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Långban mine, Långban Ore District, Filipstad, Värmland County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Långban mineMine
Långban Ore DistrictOre Field
FilipstadMunicipality
Värmland CountyCounty
SwedenCountry
Långban mine, Långban Ore District, Bergslagen mining district, Sweden

This page kindly sponsored by Knut Eldjarn
Key
09633260014946263714230.jpg
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban mine, Långban Ore District, Filipstad, Värmland County, Sweden
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 51' 19'' North , 14° 15' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Nordmark234 (2012)9.5km
Persberg249 (2017)11.7km
Lesjöfors948 (2017)14.2km
Hällefors4,449 (2017)16.4km
Filipstad6,119 (2017)16.8km
Other Languages:
French:
Långban, Filipstad, Comté de Värmland, Suède
German:
Långban, Filipstad, Värmlands län, Schweden
Swedish:
Långban, Långbans Malmtrakt, Filipstads kommun, Värmlands län, Sverige
Catalan:
Långban, Filipstad, Comtat de Värmland, Suècia
Dutch:
Långban, Filipstad, Värmlands län, Zweden
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Långban, Filipstad i Sverige, Värmlands län, Sverige
Portuguese:
Långban, Filipstad, Varmlândia, Suécia


Långban is a mine in Värmland in Sweden. It belongs to Filipstad Municipality, with the nearest city being Filipstad, 21 km south. It was systematically mined through 1711-1972 but has traces from the 15th century.

It has been described as one of the most mineral-rich places in the world. Over 270 different minerals have been identified in the area and more than 60 of these have Långban as type locality. Most mining was done for iron ore and manganese ore, but in total, 300 minerals have been found. After 1950, only dolomite was extracted.

Metamorphosed manganese-iron deposit with extremely complex skarns and pegmatites. Around 300 minerals have been found here, of which 30 minerals have been found only here. See also the related deposits of Jakobsberg, Harstigen, and Sjögruvan.

Note: It is prohibited by Swedish law to collect at certain places in Långban.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

311 valid minerals. 74 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Nysten, P. (2016) Julgoldit och ilvait från Långban. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 20
Adelite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Colour: pale yellowish grey to sulphur yellow
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 781-796
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Fluorescence: No fluorescence
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, p. 90
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1894): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala. 2 (3), 39-74.
Aegirine-augite var. Urbanite (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1894): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala. 2 (3), 39-74.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Description: As inclusions in galena
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. (1986): Koutekit and some other opaque minerals new for Långban, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1986, 59-64
Akrochordite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Flink, G. (1922): Akrochordit, ett nytt mineral från Långbans gruvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 44: 773-776.
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Habit: < 1mm large
Colour: White
Reference: Nysten, P. (1994): Mineralogiska notiser 3: Alamosit, Långban. Långbansnytt. 10.[ reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2, 44]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Description: As microscopic intergrowths with silver and cuprostibite
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. (1986): Koutekit and some other opaque minerals new for Långban, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1986, 59-64; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Allactite
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Reference: Sjögren, A. (1886). Mineralogiska notiser XII. Fynd af allaktit i Långbans grufvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger 8: 473-474 ; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; Gatta, G.D., Bosi, F., Fernandez Diaz, M.T., Hålenius, U. (2016): H-bonding scheme in allactite: a combined single-crystal X-ray and neutron diffraction, optical absorption spectroscopy, FTIR and EPMA-WDS study. Mineralogical Magazine 80, 719-732.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Black
Description: As small black, poorly developed, prismatic crystals in thin pegmatites cutting the Långban ore.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Habit: Red patches up to 5 mm across.
Colour: Red
Description: In hausmannite-bearing dolomite rock
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'α-Vredenburgite' (FRL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Mason, B. (1943): Alpha-vredenburgite. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 65, 263-270
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Description: As myrmekitic intergrowths with galena (Burke 1986).
