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Bastnäs Mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 49' 0'' North , 15° 32' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.81667,15.55000
GeoHash:G#: u6eh3c71m
Other regions containing this locality:Scandinavia
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Bastnäs Mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskattebergs kommun, Västmanland, Sverige

Iron, copper, and REE mines first mentioned in 1692. The elements cerium and lanthanum were discovered in minerals from Bastnäs. Mining during the period 1875-1888 produced 4,500 tons of cerium ore (mainly Cerite-(Ce) and ferriallanite-(Ce)).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

69 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

1600 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3185452
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

1600 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3133452
Proterozoic I meta-rhyolite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-rhyolite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

1800 - 2050 Ma

ID: 2631869

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Bergslagen lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Rhyolite, dacite, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brandt, G. (1746) Rön och anmärkningar angående en synnerlig färg-kobolt. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1746, 119-130.
Hisinger, W. and Berzelius, J.J. (1804) Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Hisinger, W. and Berzelius, J.J. (1804) Cerium: ein neuer Metall aus einer Schwedischen Steinart, Bastnäs Tungstein gennant. Neues Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 2: 397-418.
Klaproth, M.H. (1807) Chemische Untersuchung des Cerits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Vierter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 140-152.
Hisinger, W. (1838) Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2. Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891.
Haidinger, W. (1845) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie, enthaltend die Terminologie, Systematik, Nomenklatur und Charakteristik der Naturgeschichte des Mineralreiches. Vienna: Braumüller und Seidel, 630p.
Geijer, P. (1920) The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 1-24.
Holtstam, D. (2002) Cobaltkieserite, CoSO4·H2O, a new mineral species from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 124: 117-119.
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B., and Mansfeld, J. (2003) Ferriallanite-(Ce) from the Bastnäs deposit, Västmanland, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist, 41: 1233-1240.
Holtstam, D., Norrestam, R., and Andersson, U.B. (2003) Percleveite-(Ce) - a new lanthanide disilicate mineral from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, 15, 725-731.
Andersson, U.B. (ed) (2004) The Bastnäs type REE-mineralizations in northwestern Bergslagen, Sweden- a summary with geological background and excursion guide. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Rapporter och meddelanden 119, 34p.
Holtstam, D., Grins, J., and Nysten, P. (2004) Håleniusite-(La) from the Bastnäs deposit, Västmanland, Sweden: A new REE oxyfluoride mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist, 42(4): 1097-1103.
Öhman, L., Nysten, P., and Langhof, J. (2004) Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3): 187-200.
Öhman, L., Nysten, P., and Langhof, J. (2005) Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38.
Holtstam, D. and Andersson, U.B. (2007) The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1073-1114.

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