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Oro Blanco Mining District (Ruby Mining District), Oro Blanco Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Oro Blanco Mining District (Ruby Mining District)Mining District
Oro Blanco MountainsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° North , 110° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~51km
Locality type:


‡Ref.: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 45-46.

Blake, W.P. (1899) Huebnerite in Arizona: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 28: 543-546.

Milton, M.C. (1913) The Oro Blanco district of Arizona: Engineering and Mining Journal: 96(21): 1005-1007.

Tenney, J.B. (1928), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 125, The Mineral Industries of Arizona: 88-89.

Wilson, E.D., et al (1934)(revised 1967), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 137, Arizona Lode Gold Mines and Gold Mining: 187-189.

Fowler, G.M. (1951) Oro Blanco or Ruby district, Chapter V, in Arizona zinc and lead deposits, Part II: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 158: 41-49.

Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 41-49.

Wilson, E.D. (1961) Gold Placers and Placering in Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 168 (revised 1978): 82-83.

Knight, L.H., Jr. (1970) Structure and mineralization of the Oro Blanco mining district, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 172 p., 7 sheets, scales 1:1,200, 1:6,000, 1:16,000, 1:24,000, 1:60,000, 1:62,500, and 1:358,000.

Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 61-62 (Table 4).

Weiskopf, T.A. (1994) A comparison of mineralization styles in the Oro Blanco Mining District, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 211 p.

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

This is a Pb-Zn-Au-Ag-Cu-Mn-U mining area located in T.22-23S., R.10-11E., about 7 miles SE of Arivaca, in the SE Oro Blanco Mts, in southwestern Santa Cruz Co., about 20 miles NW of Nogales. The district was started in 1873. The principal settlement is Ruby in the eastern part of the district.

Some of the gold deposits in the Oro Blanco District were probably worked in a small way by the early Spanish explorers. The name translates to "White Gold" from the Spanish and is believed to be in allusion to the lighter color of native gold in the district due to a greater amount of admixed silver.

The mineralized portion of the Oro Blanco Mts consists of an uplifted table land, dissected into a series of ridges and southward-trending canyons that carry water during part of the year. The altitude ranges from 3,600 to 4,900 feet.

The geology is rather complex and inadequately understood. The principal formation is a series of more or less metamorphosed arkosic sandstones, quartzites, conglomerates, and shales, with some intercalated volcanic rocks. These beds, which are probably of Cretaceous age, rest upon an irregular surface of altered, coarse-grained, grayish diorite. They have been intruded by dikes of basic to acid composition and subjected to complex faulting. East of Oro Blanco Viejo Canyon, they are overlain by a thick succession of volcanic rocks.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Irregular and lensing quartz veins with spotty, often oxidized, auriferous and argentiferous base metal sulfides and pyrite in fracture fillings or as partial replacements along faults and at fault intersections. Strong supergene enrichment of gold and silver. Host rocks are altered Cretaceous conglomerate and sandy sediments or Jurassic volcanic tuffs with local disseminated pyrite. Most deposits are limited in entent and in depth; (2) Flat-dipping and shallow zones of quartz veinlets and stringers, locally containing gold and silver values and very minor base metal sulfides, usually associated with strong pyritization. Host rock is strongly fractured, sericitized Jurassic volcanic tuff; (3) Steeply-dipping, tabular and lensing, brecciated shear zones containing fine grained native gold and silver associated with finely crystalline quartz and weak iron and manganese oxides in Jurassic volcanic tuff; (4) Small gold-silver placers in several stream beds, derived from the weathering of the many small lode deposits; (5) Weak occurrence of manganese oxides; and, (6) Weak uranium mineralization in fracture zones in volcanic tuffs.

The gold deposits of the Oro Blanco district include three principal types: (1) Sulfide-bearing quartz veins, (2) Mineralized shear zones, and (3) mineralized bodies of country rock.

Workings include one major mining operation (Montana Mine), and many small, shallow operations and prospects throughout the District, some dating back to early Spaniards and Mexican work on the enriched surface outcrops. Estimated and recorded lode production of base and precious metals through 1972 would be some 909,000 tons of ore containing about 126,000 oz. of gold, 4,600,000 oz. of silver, 30,500 tons of lead, 26,300 tons of zinc, and 2,600 tons of copper. Probably at least 1,000 oz. of gold and 200 oz. f silver have been recovered from placers. A small amount of sorted manganese ore was shipped from one deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 63 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Some is beautifully crystallized.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 236.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 88 (Table 4).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42.
Calcite var. Limestone Onyx
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Slightly radioactive.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4).
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Farnham, et al (1961): 191-192; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 65 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 189-190; Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D., et al (1934)(revised 1967), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 137: 190.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10109794, MRDS ID #M241297.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: Fine, bright
Description: Fine, bright crystals in vugs.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 30.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Colour: Purple
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42.; Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D., et al (1934)(revised 1967): 190.
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 88 (Table 4).
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Description: As placer gold alloyed with silver from flour textured to small nuggets.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 63 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Colour: Whitish gold
Description: Exceptionally large % Ag - approx. 1:5 Ag:Au alloy.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Blake (1899); Wilson, E.D. (1927), AZ Gold Placers, 2nd. ed., revised, Univ. of AZ Bull. 124: 54-55; AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 135 (1933), AZ Gold Placers & Placering: 76-77; Wilson, E.D. (1961): 82-83; Johnson (1972): 46-47; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 191.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Arthur L. Flagg Collection No. 4931A/B
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42.
Linarite ?
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Linarite versus Azurite - visual ID issue.
Reference: Ronald C Render
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 69 (Table 4); Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 191-192; Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967): 191-192; Knight (1970); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: Blue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193.
Opal var. Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Farnham, et al (1961): 191-192; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42.; Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.
Pyrite var. Gold-bearing Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wilson, E.D. (1934)(revised 1967), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 137: 189.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 64 (Table 4); Farnham, et al (1961): 191-192; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 45.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: As wire silver.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 63 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D., et al (1934)(revised 1967): 190.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D., et al (1934)(revised 1967): 190.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Description: Sparse - pitchblende variety (?); disseminated & in hairlike fractures in walls of veins.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 62 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 407; Anderson, R.Y. & E.B. Kurtz, Jr. (1955), Biochemical reconnaissance of the Annie Laurie uranium prospect, Santa cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 50: 227-232Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Recon study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A39-A42; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35..
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Wright, R.J. (1951) Annie Laurie prospect, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Raw Material Report RMO-677, 8 p.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. Silver-bearing Galena2.CD.10PbS with Ag
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var. Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Limestone Onyx5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Linarite ?7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite ?30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Calcite
var. Limestone Onyx
-CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Chlorargyrite
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
Galena
var. Silver-bearing Galena
-PbS with Ag
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Precious Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite
-FeS2
Uraninite
var. Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite var. Limestone OnyxCaCO3
C Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O UraniniteUO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Calcite var. Limestone OnyxCaCO3
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O CupriteCu2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal var. Precious OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
S Pyrite var. Gold-bearing PyriteFeS2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Chlorargyrite var. Bromian ChlorargyriteAg(Cl,Br)
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Calcite var. Limestone OnyxCaCO3
Ca Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Pyrite var. Gold-bearing PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite var. Bromian ChlorargyriteAg(Cl,Br)
AgSilver
Ag Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Chlorargyrite var. Bromian ChlorargyriteAg(Cl,Br)
Ag Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

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North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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