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. (1986): Koutekit and some other opaque minerals new for Långban, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1986, 59-64; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Aminoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Type Locality:
Description: Fluoresces orange in SW UV-light
Reference: Hurlbut, C. S. (1937): Aminoffite, a new mineral from Långban, Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 59, 290-292 ; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Nysten, P. (2014) Långbanit i amfibolrik matrix, Långban. LångbansNytt, 20: 18
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Greyish-white
Description: Together with dravite in a feltspare rock.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal; Rocks & Min.: 63:456.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: K:Gatedal
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Langban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Mofjell, E. (1990): Aragonit, Långban. Långbansnytt. vol 6. [reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2, 48]
Arakiite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Reference: Roberts, A. C., Grice, J. D., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Feinglos, M. N. (2000) Arakiite, a new Zn-bearing hematolite-like mineral from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record 31, 253-256
Armangite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Type Locality:
Reference: Aminoff & Mauzelius (1920) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 42, 301-309; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1032; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Habit: Masses and veins
Colour: metalic greyish
Description: Together with native lead and löllingite in a banded skarn.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Arseniopleite
Formula: NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenoclasite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: KVA handl.(1931) 9, 52-57; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: No reference listed
'Asbestos hedyphane'
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891) Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar: 13: 781-796.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Gatedal, K. & Hålenius, U. Ett första fynd av baddeleyite (ZrO2) i Långban. LångbansNytt, 17 (1): 27-28
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Barylite (TL)
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Bluish, rarely orange to yellowish, but many shows no UW at all in SW
Description: Often found in tilasite quartz veins(from the hyttsjö granite pegmatites???) Mostly overlooked as feldspar.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 902; Kjell Gatedal; Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1876) 3, 128; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Barysilite
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Langban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Bergslagite (TL)
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Type Locality:
Colour: grey
Reference: Hansen, S., Fälth, L., Petersen, O. V. & Johnson, O. (1984): Bergslagite, a new mineral species from Långban, Sweden: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte:1984, 257-262 ; Hansen, S. , Fälth, L. & Johnsen, O. (1984): Bergslagite , a mineral with tetrahedral berylloarsenate sheet anions. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 160: 73-80; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Berzeliite (TL)
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 19:295, 10:216-217]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Habit: Cubic singel crystals
Colour: Yellow
Fluorescence: No UW
Description: This specimen shows a rich amount of microsize bindheimite crystals in a biotite-(Mn), calcite skarn. Over all bindheimite are not to be found in any greater amount at Långban
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite var. Manganophyllite'
Formula: K(Fe,Mg,Mn)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782, 1021, 1028.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Habit: Grains
Description: Usually together with bornite,chalcosite, wittichenite, chalcopyrite,malacite, azurite, sphalerite and cassiterite in a tremolite diopside assemblage.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Habit: Cubes without any modyfying faces up to 3mm
Reference: Mason, B. (1942): Bixbyite from Långban. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 64: 117-125; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Blatterite
Formula: Sb5+3(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Reference: Cooper, M.A. & Hawthorne, F.C. (1998): The crystal structure of blatterite, Sb5+3(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32, and structural hierarchy in Mn3+-bearing zigzag borates. Canadian Mineralogist, 36:5, 1171-1193.; Handbook of Mineralogy
Blixite (TL)
Formula: Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1958) 2, 411-415; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Flink, G. (1891): Mineralogische Notizen III, 5. Braunit von Langbanshyttan, Meddelanden fran Stockholms Högskola, Vol. 115, pp. 3-9 Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Britvinite (TL)
Formula: [Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society (Zapiski RMO), 136(6), 18-25.
Bromellite (TL)
Formula: BeO
Type Locality:
Reference: Aminoff G (1925) Über berylliumoxyd als mineral und dessen kristallstruktur. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 62, 113-122 ; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1028; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:237; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Langban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm collection inventory nr. 19205516 and 19205487
Carlfrancisite
Formula: Mn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm collection inventory nr. 20180270;
Caryinite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: GFF (1874) 2, 178; MinRec 10:216; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Habit: Bean like grains, > 1mm euhedral crystals
Colour: Brownish black
Description: Together with chalcocite, bornite, sphalerite and sometimes apophyllite in pegmatitic related veins.
Reference: Nysten, P. (1988): Cassiterite from Långban, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 110, 292 Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'Chabazite'
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Clinochlore var. Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Description: Socalled "manganpennin"
Reference: Natural History Museum inventory nr. 20190289
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Clino-ferro-suenoite'
Formula: ◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Samples in NHM, London marked as coming from near the village of Långban, cfr. Reece & Redfern (2004).
Reference: Natural History Museum, London BM40798 and BM1980/280; Reece, J.J. and Redfern, S.A.T. (2004): Influence of metal cation order on magnetic order in manganaogrunerite, (Fe,Mg, Mn)7SiO22(OH)2, a quasi-one-dimensonal chain antiferromagnet. Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 853-858
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Fluorescence: Greenish white
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal Kjell Gatedal
Cyprine
Formula: Ca19Cu2+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10](OH)(OH)9
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Diopside var. Schefferite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Reference: [MinRec 9:113]
Dixenite (TL)
Formula: CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: GFF (1920) 42, 436-439; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ecdemite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1877) 3, 379; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1036; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ericssonite (TL)
Formula: BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos (1971) 4, 137-145; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Ericssonite-2O' (FRL)
Formula: BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos,(1971) 4, 137-145; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Eveite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, 55, 319 (1970); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ferri-winchite ?
Formula: ◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Ferri.winchite has been presented based on testing by Manfred Schaeffer. The test method and result has not been revealed. The material occurs as small yellow-brown aggregates resembling richterite.
