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Fontsante Mine, Tanneron, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Francei
Regional Level Types
Fontsante MineMine
Tanneron- not defined -
VarDepartment
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'AzurRegion
FranceCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 32' 44'' North , 6° 50' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tanneron1,410 (2016)5.9km
Mandelieu-la-Napoule19,292 (2016)7.7km
Auribeau-sur-Siagne2,736 (2016)8.6km
Théoule-sur-Mer1,347 (2016)9.3km
Pégomas6,052 (2016)9.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mine de Fontsante, Tanneron, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France


"(Coming from Fréjus). To the left of the 'Autoroute du Soleil' exiting the toll station of Les Adrets. Working mine with numerous minerals such as baryte, fluorite, galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, calcite, marcasite, (rose) quartz, and sellaite (brown-clear magnesium fluoride)." [Belot, 1978]


A former fluorite mine started in 1919 and closed in 1987. This large deposit is composed of 20 parallel veins hosted in gneisses. Their names from north to south:

- "Lenté" group (from A to E)
- "Nord" group (from 0 to 4)
- Saint-Barthélémy
- Saint-Augustin (known for its sulphides)
- Blanc
- Rouge
- Sainte-Barbe
- Clet
- "Sud" group (from 1 to 3)
- Figuier (known for its dark green cubic fluorites)

All these veins were operated underground by the SECME (Pechiney) company which produced here almost 2,000,000 tons of CaF2 ore.

According to P. Detang (1981), 4 mineralizing stages are known:

1) faulting of gneisses then low filling of cracks by purple and/or green fluorite (sometimes as "Aztec pyramids") with white quartz.

2) Large filling of the main veins by green and/or white fluorite with sellaite

3) Deposits (in vugs of the previous stage) of yellow/colorless cubic fluorite with baryte and some sulphides such as galena, sphalerite, pyrite, marcasite, etc...

4) Very low deposits of quartz and carbonates (calcite, dolomite, ankerite...)

The finest fluorite specimens of Provence come from this famous deposit. It is also well known for its barytes and its silver minerals (proustite, acanthite, stephanite, etc...) Today, all adits are closed but some large dumps and many outcrops still remain.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Description: Only found in a series of cavities on the 105 level of the "Saint Augustin" vein
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Description: Have been seen on a thin blade for a BRGM study, microscopics grains
Reference: Wilson F.A. (1977), Fluorite from the Fontsante mine (Estérel, Var, France). The Mineralogical Record, Juillet-Aout, pp309-311 Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Description: Only on the "Saint Augustin" vein on the 105 level
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: First found in the "Lenté" vein in 1969, found also in the "Figuier" vein in 1986
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: colorless, yellow
Description: Frequent mineral at the locality
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Description: Have been seen on a thin blade for a BRGM study
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Not widespread in good crystals in the mine
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Known in the "Lenté" and in the "Sud 3" veins only
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Rare, with other sulphides or grains on fluorite or inclusion
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Description: Rare yellow to oranges grains
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Rare in the mine, white rhomboedrons with sellaïte
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Colour: green, white, purple, yellow, colorless, rarely blue
Description: Very good crystals with several habits in all the mine
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Colour: grey
Description: Common in the "Saint Augustin" vein on all the levels, rare in the other veins
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Decimetric masses around the "14" and "24" faults
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Very small crystals and coatings on marcasite
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Massive inside of the fluorite cavities, particulary in the "Lenté" vein
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Rare, green coatings on chalcopyrite
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Common in all the veins
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Have been seen as yellow grains on altered marcasite during a BRGM study
Reference: Wilson F.A. (1977), Fluorite from the Fontsante mine (Estérel, Var, France). The Mineralogical Record, Juillet-Aout, pp309-311 Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
'Ozocerite'
Description: Uncommon on the site, was found particulary on the "Lenté", "Saint "Barthelemy" and "Blanc" veins
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Description: Rare yellow to oranges grains
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Description: Only on the "Saint Augustin" vein on the 105 level
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Common in all the site
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Pyromorphite ?
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Description: Only found on two samples during analyses at the E.N.S.M.P. in 1956
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: Replaced by pyrite.
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Common on the site
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Description: White, fibrous masses (up to 20 centimeters diameter), with small colorless crystals in vugs. Common in the central area.
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Not widespread in the mine
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Description: Only on the "Saint Augustin" vein on the 105 level
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Rare and small with galena in the "Lenté B" vein
Reference: Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Description: Have been seen on a thin blade for a BRGM study, very small grains
Reference: Wilson F.A. (1977), Fluorite from the Fontsante mine (Estérel, Var, France). The Mineralogical Record, Juillet-Aout, pp309-311 Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite ?8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ozocerite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite ?41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Ozocerite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F SellaiteMgF2
MgMagnesium
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S SulphurS8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wilson, F.A. (1977) Fluorite from the Font Sante mine (Estérel, Var, France). The Mineralogical Record, 8(4), 308-311.
Mari, G. (1977) Fontsante (Var). Minéraux et Fossiles, 25, 36-45.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Mari, G. (1979) Mines et minéraux de la Provence cristalline (Maures.Esterel.Tanneron). Ed. Serres (in French).
Mari, G. (2002) La mine de Fontsante (Var). Le Règne Minéral, 43, 38-60.


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