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Silver Bell Mining District, Silver Bell Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Silver Bell Mining DistrictMining District
Silver Bell MtsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° North , 111° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~12km
Locality type:


A Cu-Ag-Pb-Zn-Mo-Au-Mn mining area located in T11-12S R7-8E, G&SRM, in the Silver Bell and West Silver Bell Mountains, some 50 miles West from Tucson.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Supergene enriched deposits of chalcocite with minor copper carbonates and silicates in sheeted, closely spaced veinlets and seams of quartz, with pyrite and chalcopyrite, in hydrothermally altered Laramide alaskite, monzonite, and some dacite porphyry; (2) Disseminated, partly oxidized chalcopyrite, and minor galena and sphalerite, in pyrometasomatized Paleozoic limestone and quartzite pendants in Laramide intrusives; (3) Pyrometasomatic mantos, pods, and lenses of zinc, copper and lead carbonates and sulfides in a garnetized Paleozoic limestone block. Ore controlled by faults, bedding, and andesite dikes; and, (4) Spotty copper oxides, minor wulfenite, and manganese and iron oxides in limy Cretaceous and interbedded Permian limestone and quartzites along a fault zone. Often associated with andesite porphyry intrusives. The district features immense dikes to 50 feet wide carrying carbonates and red and black oxides of copper.

Workings include shaft, adit, and open pit operations. Worked since 1873 but the major production from open pits occurred after 1953.

Total estimated and reported output through 1972 would be some 61,200,000 tons of ore containing about 504,400 tons of Cu, 24,000 tons of Zn, 900 tons of Pb, 5,300,000 ounces of Ag, & 1,490 ounces Au.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

71 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10107806, MRDS ID #D002383.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039683, MRDS ID #M050647.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Description: An accessory mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 17.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039916, MRDS ID #M051101.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Thick coatings on walls of old mine workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 60.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 158.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
'Copper Stain'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095465, MRDS ID #M051105.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Self collected and Raman verified by/through Michael D. Cline.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: rolf luetcke
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Habit: Capillary, acicualr
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 216; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 43.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Gold
Formula: Au
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in old mine workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 238; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
Goslarite var: Cuprogoslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in old mine workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 238; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Abundant in tactites result of pyrometasomatic alteration of limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039923, MRDS ID #M051113.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095456, MRDS ID #M051072.
Leucosphenite
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276; Roe, A. (1980), Micromounting in AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 261-265.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 280.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039683, MRDS ID #M050647.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Occurs in small amounts.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in small amounts.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 296.
'Mica Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10065015, MRDS ID #TC40002.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Colour: Bright yellow-orange
Description: Crystals & botryoidal crusts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: An alteration product replacing feldspar in dacite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 305; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Veinlets in the oxidized zone with jarosite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: A late-stage alteration mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 318.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 337.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 144 (Table 4); Farnham, et al (1961): 119; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 341; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silver Bell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., Vol. 62: 451-480.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Emerald-green
Description: Occurs as clear, nearly transparent material of beautiful color.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 85.
Quartz var: Jasper
Colour: Red
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095467, MRDS ID #M051122.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Small, acicular
Description: Small grains & prismatic crystals associated with quartz.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 359; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370; Stewart, C.A. (1912)The geology and ore deposits of the Silverbell mining district, AZ, AIME Bull. 65: 455-505 (AIME Transactions, Vol. 43: 240-290.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 377; Stewart, C.A. (1912)The geology and ore deposits of the Silverbell mining district, AZ, AIME Bull. 65: 455-505 (AIME Transactions, Vol. 43: 240-290
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: An accessory mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 397; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039914, MRDS ID #M051097.
'Wad'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039916, MRDS ID #M051101.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: An accessory mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 431; Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silverbell, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 62: 451-480.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
var: Cuprogoslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucosphenite9.DP.15BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Leucosphenite72.5.2.1BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goslarite
var: Cuprogoslarite
-ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Goslarite (var: Cuprogoslarite)ZnSO4 · 7H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
BBoron
B LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
OOxygen
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CerussitePbCO3
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O BaryteBaSO4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Goslarite (var: Cuprogoslarite)ZnSO4 · 7H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O TenoriteCuO
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
MgMagnesium
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Goslarite (var: Cuprogoslarite)ZnSO4 · 7H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Goslarite (var: Cuprogoslarite)ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
AsArsenic
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleocene : 63.5 Ma to 62.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)62.9 MaSilver Bell Mine, Mineral Mountain, Silver Bell Mining District, Silver Bell Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)63.5 MaSilver Bell Mine, Mineral Mountain, Silver Bell Mining District, Silver Bell Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 47.
Barney, W.G. (1904), The Silver Bell Mountains, Arizona, Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. 78: 755-756.
Tolman, C.F., Jr. (1909), Copper deposits of Silverbell, Arizona, Mining & Scientific Press, Vol. 99: 646-658.
Stewart, C.A. (1912) The geology and ore deposits of the Silverbell mining district, Arizona, A.I.M.E. Bull. 65: 455-505 (AIME Transactions, Vol. 43: 240-290).
Mining World, Vol. 36: 1104-1107, 1147-1150.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureauof Mines Bull. 153: 16, 17.
Kerr, P.F. (1951), Alteration features at Silver Bell, Arizona, Geological Society of America Bull., Vol. 62: 451-480.
Richard, K.E. & Courtright, J.H. (1954), Structure & Mineralization at Silver Bell, Arizona, Mining Engineering, Vol. 6(11): 1095-1099 (A.I.M.E. Transactions, 1954 - Vol. 199 (1955)).
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 43, 49, 60, 61, 63, 91, 110.
Richard, K.E. & Courtright, J.H. (1966), Structure & Mineralization at Silver Bell, Arizona, in Titley, S.R. and Hicks, C.L., editors, The Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America: 157-163 (University of Arizona Press).
Williams, S.A. (1966), The significance of habit and morphology of wulfenite, American Mineralogist: 51: 1212-1217.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 142 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 161, 238, 341, 370, 374, 377, 424, 426.

Localities in this Region


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