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Falun mine, Falun, Dalarna, Sweden

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 60° 35' 53'' North , 15° 36' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 60.59806,15.61306
GeoHash:G#: u6g0er916
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Falu gruva


Copper mine with minor gold. Mining probably started around the 11th century and was terminated in 1992. In the 17th century, two-thirds of the world's copper came from Falun mine. Selenium was discovered in sulfides from Falun mine.
The deposit is located in the 1.8-1.9 Ga Palaeoproterozoic, metavolcanic-dominated Falun supracrustal belt. Lithologies include leptites, mica schist, and quartzite along with marble, skarn, quartz porphyric intrusions and amphibolites. The entire lithological succession is metamorphosed to upper amphibolite facies and was folded by two deformation phases. The compact ore consists primarily of massive pyrite and chalcopyrite-sphalerite-galena.

Note on the name: Falun is the town, "Falu" is an old genitive form that has survived until today and is kind of special; "Falu mine" (also found on labels) is a direct translation from the Swedish "Falu gruva" thus meaning "the mine of Falun".

The total amount of ore extracted during the lifespan of the mine was approximately 30,000,000 t with a yield of 400,000 t blister copper, 500,000 t zinc, 160,000 t lead, 380 t of silver and 5 t of gold. Gold, silver, lead, and sulphur was produced from the year 1790, but zinc much later.

Quite a number of ore bodies and mines exist, which today often are hard to distinguish from each other.
Following shafts are known:
Gustavs shaft
Lovisa shaft
Adolfs shaft (started 1745)
Fredriks shaft (started 1716)
Oscars shaft
Drottning shaft (Queens-)
Meijenholz shaft
Oscars shaft
Rålambs shaft
Creutz shaft
Wredes shaft

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Falu gruva, Falun, Dalarna, Sverige
Falun gruva, Falun, Dalarna, Sweden
Falun, Dalarna, Sweden
Falun, Sweden

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,004 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

