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Bölet Manganese Mines, Undenäs, Karlsborg, Västra Götaland County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Bölet Manganese MinesGroup of Mines
Undenäs- not defined -
KarlsborgMunicipality
Västra Götaland CountyCounty
SwedenCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° North , 14° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~1km
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Name(s) in local language(s):
Bölet mangangruvor, Undenäs, Karlsborg, Västergötland, Sverige


Manganese mines, active from the 1680s to 1946.
The mining area comprises of 76 larger holes belonging to 49 different mines, among the more prominent are Stora Alegruvan, Stora Vivet Mine, Lilla Vivet Mine, Storgruvan, Ulrikagruvan and Vretgruvan.
According to Tegengren (1924) it seems that the vanadinite and edingtonite were only found in Vretgruvan.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

12 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Fluoresces pink under short-wave UV-light
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Fluoresces orange under short-wave UV-light
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Description: Masses of a pale pinkish claymineral filling the voids between manganite have been labelled as corrensite. However Ljunggren (1958) analyzed the material by XRD and showed that it consisted of a mixture of rhodochrosite and montmorillionite.
Reference: Ljunggren, P. (1958): Origin of the manganese ore deposit of Bölet, southern Sweden. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets i Lund Förhandlingar, 28, nr 10. ( cited in: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38)
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: GFF 17, 597
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: GFF 4, 209; Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
'Wad'

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Corrensite ?9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Corrensite ?71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O BaryteBaSO4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
BaBarium
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tegengren, F. (1924): Sveriges ädlare malmer och bergverk. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie Ca 17, 406 p (p.360-363)
Ljunggren, P. (1958): Origin of the manganese ore deposit of Bölet, southern Sweden. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets i Lund Förhandlingar, 28, nr 10.
Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
Th. Nordström (1879) Om Bölets brunstensgrufvor i Undenäs socken af Skaraborgs län, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 4:8, 217-222, doi:10.1080/11035897909446255

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