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Gladhammar Mines, Västervik, Kalmar County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Gladhammar MinesGroup of Mines
VästervikMunicipality
Kalmar CountyCounty
SwedenCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
57° 43' 10'' North , 16° 25' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ankarsrum1,234 (2017)5.9km
Gunnebo1,022 (2017)6.4km
Almvik202 (2012)12.9km
Hjorted326 (2017)13.0km
Västervik21,178 (2017)13.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Gladhammars gruvor


A copper and cobalt mining area 15 km SW of Västervik.

It existed three main groups of mines, from NW to SE: Ryssgruve Field- Holländare Field and Solbergs Field, rspectively. Further SE some smaller testpits and mines are scattered. All exist within a strech of just above 1000m.
Iron mining in the area is first mentioned 1525, followed by copper mining from the 1560s and cobalt mining from 1777. Closed 1892.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

34 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: No reference listed
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Description: As a secondary product on galenobismutite
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 18, 165
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Description: Difficult to distinguish frm Linneite
Reference: Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17; Canadian Mineralogist 18, 165
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: No reference listed
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Gladite (TL)
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Reference: Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Kjell Gatedal collection
Hammarite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 11
'Hornblende'
Reference: No reference listed
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 25, 393
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Habit: Fibrous aggregates
Reference: Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi 3, nr35, 14
Lindströmite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Cleve, P.T. (1873): Om koboltkis (linneit) från Bastnäs och Gladhammar. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 1,5-126
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: AKMG 3, nr35, 14
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: No reference listed
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: No reference listed
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: No reference listed
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kjell Gatedal collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gladite (TL)2.HB.05aPbCuBi5S9
Hammarite (TL)2.HB.05aPb2Cu2Bi4S9
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Lindströmite (TL)2.HB.05aPb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Gladite (TL)3.4.5.3PbCuBi5S9
Hammarite (TL)3.4.5.4Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Lindströmite (TL)3.4.5.7Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O UraniniteUO2
O AnataseTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
S LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
S GladitePbCuBi5S9
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CuCopper
Cu HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
Cu LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
Cu GladitePbCuBi5S9
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
Pb LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
Pb GladitePbCuBi5S9
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
Bi LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
Bi GladitePbCuBi5S9
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3152865
Proterozoic I meta-sandstone

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{mica schist,gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Statherian - Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185542
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2635010

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Småland lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Sandstone, mudstone, conglomerate, volcanic rock, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Svenonius, F.(1904) - SGU Ser Aa 126 Ankarsrum.
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p. 142-143
Torstensson, O. (2002): Gladhammars sällsynta sulfider och sulfosalter- en jämförelse. Berg & Mineral (Stockholm Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). 12 (nr 37), 17-22
Elfström, E. (2006): En fyrahundraårig historia om bergsbruket i Gladhammar, 341 p. (in Swedish) ISBN: 978-91-631-8252-5

External Links

http://www.geonord.org/paper/pdf/Gladhammarrapport3.pdf (Some very nice underground pics, maps and text) (in Swedish, 28 p).
http://www.geonord.org/paper/bergsbruk_gladhammar.html (a short introduction to Elfström (in Swedish).

Localities in this Region
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