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Copperbelt, Zambiai
Regional Level Types
CopperbeltProvince
ZambiaCountry

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Key
07443810015411951496879.jpg
View of the Luanshya copper mining area, ca. 1950.

Luanshya Mine, Luanshya, Luanshya, Copperbelt, Zambia
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kitwe400,914 (2012)
Ndola394,518 (2015)
Chingola148,564 (2016)
Mufulira120,500 (2012)
Luanshya113,365 (2012)
Kalulushi66,575 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Province de Copperbelt, Zambie
German:
Copperbelt, Sambia
Italian:
Provincia di Copperbelt, Zambia
Russian:
Коппербелт, Замбия
Simplified Chinese:
铜带省, 赞比亚
Spanish:
Provincia de Copperbelt, Zambia
Afrikaans:
Koperstreek, Zambië
Arabic:
كوبربيلت, زامبيا
Belarusian:
Капербелт, Замбія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Капэрбэлт
Bulgarian:
Копърбелт, Замбия
Cebuano:
Copperbelt Province
Czech:
Copperbelt, Zambie
Dutch:
Copperbelt, Zambia
Estonian:
Copperbelti provints, Sambia
Farsi/Persian:
استان کوپربلت, زامبیا
Georgian:
კოპერბელტის პროვინცია
Greek:
Κόππερμπελτ, Ζάμπια
Hill Mari:
Коппербелт
Indonesian:
Provinsi Copperbelt, Zambia
Japanese:
カッパーベルト州, ザンビア
Korean:
코퍼벨트 주, 잠비아
Lithuanian:
Vario Juostos provincija, Zambija
Northern Frisian:
Copperbelt
Norwegian:
Copperbelt, Zambia
Polish:
Prowincja Pasa Miedzionośnego, Zambia
Portuguese:
Copperbelt, Zâmbia
Romanian:
Provincia Copperbelt, Zambia
Swahili:
Mkoa wa Copperbelt, Zambia
Swedish:
Copperbelt, Zambia
Turkish:
Copperbelt Bölgesi, Zambiya
Ukrainian:
Коппербелт, Замбія
Urdu:
کاپربیلٹ صوبہ


The Copperbelt region of Zambia and Congo D.R. is a 500 million-year-old mountain chain, the Lufilian Arc, which formed when two large pieces of continental crust, the Kalahari Craton and the Congo craton, collided. This collision was one of the many that happened between 700 and 500 million years ago to form the Gondwana supercontinent.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

74 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148. Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Annels, A. E. (1979). The genetic relevance of recent studies at Mufulira Mine, Zambia. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique 102:431-449
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Claringbullite (TL)
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Torremans, K., Gauquie, J., Boyce, A. J., Barrie, C. D., Dewaele, S., Sikazwe, O., & Muchez, P. (2013). Remobilisation features and structural control on ore grade distribution at the Konkola stratiform Cu–Co ore deposit, Zambia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 79, 10-23.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Torremans, K., Gauquie, J., Boyce, A. J., Barrie, C. D., Dewaele, S., Sikazwe, O., & Muchez, P. (2013). Remobilisation features and structural control on ore grade distribution at the Konkola stratiform Cu–Co ore deposit, Zambia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 79, 10-23.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
'Hornblende'
Reference: Seifert, A.V., Žáček, V., Vrána, S., Pecina, V., Zachariáš, J., Zwaan, J.C. (2004) Emerald mineralization in the Kafubu area. Bulletin of Geosciences, 79:1, 1 - 40.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1838-1852
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Meneghel (1981) Methodology and history o uranium exploration in the northwestern province of Zambia . In Proceedings of an Advisory Group Meeting on Case Histories of Uranium Exploration, IAEA-AG (Vol. 250, No. 14, pp. 75-97).
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Scovil, J. A. (2016). Some African Beauties: A Pictorial. Rocks & Minerals, 91(4), 308-315.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: A specimen in the collection of Yale University
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record General Index 11:317n
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Zwaan, J.C., Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S., Laurs, B.M., Anckar, B., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Lustenhouwer, W.J., Muhlmeister, S., Koivula, J.I., Garcia-Guillerminet, H. (2005) Emeralds from the Kafubu area, Zambia. Gems and Gemology 41, 116-148.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: Torremans, K., Gauquie, J., Boyce, A. J., Barrie, C. D., Dewaele, S., Sikazwe, O., & Muchez, P. (2013). Remobilisation features and structural control on ore grade distribution at the Konkola stratiform Cu–Co ore deposit, Zambia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 79, 10-23.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Le Sueur minerals samples at Tucson 2015
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
'Wad'
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Xenotime'
Reference: Behling, S.C., Wilson, W.E. (2010) The Kagem emerald mine, Kafubu area, Zambia. The Mineralogical Record, 41:1, 59-67.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Claringbullite (TL)3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
Am(O,OH)pXq
Claringbullite (TL)10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
OOxygen
O ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O CupriteCu2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UraniniteUO2
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
FFluorine
F ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S GalenaPbS
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S BaryteBaSO4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BrookiteTiO2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
CuCopper
Cu ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As CobaltiteCoAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te MeloniteNiTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2
U BranneriteUTi2O6
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Cambrian : 550 ± 3 Ma to 522 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Cambrian
   Terreneuvian
ⓘ Uraninite (youngest age)522 MaNkana Mine (Rokana Mine), Kitwe, Kitwe, Copperbelt, Zambia
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Uraninite (oldest age)550 ± 3 MaNkana Mine (Rokana Mine), Kitwe, Kitwe, Copperbelt, Zambia

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Master, S. (1995). Bibliography of the geology and mineral resources of the Central African Copperbelt and Katangan Sequence (1877-1995). Economic Geology Research Unit Information Circular No. 291. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 127 pages. [An exhaustive list of references for the region].
Robertson, M. (2013) Kitumba - a new kind of copper deposit in a Zambian context: in Base Metals Conference 2013, 2-4 September 2013, Ingwenyama Conference & Sports Resort, Mpumalanga. The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Symposium Series S76 pp. 1-20.

Localities in this Region


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