Reference: David Hospital specimen tested by Manfred Schaeffer
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Filipstadite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 413-419; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Finnemanite (TL)
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1923): 45, 160; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1039; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Flinkite
Formula: Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm collection inventory nr. 20060922
Fluorcalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
Reference: Welin, E. (1968): Notes on the mineralogy of Sweden 6. X-ray powder diffraction data for minerals from Långban and related mineral deposits of central Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi 4, 499-541. [as roméite]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Fluornatroroméite'
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Sb2(O,OH)6F
Description: Composition of the mineral is (Na1.03Ca0.97)2.00(Sb1.83Fe3+0.17)2.00O5.63F1.37
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010) Ulf Nyberg specimens
'Fluoro-arfvedsonite' ?
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22F2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Fredrikssonite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Habit: Longprismatic, striated.
Colour: Black to brown
Reference: GFF (1983) 105, 335-340; P. Dunn; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Freedite (TL)
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Type Locality:
Habit: Fibrous
Colour: yellow
Reference: Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 845-848; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Gabrielsonite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 401-405; Clark, 1993, 249 - "Hey's Mineral Index - 3rd Edition"; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ganomalite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Habit: Single crystal masses
Colour: Greyish-white
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 49 (1985), 579.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Reference: K:Gatedal
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Gatedalite (TL)
Formula: ZrMn2+2Mn3+4SiO12
Type Locality:
Reference: Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F. (2013) Gatedalite, IMA 2013-091. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3256; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Gedrite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Gonyerite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Habit: Flaky, rosetts
Colour: Golden brown
Reference: Amer.Min.(1955) 40, 1090-1094; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Greenockite ?
Formula: CdS
Reference: Nysten, P. (2014) Franklinit-magnetit med associerade sulfider från Trädgårdsvarpen, Långban. LångbansNytt, 20: 13-14
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Grossular var. Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hancockite
Formula: {CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 995-1018.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1987): 62: 166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782, 857, 927; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: K:Gatedal
Hedyphane (TL)
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Habit: Masses and veins
Colour: Greyish to yellowish to greenish, greasy luster
Reference: Schweigger (1830) J. Chem. Phys.: 60, 310; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857, 902, 1021; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 240; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Langban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers
Hematolite
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hiärneite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D. (1997) Hiärneite, a new, Zr-Sb oxide mineral isostructural with calzirtite, from Långban, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy: 9: 843-848.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hjalmarite (TL)
Formula: {Na}(NaMn}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H. and Karlsson, A. (2017) Hjalmarite, IMA2017-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40,December 2017, page 1579; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581. Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H., Karlsson, A. (2019): Hjalmarite, a new Na–Mn member of the amphibole supergroup, from Mn skarn in the Långban deposit, Värmland, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 565-574.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hyalotekite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Pb,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Type Locality:
Habit: Flaky
Colour: Colorless to white to grey
Reference: GFF (1877) 3, 382; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hydrocerussite (TL)
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschermaks Min. Pet. Mitt. 3 (1953), 298; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Hydrohausmannite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Frondel, C. (1953): New manganese oxides: hydrohausmannite and woodruffite. American Mineralogist 38, 761-769.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Hydroxycalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Description: Composition of the mineral is (Ca1.39Na0.23Mn0.10Pb0.08Bi0.07)1.87(Sb1.64Ti0.25Fe3+0.11)2.00O6.11OH0.89
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010) Ulf Nyberg specimens
Hydroxylhedyphane (TL)
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Karlsson, A. and Bosi, F. (2018) Hydroxylhedyphane, IMA 2018-052. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; Biagioni, C., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Karlsson, A. and Bosi, F. (2019): Hydroxylhedyphane, Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH), a new member of the apatite supergroup from Långban, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 1015 - 1024
Hyttsjöite (TL)
Formula: Pb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 743-753; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Nysten, P. (2014) Sulfider från Anrikningsverksvarpen, Långban. LångbansNytt, 20: 19-20
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Ingersonite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 405-412; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Jacobsite var. Jacobsite-Q
Formula: Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4
Reference: K.Gatedal
'Jacobsite-Magnetite Series'
Reference: Nysten, P. (2014) Jakobsit-iwakiit-hausmannit, Långban. LångbansNytt, 20: 15-17
Jagoite (TL)
Formula: Pb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1957) 2, 315-317; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Joesmithite (TL)
Formula: Pb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Dark Brown
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1968) 36, 876-879; P.B.Moore; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Johnbaumite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Reference: https://www.mikon-online.com/shop/media/mikonAZ.pdf
'Julgoldite'
Description: Euhedral julgoldite and minor ilvaite occurs in radially oriented crystals in an iron skarn ( Nysten 2016)
Reference: Nysten, P. (2016) Julgoldit och ilvait från Långban. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 20
Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Lithos (1971) 4, 93-99; Canadian Mineralogist(1967) 9, 301; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Julgoldite-(Fe3+) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Moore, P.B. (1971): Julgoldite the Fe+2 - Fe+3 dominant pumpellyite. Lithos, 4, 93-99; Passaglia E, Gottardi G (1973) Crystal chemistry and nomenclature of pumpellyites and julgoldites. Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 219-223.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: K:Gatedal