61 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Aksel Österlöf; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wolter, H.U., Seifert, F. (1984): Mineralogy and genesis of cordierite-anthophyllite rocks from the sulfide deposit of Falun, Sweden. Lithos 17, 147–152.; Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Biotite'
Reference: Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,pp. 1313-1315 (1999)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Botryogen (TL)
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Ann. Phys. Chem. (Pogg.) (1828): 12: 491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618, 625; Clark (1993) - "Hey's Mineral Index".
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,pp. 1313-1315 (1999); Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,pp. 1313-1315 (1999); Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: No reference listed
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Wolter, H.U., Seifert, F. (1984): Mineralogy and genesis of cordierite-anthophyllite rocks from the sulfide deposit of Falun, Sweden. Lithos 17, 147–152; Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: No reference listed
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Fahlunite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Hisinger, W. (1815) Afhandlingar i fysik, kemi och mineralogi, Vol. 4, p.342-347. Dana, J.D. (1837) A System of Mineralogy, p. 258.
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Gahnite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: [ZK 120 (1964), 476; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Lucchesi, S., Della Giusta, A., & Russo, U. (1998). Cation distribution in natural Zn-aluminate spinels. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(1), 41-54.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999); Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: No reference listed
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Åberg, A. (1990). Textures and fluid inclusions in gold-bearing quartz veins, Falun, central Sweden; preliminary results. GFF, 112(2), 170-171.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis Flink, G - Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi, Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi Band 3 no 11. G. Nordenström (1882) Fynd af gediget guld Falu grufva, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 6:2, 59-69, DOI:10.1080/11035898209455531
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 515.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Hornblende'
Reference: Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: No reference listed
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999); American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ulf Nyberg material
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Marble'
Reference: Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 502.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Nevskite
Formula: Bi(Se,S)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Nordströmite (TL)
Formula: CuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Reference: No reference listed
'Platynite'
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: G: Flink (1917)- Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi AKMG.- Bd 6 nr 21.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,pp. 1313-1315 (1999); Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Åberg, A. (1990). Textures and fluid inclusions in gold-bearing quartz veins, Falun, central Sweden; preliminary results. GFF, 112(2), 170-171.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.
'Schist'
Reference: Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
'Skarn'
Reference: Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190; Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Schumacher, J. C., Schäfer, K., & Seifert, F. (1987). Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(2), 182-190.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Aksel Österlöf; Gavelin, S. (1989). Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Weibullite (TL)
Formula: Pb5Bi8Se7S11
Reference: Weibull, M. (1885): Om selenhaltig galenobismutit från Falu grufva. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 657-666; Arkiv Kemi Min.Geol.(1910) 3, 4; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Reference: No reference listed
Wittite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Reference: Arkiv Kemi Min.Geol.(1924) 9, 2; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Cannizzarite'2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Clausthalite'2.CD.10PbSe
'Cosalite'2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
'Friedrichite'2.HB.05aPb5Cu5Bi7S18
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Galenobismutite'2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
'Geocronite'2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
'Ikunolite'2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
'Junoite'2.JB.25aCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
'Laitakarite'2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
'Lillianite'2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Nevskite'2.DC.05Bi(Se,S)
'Nordströmite' (TL)2.JB.25cCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
'Pekoite'2.HB.05aPbCuBi11(S,Se)18
'Platynite'2..
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Weibullite (TL)2.JB.25hPb5Bi8Se7S11
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Wittite (TL)2.JB.20Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Ferronigerite-2N1S'4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
'Gahnite' (TL)4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Botryogen' (TL)7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Halotrichite'7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chloritoid'9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chondrodite'9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Cummingtonite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Gedrite'9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
'Hisingerite'9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fahlunite'-(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Marble'-
Schist-
Skarn-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Weissite2.4.8.1Cu2-xTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nevskite2.8.20.3Bi(Se,S)
'Platynite'2.8.21.1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Friedrichite3.4.5.5Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pekoite3.4.5.6PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Cannizzarite3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
Weibullite (TL)3.6.18.1Pb5Bi8Se7S11
Wittite (TL)3.6.5.2Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Junoite3.7.14.1Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Nordströmite (TL)3.7.13.1CuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite (TL)7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen (TL)31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fahlunite'-(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Marble'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Schist'-
'Skarn'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
S GalenaPbS
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
S JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NevskiteBi(Se,S)
S NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
S PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
S WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Fahlunite(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Fe Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
Cu JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Cu NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Cu PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WeissiteCu2-xTe
ZnZinc
Zn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Se JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Se NevskiteBi(Se,S)
Se NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Se PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Se WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
Se WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
SbAntimony
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te WeissiteCu2-xTe
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Pb PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pb WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
Pb WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Bi JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi NevskiteBi(Se,S)
Bi NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Bi PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Bi WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
Bi WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185452
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3157968
Proterozoic I granodiorite-diorite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granodiorite-diorite group}, Minor{granite,syenite-monzonite group,meta-granodiorite-diorite group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 633960
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: intermediate

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Felsic and intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2638182

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Bergslagen lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Rhyolite, dacite, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Weibull, M. (1885) Om selenhaltig galenobismutit från Falu grufva. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 7, 657-666.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618, 625.
Chudoba, K.F. (1958) Der 'Große Kupferberg' von Falun, Schweden. Der Aufschluss, 9(5), 124-129.
Koark, H. (1962) Zur Altersstellung und Entstehung der Sulfiderze vom Typus Falun. Geologische Rundschau 52, 123–146 (in German).
Seeling, H. (1965) Die Bergwerke zu Falun. Der Aufschluss, 16(2), 44-46.
Rydberg, S. (1979) Stora Kopparberg. 1000 Jahre Industrietätigkeit. Verlag Gullers Int. AB. [ISBN: 91-85228-54-0]
Wolter, H.U. (1982) Die Cordierit-Anthophyllit-Gesteine von Falun und ihre Erze. Diploma Thesis, University Kiel, Germany, xx pp. (in German).
Wolter, H.U. and Seifert, F. (1984) Mineralogy and genesis of cordierite-anthophyllite rocks from the sulfide deposit of Falun, Sweden. Lithos 17, 147–152.
Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K., and Seifert, F. (1987) Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology 95: 182-190.
Gavelin, S. (1989) Genesis of the Falun sulphide ores, central Sweden. GFF, 111(3), 213-227.
Stammann, H. (1992) Eine Reise in das zentralschwedische Bergbaurevier. Der Aufschluss, 43(6), 340-344.
Lindeström, L. (2002) The Environmental History of the Falun Mine. ISBN 91-631-3536-1.
Lasskogen, J. (2010) Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis.
Kampmann, T.C., Stephens, M.B., and Weihed, P. (2016) 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.

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