona, Am.Min.: 20: 679-692.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Habit: Tiny
Description: Crystals on vanadinite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Colour: Blue & white
Description: Occurs in abundant geodes in basalt flows.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 348; Guild, F.N. (1905), Petrography of the Tucson Mountains, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 20: 313; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 85.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 102 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs in geodes in basalt flows.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039817, MRDS ID #M050897.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Stetefeldtite'
Formula: Ag2Sb2(O,OH)7
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095789, MRDS ID #800307.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Exceptionally beautiful specimens and as pseudomorphs after wulfenite.
Reference: Guild, F.N. (1911) Mineralogische Notizen. Zeitschrift für Krystallografie und Mineralogie, 49, 321-331.; University of Arizona Bulletin 41 (1916-17) Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 59.; Jenkins, O.P. and Wilson, E.D. (1920) A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains, with Notes on the southern section of the Amole mining district, by M.A. Allen: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 106, 29 pp.: 6, 16-17.; Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 73.; Bideaux, R.A. et al. (1960) Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona. Arizona Geological Society Digest, 3, 53-56.; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.; Keith, Stanton B. (1974) Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bulletin 189: Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 102 (Table 4).; Jones, D. (1983) Famous mineral localities: the Old Yuma mine. Mineralogical Record, 14(2), 95-107, 326.; Rocks & Minerals (1988) 63, 328.; Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 158, 331, 410.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
'Stetefeldtite'4.DH.20Ag2Sb2(O,OH)7
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar' ?-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stetefeldtite'44.1.1.5Ag2Sb2(O,OH)7
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar' ?-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CerussitePbCO3
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O PlattneritePbO2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O TenoriteCuO
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MiniumPb3O4
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
AsArsenic
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb MiniumPb3O4
UUranium
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Localities in this Region


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