Katoptrite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Koutekite
Formula: Cu5As2
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. (1986): Koutekite and some other opaque minerals new for Långban, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1986, 59-64
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'Lamprophanite'
Reference: Igelström (1866) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar, Öfv.: 23: 93; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Långbanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Reference: Zeits.Krist.Min.(1888) 13, 1-8; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Långbanshyttanite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn2Mg(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NIKITA V. CHUKANOV, IGOR V. PEKOV, ERIK JONSSON, NATALIA V. ZUBKOVA, YAROSLAV E. FILINCHUK, DMITRIY I. BELAKOVSKIY and DMITRY YU. PUSHCHAROVSKY: Långbanshyttanite, a new low-temperature arsenate mineral with a novel structure from Långban, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy (Fast-track article)
Langhofite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(OH)[WO4(OH)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Karlsson, A. (2020) Langhofite, Pb2(OH)[WO4(OH)], a new mineral from Långban, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 84: 381-389.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum, stockholm, inventory nr. 20190472
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Reference: K:Gatedal
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K.Gatedal
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal, Fritz Blatter
Macedonite
Formula: PbTiO3
Habit: Usually psedohexagonal xls
Colour: Brown (pseuohexagonal), yellow (cubic)
Fluorescence: No fluorescence
Description: Nearly always found together with magnetoplumbite-kentrolite-melanotekite, also found in a skarn banded chert and together with vesuvianite-zoisite-titanite-zircon-löllingite-Pb-As-mimetite-cerussite.
Reference: Burke, E.A.J. and C. Kieft (1971) Second occurrence of makedonite [macedonite], PbTiO3, Langban, Sweden. Lithos, 4, 101– 04; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Habit: Hexagonal platy singel crystals
Colour: Brown
Description: Crystals up to 3mm in a dolomite rock,even as platy vein fillings. Might be overlooked as mica due to it's similarety.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Langban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers
Magnetoplumbite (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Reference: Aminoff (1925) GFF vol. 47, 283-289; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Magnussonite (TL)
Formula: Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Euhedral crystal > 1mm
Colour: Bluish green to pale green
Description: 23.16
Reference: Gabrielson, O. (1956): Magnussonite, a new arsenite mineral from the Långban mine, Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi. 2, 133-135; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Manganarsite (TL)
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1986) 71, 1517-1521; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganberzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: American Mineralogist, 53, pp. 316 (1968); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganhumite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Mangani-pargasite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Hålenius, U., Bosi, F., Jonsson, E. (2020) Mangani-pargasite, NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2, a new mineral species of the amphibole supergroup. Periodico di Mineralogia: 89: 125-131.; Hålenius, U., Bosi, F. and Jonsson, E. (2019) Mangani-pargasite, IMA 2018-151. CNMNC Newsletter No. 48, April 2019: 317. Mineralogical Magazine: 83: 315-317.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganohörnesite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Gabrielson, O. (1951) Manganiferous hoernesite and manganese-hoernesite from Långban, Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi, 1 (11): 333-337; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: J. Solid State Chem. 58 (1985), 56; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganostibite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Habit: Bean like grains
Colour: Black, small crystals brown in thin section.
Fluorescence: No UW
Description: Found in thin sections together with manganosite
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Margarosanite
Formula: Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 995-1018.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Melanostibite
Formula: Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm, inventory nr 20200019
Melanotekite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Microcline var. Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Mimetite var. Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: No reference listed
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Description: rich earthy masses with native lead
Reference: Dr. Gunter Grundmann collection, #932.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Molybdophyllite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8O2(CO3)3] · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: GFF (1918) 40, 923-938; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; U. Kolitsch, S. Merlino and D. Holtstam (2012): Molybdophyllite: crystal chemistry, crystal structure, OD character and modular relationships with britvinite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 493-516.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
'Monimolite'
Formula: Pb2Sb5+2O7
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1040; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Nasonite
Formula: Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm collection inventory nr. 19670911
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Reference: No reference listed
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Sundius, N. and Blix, R. (1965) Norsethite from Långban. Arkiv. Mineral. Geol. 4: 277–278.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Holtstam, D. and Langhof, J. (eds.) (1999) Långban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers. Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, 216 pp. (pp. 89-183).
Olmiite
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:456; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: K:Gatedal
Orthopinakiolite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 551-555; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Oxycalcioroméite
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Reference: Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 69: 995-1018; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 69: 995-1018; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Description: A darkred cherry-red manganian (Mn3+) plumbian pargasite was described by Jonsson & Hålenius (2010).
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; Jonsson, E. & Hålenius, U. (2010): Mn3+ bearing pargasite from the Långban Fe-Mn oxide mineralisation, Bergslagen, Sweden. GFF 132, 167-172; Hålenius, U. & Bosi, F. (2012): Cation ordering in Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist 97, 1635-1640.
Parwelite (TL)
Formula: Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Type Locality:
Description: 10 specimens acquired listed in the database of Riksmusset in Stockholm + a couple of others in priavte collections.
