Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kafubu Emerald District, Lufwanyama, Copperbelt, Zambiai
Regional Level Types
Kafubu Emerald DistrictDistrict
LufwanyamaDistrict
CopperbeltProvince
ZambiaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 12° South , 27° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~85km
Locality type:District
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


Gem mining district in northern Zambia.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Apatite'
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Mica Group'
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
'Monazite'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40. Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BrookiteTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sliwa, A.S., Nguluwe, C.A. (1984) Geological setting of Zambian emerald deposits. Precambrian research, 25:1-3, 213-228.
Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.

Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 26, 2019 23:02:16
Go to top of page