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Utö Mines, Utö, Haninge, Stockholm County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Utö MinesGroup of Mines
Utö- not defined -
HaningeMunicipality
Stockholm CountyCounty
SwedenCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 57' 57'' North , 18° 19' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Muskö271 (2017)11.6km
Årsta Havsbad389 (2017)16.1km
Dalarö1,849 (2017)19.1km
Landfjärden277 (2017)21.2km
Nynäshamn14,532 (2017)23.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Utö gruvor, Utö, Södermanland, Sverige


A classical locality.
Several granitic proterozoic pegmatite dikes transect the rocks of the northern part of the Utö Island. Some of these can be classified as LCT pegmatites of the petalite subtype. 2 famous classical LCT pegmatite bodies - the first ones to be recognized as lithium pegmatites - transect a sequence of rhyolitic metatuffites, skarns and BIF in old iron mines. These 2 LCT pegmatites are the type locality for 4 species: spodumene, petalite, tantalite-(Mn) and holmquistite. The element lithium was also discovered in petalite from Utö.
The iron mines were opened in the 12th century and closed down in 1878. Minor silver mining took place also during the 17th century.
The pegmatites were best exposed in the open pit of the Nyköpingsgruvan mine. Today pegmatite material can best be found on the several dumps from the iron mines. Beside minerals from the primary phases like microcline, albite, petalite, spodumene etc, also interesting late-stage paragenesis minerals (beryllosilicates and others) can be found in small cavities, cracks and fracture infillings in the material found on the dumps.

NB: Swedish "Ö"= Island.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion
Södermanland Province, SwedenProvince (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

86 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Colour: colorless
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Colour: white, pale red, blue
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
'Apophyllite'
Description: First descripbed by Andrada (1800) as Ichthyophthalm
Reference: d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Bavenit från Utö. Stuffen Varpen. (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1 (nr 1) p. 1.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Habit: Aggregates (up to 3mm) of extremely thin blades
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Bavenit från Utö. Stuffen Varpen. (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1 (nr 1) p. 1.; Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Bismuthinite ?
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Morton, C. (1884): Några goniometriska bestämningar å kalkspat från Arendal, Kongsberg, Utö och Bamle. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola nr 34. Översigt af K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förhandlingar 1884 No.8, 16 pp + plate.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Colour: reddish brown,semi translucent
Description: crystals found in in cavities and fissurs in the contact zone between narrow pegmatite dikes.
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Chiavennite
Formula: CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Habit: thin tabular or platy crystals often in groups or radiating clusters up to 5mm
Colour: bright yellow transparent; pale yellow
Description: Crystals often covered partly by a greenish chlorite
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Clays'
Reference: Nysten, P. (1996): Paragenetic setting and crystal chemistry of milarites from Proterozoic granitic pegmatites in Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 564-576.
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Len Pisciotta photo & specimen ( analysis by Attard XRD Services)
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31; Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 76-78
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Erronously reported as coming from Utö in Gustafsson, L (1991), see note in Berg & Mineral nr 2, 1991, p. 11
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Eosphorit från Utö. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p. 18; Berg & Mineral nr 2, 1991, p. 11
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Habit: malll grains or masses
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Triphylit och ferrisicklerite från Utö järnmalmsgruva. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p.17; Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nyköpingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31; Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'Genthelvite-Helvine Series'
Habit: Tetrahedra up to 1mm across
Colour: greenish yellow to yellow
Description: Crystals zonated and extremely heterogenous in their chemical composition
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Nysten, P. (1996): Paragenetic setting and crystal chemistry of milarites from Proterozoic granitic pegmatites in Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 564-576.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Description: Erronously reported as coming from Utö in Gustafsson, L (1991), see note in Berg & Mineral nr 2, 1991, p. 11
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Eosphorit från Utö. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p. 18; Berg & Mineral nr 2, 1991, p. 11
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Holmquistite (TL)
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Osann, A. (1913): Über Holmquistit, einen Lithionglaukophan von der Insel Utö. Silzungsber. d. Heidelberger Akad. d. Wissensch. Math-nat. Klasse. Abt. A. Jahrg. 1913, 23: 1-17 + 2 plates.
'Hornblende'
Hydroxykenomicrolite ?
Formula: (◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Description: The samples studied and originally named as Cesstibtantite is a zero-valent-dominant microlite, but it is not possible prove that they are hydroxykenomicrolite, according to the new nomenclature of the Pyrochlore Supergroup (Atencio et al. 2010)
Reference: Smeds, S.-A. & Černý, P. & Chapman, R. (1999): Niobian calciotantite and plumboanstannoan cesstibtantite from Utö, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist 37, 665–672; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Colour: pale-red
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nyköpingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Löllingite ?
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Habit: needle-like or tabular crystals, aggregates 1-2 mm in size
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Colour: pale-green; grey-white
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'Microlite Group var: Zero valent dominant member of the Microlite Group'
Description: The samples studied and originally named as Cesstibtantite is a zero-valent-dominant microlite, and may be hydroxykenomicrolite, according to the new nomenclature of the Pyrochlore Supergroup . But there is not possible to prove it.(Atencio et al. 2010)
Reference: Smeds, S.-A. & Černý, P. & Chapman, R. (1999): Niobian calciotantite and plumboanstannoan cesstibtantite from Utö, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist 37, 665–672; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Habit: short-prismatic crystals up to 5m in size, often double-terminated
Colour: colorless;water-clear
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Nambulite ?
Formula: LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Description: Possible a Ca-bearing nambulite ?
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
'Nambulite-Natronambulite Series'
Reference: Len Pisciotta photo & specimen ( PXRD analysis by Attard XRD Services)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite (TL)
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Colour: colourless
Reference: d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39; Tschermaks MPM (1983), 31, 81-96
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Habit: hexagonal prisms; tablets
Colour: Pale yellowish-brown
Description: Occurs in cracks in greenstone-magnetite ore. Shows a typical perfect cleavage
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Colour: red
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Spodumene (TL)
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: d’Andrada, J. B. (1800): Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39 ; Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Description: Partly replacing wickmanite
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Tantalite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: A. E. Nordenskiöld (1877) Mineralogiska meddelanden, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 3:10, 282-286 Arzruni (1887), Russ. Ges. Min., Vh.: 23: 181.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L. (2000): Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Colour: Yellowish to colorless
Reference: Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Triphylit och ferrisicklerite från Utö järnmalmsgruva. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p.17; Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Description: crystals up to 0.1 mm
Reference: Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite ?2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite ?2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Calciotantite4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hydroxykenomicrolite ?4.DH.(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Zero valent dominant member of the Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn) (TL)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Wickmanite4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Eosphorite ?8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chiavennite9.GF.25CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Feruvite9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluor-elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Holmquistite (TL)9.DD.05☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nambulite ?9.DK.05LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite (TL)9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene (TL)9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Stokesite9.DM.05CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Genthelvite-Helvine Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Nambulite-Natronambulite Series'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite ?2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite ?2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Wickmanite6.3.6.1Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn) (TL)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite ?42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Feruvite61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene (TL)65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Nambulite ?65.4.1.4LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Stokesite65.5.1.1CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Holmquistite (TL)66.1.2.9☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Chiavennite70.5.1.1CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite (TL)72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
Clino-suenoite-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Genthelvite-Helvine Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxykenomicrolite ?-(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Zero valent dominant member of the Microlite Group'-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Nambulite-Natronambulite Series'-
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
H Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
LiLithium
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O BaryteBaSO4
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
O Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Ca CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
FeIron
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
CuCopper
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
SbAntimony
Sb Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3144449
Proterozoic I meta-sandstone