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1969) 4, 467-472; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Paulmooreite (TL)
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Type Locality:
Reference: Araki, T. , Moore, P.B. and Brunton, G.D. (1980). "The crystal structure of paulmooreite Pb2(As2O5): dimeric arsenite groups." American Mineralogist, 65(3/4), 340-345; Am. Min. (1979) 64, 352-354; Rocks & Min.: 63:228; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:242; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: No reference listed
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Perite (TL)
Formula: PbBiClO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 565-570; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Philolithite (TL)
Formula: Pb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineral.Rec.(1997) 28, 55; Mineral.Rec.(1998) 29; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
'Picrotephroite'
Reference: No reference listed
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pinakiolite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Zeits.Krist.Min.(1890) 18, 361-365; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 325; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pinakiolite var. Sb-rich pinakiolite
Formula: Mg1.90Mn0.91Sb0.19O2BO3
Reference: Hansen, S., U. Hålenius, and B. Lindqvist (1988) Antimony-rich pinakiolite from Långban, Sweden: a new structural variety. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 231–239
Plumbonacrite
Formula: Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Reference: S. Krivovichev (unpublished data)
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:242.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Nysten, P. (2013) En silverik paragenes från Långban. LångbansNytt. 19 (1): 15-16
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyroaurite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 26 (1941); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Pyroaurite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Progr.Abstr.Min.Soc.Amer.(1940) p. 6; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrobelonite (TL)
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Longprismatic
Colour: Deep red
Description: Crystals of Pyrobelonite are exremely rare.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1919): 41, 433; Mineralogical Record: 14: 203; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 927; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Natural History Museum, Stockholm collection inventory nr. 19205786
Quenselite (TL)
Formula: PbMnO2(OH)
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Dark Brown
Reference: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 134, 321 (1971); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Quintinite-2H'
Habit: Hexagonal crystals up to 3 mm, forming aggregates up to 10-15mm with a high reflectance.
Colour: Beige to white
Description: Found by Urban Strand in an assemblage called "kataspilite" by Igelström (1867), distinct grey aggregates in a dark rock. Later showed to be a mixture of cordierite and scpolite group minerals (Törnebohm 1882). Quintinite-2H is found in cracks in this rock.
Reference: Strand, U. (2016) Quintinit-2H, ett nytt mineral för Långban. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 21-23
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Richterite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1865): Mineralogische Studien. 25. Ricterit. 32 Scheffferit. Berg- und Huettenmænnische Zeitung. 24, 364-364; American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 518; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Richterite var. Astochite
Formula: {Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 2. Astochit, en ny led af amfibolgruppen. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13, 604-607.
Richterite var. Marmairolite
Formula: {Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: An obsolete name for a Långban variety of richterite.
Reference: Holst, N.O. (1875): Matricit och marmairolite, tvänne nya mineralier från Värmland. GFF 2, 527-531
Roeblingite
Formula: Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Habit: singel crystals
Colour: Brown to yellow
Fluorescence: No fluorescence
Description: Romeite are a more common mineral at Långban than thought due to it's fine grained nature. Found together with tilasite, hedyphane and all the rare Be minerals, also found in pegmatite together with tourmaline.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021; Kjell Gatedal. Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 995-1018.
'Roméite Group var. Atopite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2Sb2(O,F,OH)7
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021.
'Roméite Group var. Mauzeliite'
Formula: (Pb,Ca,Na)2(Sb,Ti)2(O,OH,F)7
Reference: No reference listed
'Roméite Group var. Weslienite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021.
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Burke, E. A. J., & Kieft, C. (1980). Roquesite and Cu-In-bearing sphalerite from Långban, Bergslagen, Sweden. The Canadian Mineralogist, 18(3), 361-363.
