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Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden

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Key
Lock Map
Section of the pegmatite wall

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
ASM sign at entrance of mine

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
View at ground level towards the left wall from the entrance

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
Section of the pegmatite wall

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
ASM sign at entrance of mine

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
View at ground level towards the left wall from the entrance

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
Section of the pegmatite wall

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
ASM sign at entrance of mine

Ytterby, Resarö, Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 25' 36'' North , 18° 21' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.42667,18.35333
GeoHash:G#: u6t41dk3r
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Quartz quarry active from the 17th century, later feldspar quarry, in granite pegmatite. Most of the rare earth elements were discovered in gadolinite from Ytterby. Has given name to Ytterbium, Yttrium, Terbium, Erbium. Other elements discovered here: Gadolinium, Holmium, Thulium, Scandium, Lutetium, Tantalum.

NB: Prohibited to collect at this historical site by Swedish law since middle of the 1970s!

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,024 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


39 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
'Anderbergite'
Formula: (Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
'Arrhenite'
Formula: (Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Reference: No reference listed
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 1
'Biotite'
Reference: Langhof, J. (1996): Thortveitite from granitic NYF pegmatites in Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger 118, A54
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Riksmuseet Stockholm specimen
Fergusonite-(Y)-β
Formula: YNbO4
Habit: (pseudo)tetragonal bipyramidal
Colour: brown in different hues (yellow-red-dark)
Description: typical "dogtooth" crystals growing in feldspar perpendicular to large biotite-sheets
Reference: in the exhibition of Riksmuseet Stockholm
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Jonsson, E. (1993): Om ytterbyapatiten. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 3 (6), 12
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Formanite-(Y)
Formula: YTaO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Gadolinite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Am Min 59 (1974), 700
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Keiviite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Si2O7
Description: After fergusonite-(Y).
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1987) 18 (5), 359-368
Kimuraite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Lanthanite'
Lokkaite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: No reference listed
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Polycrase-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Langhof, J. (1996): Thortveitite from granitic NYF pegmatites in Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger 118, A54
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 1
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Kjellman et al. 1999, Canadian Mineralogist vol.37, 832-3
Tanteuxenite-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Tengerite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 710; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 275.
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Habit: sprays up to 1 cm
Colour: Greyish-green
Description: One single specimen reported found on the dumps. Association between pyrite crystals between flakes of biotite
Reference: Langhof, J. (1996): Thortveitite from granitic NYF pegmatites in Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger 118, A54
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Kjellman et al. 1999, Canadian Mineralogist vol.37, 832-3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 690.
'Yftisite-(Y)'
Formula: (Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
Description: After fergusonit-(Y).
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1987) 18 (5), 359-368
Yttrotantalite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 2:137-138]; Ekeberg, KVA 1802, 68-83.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: No reference listed
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chrysoberyl'4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β4.DG.10YNbO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Polycrase-(Y) ?4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tanteuxenite-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Yttrotantalite-(Y) (TL)4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Kimuraite-(Y)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Lokkaite-(Y)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Tengerite-(Y) (TL)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Formanite-(Y)7.GA.10YTaO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Bertrandite'9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y) (TL)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Keiviite-(Y)9.BC.05Y2Si2O7
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Yftisite-(Y)9.AG.25(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Anderbergite'-(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
'Apatite'-
'Arrhenite'-(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Lanthanite-
Monazite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β8.1.2.1YNbO4
Formanite-(Y)8.1.1.2YTaO4
Yttrotantalite-(Y) (TL)8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
AB2O6
Polycrase-(Y) ?8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)8.3.8.3Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Kimuraite-(Y)15.4.5.1Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Lokkaite-(Y)15.4.4.1Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Tengerite-(Y) (TL)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
'Yftisite-(Y)'52.4.4.3(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y) (TL)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Keiviite-(Y)55.2.1a.2Y2Si2O7
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Anderbergite'-(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
'Apatite'-
'Arrhenite'-(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lanthanite'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Monazite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Anderbergite(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
H Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
C Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Anderbergite(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
O Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
O Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
O Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O UraniniteUO2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Anderbergite(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
Si Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Anderbergite(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
Ca Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Ca Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
YYttrium
Y Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
Y Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
Y Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Y Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
Y Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
ZrZirconium
Zr Anderbergite(Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
Zr Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)-βYNbO4
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nb Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
NdNeodymium
Nd Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Nd Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
GdGadolinium
Gd Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
DyDysprosium
Dy Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Dy Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
ErErbium
Er Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Er Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
TaTantalum
Ta Arrhenite(Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Ta Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
Ta Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ta Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3148215
Proterozoic I granodiorite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granodiorite}, Minor{tonalite,granite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2630997

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Bergslagen lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Granitoid and subordinate syenitoid, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Geijer (1788): Vom Hrn Berm Geijer in Stochkholm. Chemische Annalen [Crell's Annalen] für die Freunde der Naturlehre, Arzneygelahrtheit, Haushaltungskunst und Manufacturen. Erster Band 1788 [First Volume], p. 229-230.[First note of the discovery of gadolinite at Ytterby]
Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Chemische Untersuchung des Gadolinits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 52-79.
Nordenskiöld, I. (1908): Der Pegmatit von Ytterby. Bull. Geol. Inst., Univ. Upsala 9, 183-228.
Mason, B. (1971): Ytterby, Sweden: a classic mineral locality, Mineralogical Record, 2(3), 136-138.
Jonsson, E. (1993): Om ytterbyapatiten. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 3 (6), 12
Miyawaki, Ritsuro, Kuriyama, Junko, and Naki, Izumi, 1993, The redefinition of tengerite- (Y) , Y2(CO3)3.2-3H2O, and its crystal structure, American Mineralogist, 78: 425-432.
Langhof, J. (1996): Thortveitite from granitic NYF pegmatites in Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger 118, A54
Kjellman et al. (1999): Diversified NYF pegmatite populations of the Swedish Proterozoic: outline of a comparative study, Canadian Mineralogist 37, 832-833.

External Links



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