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Empire Mining District, Empire Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Empire Mining DistrictMining District
Empire MtsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° North , 110° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~61km
Locality type:


A Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag-Au-Mo-W-V mining area located in T17-18S, R17E, G&SRM, in the Empire Mountains, about 20 miles East of Tucson. Adjoined on the West by the Helvetia-Rosemont District. It extends from Davidson CAnyon eastward to Cienega Creek, 7 miles distant. The district contains 6 mining camps - the California, Montana, Lavery, Total Wreck, Copper or Hilton, and Prospect.

The dominant topographic feature in the district consists of the Empire Mountains, which form an outlier of the Santa Rita Range.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Replacement deposits of partly oxidized Pb-Zn-Cu minerals in Permian limestone and shale and in Cretaceous sedimentary formations, localized largely in badly faulted and overthrusted blocks and associated with strong faults and fissures. Some rhyolitic and dioritic dikes; (2) Contact metamorphic deposits of copper, tungsten and minor lead and molybdenum along the contact of Paleozoic limestone and Laramide intrusive; and, (3) Weak base metal sulfides along fissure veins in Laramide intrusive and Paleozoic quartzite.

Workings include numerous mines and prospects, mostly relatively shallow. Worked sporadically from about 1880 through 1964. Produced some 34,500 tons of ore containing about 172 tons of copper, 8,335 tons of lead, 258 tons of zinc, 740 oz. of gold, 206,400 oz. of silver and 76 tons of molybdenum.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities:
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities:
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities:
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039625, MRDS ID #M050521.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 225.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Hornblende'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039625, MRDS ID #M050521.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs as phenocrysts in a diorite porphyry dike.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 283; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 92.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Microcrystalline masses and as complete pseudomorphic replacements of wulfenite crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70; Rocks & Min.: 65: 29.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 118 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1941): 36; Dale, et al (1960): 107-109; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Agate
Colour: Blue & white banded
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 348.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 348.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Fortification Agate
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Blue & white banded
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 348.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 118 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1941), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 148: 36; Dale, et al (1960): 107-109; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039625, MRDS ID #M050521.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 158.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 119 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262, 411; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Schrader & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582; Wilson, E.D. (1951): 52-53; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 64, 73; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 53; Schrader & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 147; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Wad'
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 53.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039595, MRDS ID #M050392.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Fortification Agate4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Fortification Agate-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O PlattneritePbO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Fortification Agate)SiO2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Fortification Agate)SiO2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MiniumPb3O4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 46.
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 141-152.
Schrader, F.C. (1917) The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona: Economic Geology, v. 12, no. 3, p. 237-269.
Galbraith, F.W. (1940) Gypsum: Arizona Bureau of Mines Circular 5, 6 p.
Wilson, E.D. (1941), Tungsten Deposits of Arizona, Geological Series No. 14, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 148.
Galbraith (1949).
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 49-56.
Finnell, T.L. (1971), Preliminary Geologic Map of the Empire Mts quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona, USGS Open-file Report.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 117 (Table 4).

Localities in this Region


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