Rouseite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1986) 71, 1034-1036; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Sahlinite (TL)
Formula: Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
Type Locality:
Reference: Aminoff (1934) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 56: 493-494; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Scapolite'
Reference: A. Christy - Kjell Gatedal; Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 995-1018.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Habit: Grains
Colour: Black
Description: Occurres together with hematite in a richterite filled fissures in a vulcanite.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H., Karlsson, A. (2019): Hjalmarite, a new Na–Mn member of the amphibole supergroup, from Mn skarn in the Långban deposit, Värmland, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 565-574.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Sjögren, A. (1886). Mineralogiska notiser XII. Fynd af allaktit i Långbans grufvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger 8: 473-474
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Burke, E. A. J., & Kieft, C. (1980). Roquesite and Cu-In-bearing sphalerite from Långban, Bergslagen, Sweden. The Canadian Mineralogist, 18(3), 361-363.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Stenhuggarite (TL)
Formula: CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Moore, P.B. (1970) Stenhuggarite, a new mineral from Långban and new data on magnussonite. Arkiv Mineral. Geol., 5(6), 55–62; Amer. Mineral. (1971) 56, 636–637 (abs.). Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Description: Only to be seen in polished sections
Reference: K.Gatedal
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: Very rare at Långban.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ;
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. , K:Gatedal
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sundiusite (TL)
Formula: Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P. J. and Rouse, R. S. (1980): Sundiusite, a new lead sulfate oxychloride from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist 65, 506-508.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Svabite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3F
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 900; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; K. Gatedal
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Svanbergite has never been found at Långban
Reference: K.Gatedal
Sverigeite (TL)
Formula: NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: GFF,(1984) 106, 175-177; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Swedenborgite (TL)
Formula: NaBe4Sb5+O7
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min. (1924): 60, 262; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1028; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Synadelphite
Formula: Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Description: Along joint planes in dolomite.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Takéuchiite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1980) 65, 1130-1133; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Taramellite
Formula: Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tegengrenite
Formula: (Mn3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mg2O4
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Tetrawickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Habit: Pseudocubic crystals with truncated corners or as crystals with pseudooctaedral habit. Some crystals are slightly deformed and rounded and may appera nearly rhombic in appearance
Colour: Bright yellow
Description: Tungstenian
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1978): Tungstenian tetrawickmanite from Långban, Sweden. Mineralogical record.9, 41; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Tilasite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1895): Preliminära meddelanden om några undersökningar på svenska mineral. 4. Tilasit eller fluor-adelit från Långban. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 17, 291-294; Rocks & Min.: 60:243; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: K.Gatedal
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Strand, Urban & Österberg,Örjan (2015) Todorokitt, ett nytt mineral för Långban, Långbansnytt Vol. 21, No,1, p14.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: K.Gatedal
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Trigonite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
Type Locality:
Description: 23.12
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1920) 42, 436; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1033; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Trimerite
Formula: CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Turneaureite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Petersen, E. U., Peacor D. R. (1985) Turneaureite, a new member of the apatite group from Franklin, New Jersey, Balmat, New York and Långban, Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23: 251-254
'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn (Also known as Mineral D)'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Fe3+,Al)15(AsO3)(AsO4)2(OH)23
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R. (1983): A ferric iron equivalent of hematolite from Sterling Hill, New Jersey and Långban, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 381-385; in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Langley, R.H., Kissin, S.A., Shigley, J.A., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 814
'UM1986-05-AsO:HMn'
Formula: Mn3As2O4(OH)4
Reference: Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Wicks, F.J. (1986): Arsenites related to layer silicates: Manganarsite, the arsenite analogue of manganpyrosmalite and unnamed analogues of friedelite and schallerite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist: 71: 1517-1521
'UM1986-06-AsO:HMn'
Formula: Mn3As2O4(OH)4
Reference: Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Wicks, F.J. (1986): Arsenites related to layer silicates: Manganarsite, the arsenite analogue of manganpyrosmalite and unnamed analogues of friedelite and schallerite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist: 71: 1517-1521
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: K.Gatedal
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Colour: White
Description: As mm grains in feltspare veins
Reference: K.Gatedal
Vargite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Mn3(AsO4)2(OH)4(H2O)4
Type Locality:
Reference: te: Langhof, J., Bindi, L., Karlsson, A., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E.: Vargite, IMA 2020-051, in: CNMNC Newsletter 58, Eur. J. Mineral., 32, https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-32-645-2020, 2020.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Welinite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 407-411; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Welshite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 129-132; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wermlandite (TL)
Formula: Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos,(1971) 4, 213-217; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wickmanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 395-399; MinRec: 4:27, 13:238; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wiklundite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Langhof,J., Hålenius,U. and Holtstam,D.(2015) Wiklundite, IMA2015-057.CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1227; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236; Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Langhof, J., Hålenius, U., Holtstam, D. (2017): Wiklundite, ideally Pb2[4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 81, 841-855.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:243; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Gatedal, K. (2014) Wollastonit och margarosanit från Långban och Jakobsberg. LångbansNytt, 20:20-21
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Zenzénite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Fe3+4Mn4+3O15
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1991) 29, 347-354; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprostibite2.AA.20Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite ?2.CB.45CdS
