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Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District), Mashonaland West, Zimbabwei
Regional Level Types
Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)District
Mashonaland WestProvince
ZimbabweCountry

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Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:District
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Karoi25,030 (2015)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

45 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Occur as large crystals up to 5cm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 30
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
'Apatite'
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Description: Mined from pegmatites in this area.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 74.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town SA
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Green
Reference: E.E. Ford et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1986, 109, pp. 331-336.; Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 97.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Van King specimen
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Van King specimen
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Foord, E.E.; Taggert jr., J.E.; Gaines, R.V.; Grubb, P. L.C & Kristiansen, R. (1986): Zimbabweite, a new alkali-lead-arsenic tantalate from St. Anns mine, Karoi District, Zimbabwe. Bulletin Minéralogie, 109: 331-336
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
'Lepidolite'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gemstones, Arthur Thomas, 2008, p.147
Prismatine
Formula: (◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 51.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Extra Lapis English 14:58-59
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Werdingite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Reference: MinMag 61:713 (1997)
Zimbabweite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Type Locality:
Reference: Foord, E.E.; Taggert jr., J.E.; Gaines, R.V.; Grubb, P. L.C & Kristiansen, R. (1986): Zimbabweite, a new alkali-lead-arsenic tantalate from St. Anns mine, Karoi District, Zimbabwe. Bulletin Minéralogie, 109: 331-336
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zimbabweite (TL)4.JA.40(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prismatine9.BJ.50(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Werdingite9.BD.35(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
Miscellaneous
Zimbabweite (TL)8.7.10.1(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Werdingite56.3.2.1(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Prismatine-(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
OOxygen
O Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O UraniniteUO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
F Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
NaSodium
Na Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Fe Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
AsArsenic
As Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TaTantalum
Ta Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
PbLead
Pb Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

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Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 73.

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