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{mica schist,gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2637033

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Bergslagen lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Rhyolite, dacite, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
d’Andrada, J.B. (1800) Der eigenschaften und kennzeichen einiger neuen fossilien aus Schweden und Norwegen nebst einigen chemischen bemerkungen ueber dieselben. Allgemeines Journal der Chemie 4, 28-39. [First description of spodumene and petalite]
Morton, C. (1884) Några goniometriska bestämningar å kalkspat från Arendal, Kongsberg, Utö och Bamle. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola nr 34. Översigt af K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förhandlingar 1884 No.8, 16 pp + plate. [includes goniometric measures of a calcite from Utö]
Osann, A. (1913) Über Holmquistit, einen Lithionglaukophan von der Insel Utö. Silzungsber. d. Heidelberger Akad. d. Wissensch. Math-nat. Klasse. Abt. A. Jahrg. 1913, 23: 1-17 + 2 plates.
Flink, G. (1917) Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 76-78. (on datolite from Utö)
Pilawa-Podgurski, N. (1955) Nya Geologiska Undersökningar vid Utö Järnmalmsfält. SGU Ser C 541.
Gustafsson, L. (1991) Bavenit från Utö. Stuffen Varpen. (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1 (nr 1) p. 1.
Gustafsson, L. (1991) Triphylit och ferrisicklerite från Utö järnmalmsgruva. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p. 17.
Gustafsson, L. (1991) Gediget Silver i pegmatit från Utö. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p. 18.
Gustafsson, L. and Otter, B. (1991) Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten. STEIN 18(2), 41-49.
Gustafsson, L. (1992) Pyrosmalit från Utö gruvor. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 2(5), 7.
Langhof, J. and Holtstam, D. (1994) Boron-bearing chiavennite and other late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic lithium-pegmatites of Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Abstr., l6th Gen. Meeting, Int.Mineral. Assoc. (Pisa),232.
Nysten, P. (1996) Paragenetic setting and crystal chemistry of milarites from Proterozoic granitic pegmatites in Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 564-576.
Teertstra, D.K., Černy, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S.‐A., and Grensman, F. (1996) Pollucite in Sweden: occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118, 141–149.
Gustafsson, L. (1998) Pyrosmalit från Utö gruvor. Berg & Mineral (Stockholms Amatörgeologiska Sällskap), 8 (nr 21): 15. [A reprint from Berg & Mineral 2 (1992) issue nr 5, on a find of pyrosmalite]
Langhof, J., Jonson, E., Gustafsson, L., and Otter, B. (1998) Utö - en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift 14, 29-31.
Smeds, S.-A., Černý, P., and Chapman, R. (1999) Niobian calciotantite and plumboanstannoan cesstibtantite from Utö, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist 37, 665–672.
Langhof, J., Holtstam, D., and Gustafsson, L. (2000) Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens Förhandlingar 122, 207-212.
Selway, J.B., Smeds, S.-A., Černý, P., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2002) Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102.
Jansson, B. (2004) Utö gruvor-historien. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 7-17.
Torstensson, O. (2004) Utö-geologin. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 18, 23-27.
Otter, B. (2004) Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36 + planches on pp. 19-22.

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