Koutekite2.AA.10dCu5As2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nisbite2.EB.15aNiSb2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Blixite (TL)3.DC.50Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Ecdemite (TL)3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Perite (TL)3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Armangite (TL)4.JB.20Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Bromellite (TL)4.AB.20BeO
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Filipstadite (TL)4.BB.05(Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Finnemanite (TL)4.JB.45Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Freedite (TL)4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hiärneite (TL)4.DL.10(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ingersonite (TL)4.DH.40Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
var. Jacobsite-Q4.BB.05Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Macedonite4.CC.35PbTiO3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetoplumbite (TL)4.CC.45(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Magnussonite (TL)4.JB.15Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Manganarsite (TL)4.JB.10Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite4.AB.25MnO
Manganostibite4.BA.10(Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Melanostibite4.CB.05Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
'Monimolite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb5+2O7
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Paulmooreite (TL)4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Quenselite (TL)4.FE.30PbMnO2(OH)
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var. Atopite'4.DH.(Ca,Na)2Sb2(O,F,OH)7
'var. Mauzeliite'4.DH.(Pb,Ca,Na)2(Sb,Ti)2(O,OH,F)7
'var. Weslienite'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rouseite (TL)4.JC.15Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stenhuggarite (TL)4.JB.35CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
Swedenborgite (TL)4.AC.05NaBe4Sb5+O7
Tegengrenite4.BB.20(Mn3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mg2O4
Tetrawickmanite4.FC.15Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Trigonite (TL)4.JB.40Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var. Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wickmanite (TL)4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Zenzénite (TL)4.CC.55Pb3Fe3+4Mn4+3O15
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite (TL)5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Philolithite (TL)5.BF.35Pb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4
Plumbonacrite5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Pyroaurite (TL)5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyroaurite-2H' (TL)5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Blatterite6.AB.40Sb5+3(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Fredrikssonite (TL)6.AB.30Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Orthopinakiolite (TL)6.AB.40(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Pinakiolite (TL)6.AB.35(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
var. Sb-rich pinakiolite6.AB.35Mg1.90Mn0.91Sb0.19O2BO3
Takéuchiite (TL)6.AB.40(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Sundiusite (TL)7.BD.70Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wermlandite (TL)7.DD.35Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adelite (TL)8.BH.35CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Akrochordite (TL)8.DD.10(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Allactite8.BE.30Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Arakiite (TL)8.BE.45(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Arseniopleite8.AC.10NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Arsenoclasite (TL)8.BD.10Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Bergslagite (TL)8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite (TL)8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Carlfrancisite8.BE.45Mn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42
Caryinite (TL)8.AC.10(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Dixenite (TL)8.BE.45CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Eveite (TL)8.BB.30Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Flinkite8.BE.30Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gabrielsonite (TL)8.BH.35PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Hedyphane (TL)8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Hematolite8.BE.45(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Johnbaumite8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Manganohörnesite (TL)8.CE.40Mn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var. Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Parwelite (TL)8.BD.15Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Pyrobelonite (TL)8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Sahlinite (TL)8.BO.20Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Svabite8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3F
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Synadelphite8.BE.50Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Tilasite (TL)8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Turneaureite (TL)8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var. Urbanite (TL)9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Alamosite9.DO.20PbSiO3
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alleghanyite9.AF.45Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Aminoffite (TL)9.BH.05Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barylite (TL)9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Barysilite9.BC.20Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britvinite (TL)9.EG.70[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var. Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine9.BG.35Ca19Cu2+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10](OH)(OH)9
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var. Schefferite9.DA.15(Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ericssonite (TL)9.BE.25BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
'Ericssonite-2O' (TL)9.BE.25BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ferri-winchite ?9.DE.20◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Ganomalite (TL)9.BG.25Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Ganophyllite9.EG.30(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Gedrite9.DD.05◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gonyerite (TL)9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Hancockite9.BG.05a{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hyalotekite (TL)9.CH.05(Ba,Pb,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Hyttsjöite (TL)9.EG.60Pb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jagoite (TL)9.EG.50Pb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6
Joesmithite (TL)9.DE.10Pb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (TL)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+) (TL)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katoptrite9.AE.40(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Långbanite (TL)9.AG.10Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Manganhumite9.AF.50(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Margarosanite9.CA.25Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Melanotekite (TL)9.BE.80Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var. Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Molybdophyllite (TL)9.HH.25Pb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8O2(CO3)3] · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nasonite9.BE.77Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Olmiite9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Potassic-richterite9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Richterite (TL)9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var. Astochite9.DE.20{Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var. Marmairolite9.DE.20{Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roeblingite9.CB.05Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sonolite9.AF.55Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sverigeite (TL)9.AE.15NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taramellite9.CE.20Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trimerite9.AB.05CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Welinite (TL)9.AF.75Mn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Welshite (TL)9.DH.40Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos hedyphane'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'var. Manganophyllite'-K(Fe,Mg,Mn)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Clino-ferro-suenoite'-◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Fluornatroroméite'-(Na,Ca)2Sb2(O,OH)6F
'Fluoro-arfvedsonite' ?-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22F2
Gatedalite (TL)-ZrMn2+2Mn3+4SiO12
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Hjalmarite (TL)-{Na}(NaMn}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
'Hydrohausmannite' (TL)-
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxylhedyphane (TL)-Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH)
'Jacobsite-Magnetite Series'-
'Julgoldite'-
'Lamprophanite'-
Langhofite (TL)-Pb2(OH)[WO4(OH)]
Långbanshyttanite (TL)-Pb2Mn2Mg(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Mangani-pargasite (TL)-NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Oxycalcioroméite-Ca2Sb2O6O
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Picrotephroite'-
'Quintinite-2H'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn (Also known as Mineral D)'-(Mn,Mg,Fe3+,Al)15(AsO3)(AsO4)2(OH)23
'UM1986-05-AsO:HMn'-Mn3As2O4(OH)4
'UM1986-06-AsO:HMn'-Mn3As2O4(OH)4
Vargite (TL)-Cu2Mn3(AsO4)2(OH)4(H2O)4
Wiklundite (TL)-Pb2(Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6
'α-Vredenburgite' (TL)-(Mn,Fe)3O4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stibarsen1.3.1.3AsSb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Koutekite2.3.1.1Cu5As2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Cuprostibite2.4.11.1Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite ?2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Roquesite2.9.1.4CuInS2
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nisbite2.12.2.13NiSb2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Bromellite (TL)4.2.2.2BeO
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Manganosite4.2.1.3MnO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Macedonite4.3.6.1PbTiO3
Melanostibite4.3.5.5Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Tetrawickmanite6.3.7.2Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Wickmanite (TL)6.3.6.1Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Miscellaneous
Quenselite (TL)6.4.1.2PbMnO2(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Filipstadite (TL)7.2.13.1(Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
var. Jacobsite-Q7.2.6.2Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Magnetoplumbite (TL)7.4.2.1(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Zenzénite (TL)7.5.4.1Pb3Fe3+4Mn4+3O15
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB21O38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Blixite (TL)10.2.4.1Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Nadorite10.2.5.2PbSbClO2
Perite (TL)10.2.5.1PbBiClO2
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Mendipite10.3.1.1Pb3Cl2O2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite (TL)16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Plumbonacrite16a.5.1.1Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Pyroaurite (TL)16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyroaurite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Brugnatellite16b.7.5.1Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Blatterite24.2.7.1Sb5+3(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Fredrikssonite (TL)24.2.1.6Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Orthopinakiolite (TL)24.2.5.1(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Pinakiolite (TL)24.2.4.1(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Takéuchiite (TL)24.2.6.1(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Sundiusite (TL)30.1.1.1Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wermlandite (TL)31.3.2.1Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Arseniopleite38.2.2.2NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Berzeliite (TL)38.2.1.1(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Caryinite (TL)38.2.2.1(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
AXO4
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Manganohörnesite (TL)40.3.7.2Mn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Sahlinite (TL)41.1.4.1Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
(AB)7(XO4)2Zq
Allactite41.2.1.1Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Flinkite41.3.3.1Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Arsenoclasite (TL)41.4.1.1Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Adelite (TL)41.5.1.1CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Bergslagite (TL)41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Gabrielsonite (TL)41.5.1.5PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Pyrobelonite (TL)41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Tilasite (TL)41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Eveite (TL)41.6.6.4Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane (TL)41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Johnbaumite41.8.3.3Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Svabite41.8.3.1Ca5(AsO4)3F
Turneaureite (TL)41.8.3.2Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Akrochordite (TL)42.4.1.1(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Carlfrancisite43.4.9.3Mn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42
Hematolite43.4.6.1(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Synadelphite43.5.12.1Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Ingersonite (TL)44.1.2.1Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
'Monimolite'44.1.1.4Pb2Sb5+2O7
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Miscellaneous
Katoptrite44.3.5.1(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Långbanite (TL)44.3.4.1Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Manganostibite44.3.2.1(Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Parwelite (TL)44.3.3.1Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Swedenborgite (TL)44.3.1.1NaBe4Sb5+O7
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Paulmooreite (TL)45.1.8.1Pb2[As2O5]
Rouseite (TL)45.1.2.2Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Trigonite (TL)45.1.2.1Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Finnemanite (TL)46.1.1.1Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Freedite (TL)46.1.5.1Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Magnussonite (TL)46.1.6.1Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Stenhuggarite (TL)46.1.4.1CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
Miscellaneous
Armangite (TL)46.2.7.1Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Dixenite (TL)46.2.8.1CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Ecdemite (TL)46.2.1.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Manganarsite (TL)46.2.6.1Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] as well as >[4]
Sverigeite (TL)51.2.2.1NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Trimerite51.2.1.1CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Alleghanyite52.3.2b.1Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Manganhumite52.3.2c.3(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Sonolite52.3.2d.3Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Welinite (TL)52.4.1.2Mn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite (TL)55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Barysilite55.2.3.1Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ericssonite (TL)56.2.6c.3BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
'Ericssonite-2O' (FRL)56.2.6c.5BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kentrolite56.2.10.2Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Melanotekite (TL)56.2.10.1Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Nasonite56.2.11.1Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Aminoffite (TL)57.1.1.1Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hancockite58.2.1a.8{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (TL)58.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+) (TL)58.2.2.2Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2O
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Margarosanite59.1.2.2Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 3-membered rings with other anion groups
Roeblingite64.2.2.1Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 4-membered rings with [Si2O7] dimers
Taramellite64.3.1.1Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P > 7
Alamosite65.7.1.1PbSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5◻{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Joesmithite (TL)66.1.4.1Pb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Richterite (TL)66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Welshite (TL)69.2.1a.7Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Kinoshitalite71.2.2c.5(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite (TL)71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings