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Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Surses, Albula Region, Grisons, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Falotta- not defined -
Tinizong (Tinzen)Village
SursesMunicipality
Albula RegionRegion
GrisonsCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 33' 12'' North , 9° 38' 49'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Savognin961 (2017)6.1km
Cunter194 (2017)7.6km
Bivio215 (2017)9.4km
Salux209 (2017)9.6km
Bergün526 (2017)11.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Albulatal, Graubünden (Grisons; Grischun), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


A former Mn mine located 14.3 km SSE of Tiefencastel at approx. N46.54753 E9.65407 (Swiss grid 769896 157536).

First records about mining in these parts of Switzerland date from the 14th century, but the mines around Tinzen are first mentioned in 1819. The French company operating the mines collapsed around 1840 due to mismanagement. Several records show that only a small amount of Mn-ore was mined until 1900.

The mine was important during WW I and WW II when the import of Mn-ore was difficult.

The workings consisted of about 7 open pits, most of small size, some were still visible in 2010.
The mine could be operated during summer only. The ore was transported by cable car, truck, and railway to the processing plant and to the steel mills.

From 1916 to 1919 about 2500 t of Mn-ore were shipped to Choindez with 20 to 40 % Mn from the mines Falotta, Alp Parsettens and Alp digl Plaz.

From 1941 to 1945 about 1800 t of Mn-ore were mined in Falotta.

Now this mine is of interest to the mineral collectors only.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 49
Arseniopleite
Formula: NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Reference: Analyses par N. Meisser, Musée Cantonal de Géologie, Lausanne, Switzerland
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]; Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished crystal-structure refinement, confirmed by SEM-EDS analyses); Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Bergslagite
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Reference: Brugger, J., & Gieré, R. (1999). As, Sb, Be and Ce enrichment in minerals from a metamorphosed Fe-Mn deposit, Val Ferrera, eastern Swiss Alps. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37(1), 37-52.
Berzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: Graeser, S., Schwander, H., Suhner, B. (1998): Grischunit (CaMn2(AsO4)2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Zur Mn-As-Mineralisation des Oberhalbstein- Gebietes (I). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 64(1-2), 1-10.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Geiger, Th. (1948): Über ein seltenes Ca-Mn-Arsenat aus dem Oberhalbstein (Graubünden). Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mitt. 28, 468-474.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Cabalzarite (TL)
Formula: CaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 32:211] [Am. Min. (2000), 85, 1307–1314]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82-83
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82-83
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 241-242.
Coralloite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://homepage.swissonline.ch/KlingerMinerals/mineralien-falotta-e.htm
Falottaite (TL)
Formula: MnC2O4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Graeser, G., Gabriel, W. (2016) Falottait (MnC2O4)·3H2O) - ein neues Oxalat-Mineral aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizer Strahler: 50(3): 20-27.; Belakovskiy, D.I., Uvarova, Y., Cámara, F. (2020) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 105(12): 1920–1925.; Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M.V., Graeser, S., Matioli, P. A., Menezes Filho, L. A. D. (2004): Lindbergite, a new manganese oxalate dihydrate from Boca Rica mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Parsettens, Oberhalbstein, Switzerland. American Mineralogist: 89: 1087-1091.; Graeser, S. and Gabriel, W. (2013) Falottaite, IMA 2013-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3000. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 2997-3005.
Geigerite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Graeser, S., Schwander, H., Bianchi, R., Pilati, T., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1989) Geigerite, the manganese analogue of chudobaite: Its description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 74: 676-684.
Grischunite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Graeser, S., Schwander, H., Suhner, B. (1984) Grischunit (CaMn2[AsO4]2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 64: 1-10.; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual. 80.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 243.
Kemmlitzite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H.A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel): p. 238.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Lindbergite
Formula: Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Manganberzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite
Formula: {(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Contains up to 15% (w/w) of SrO.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 304.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 200.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Sursassite
Formula: Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 32: 211.; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]; Belokoneva E. L., Goryuonova A. N., Pletnev P. A., Spiridonov E. M., 2001. Crystall. Rep., 46: 30-32.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
Vaniniite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Meisser, N., Widmer, R., Armbruster, T., Škoda, R., Roth, P. and Mumenthaler, T. (2018) Vaniniite, IMA 2017-116. CNMNC Newsletter No. 43, June 2018, 780; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 779–785.
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniopleite8.AC.10NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Bergslagite8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Cabalzarite (TL)8.CG.15CaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Coralloite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Geigerite (TL)8.CE.05Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Grischunite (TL)8.CF.05NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Kemmlitzite8.BL.05SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite9.BG.05a{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sursassite9.BG.15Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Tinzenite9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Falottaite (TL)10.AB.XMnC2O4 · 3H2O
Lindbergite10.AB.05Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Arseniopleite38.2.2.2NaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Berzeliite38.2.1.1(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Geigerite (TL)39.2.6.2Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Grischunite (TL)40.2.11.1NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Talmessite40.2.2.5Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bergslagite41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arsenogoyazite42.7.4.3SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Coralloite42.11.19.3Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Kemmlitzite43.4.1.7SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Tinzenite56.2.2.4Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sursassite58.2.3.1Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Ardennite-(As)58.3.1.1Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Cabalzarite (TL)-CaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Calcite
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Falottaite (TL)-MnC2O4 · 3H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Lindbergite-Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Piemontite
var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite
-{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Quartz
var. Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
H CabalzariteCaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
H FalottaiteMnC2O4 · 3H2O
H VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
H TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
H SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
H LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
H TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
H CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
BBoron
B TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
CCarbon
C FalottaiteMnC2O4 · 3H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
O CabalzariteCaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
O FalottaiteMnC2O4 · 3H2O
O VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
O Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
O LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
O TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
O Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
O Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
NaSodium
Na GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Na ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg CabalzariteCaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Mg Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Al SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Al ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Si Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Ca CabalzariteCaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
Ca Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Ca TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Ca Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Mn GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Mn FalottaiteMnC2O4 · 3H2O
Mn VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Mn Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
Mn LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mn Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
FeIron
Fe GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
As CabalzariteCaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
As VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4 · 2H2O
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
As SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
As Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn22+(AsO4)3
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
As TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As BrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
As Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
As ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3
As CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
SrStrontium
Sr ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sr Piemontite var. Strontium-bearing Piemontite{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Plattner, P. (1878) Geschichte des Bergbaus in der östlichen Schweiz. Chur, 1878.
Schwarzenbach (1881) Analyse von Manganerz aus dem Oberhalbstein. Mitteilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Bern, Sitzungsbericht, 26.
Walkmeister, C. (1889) Aus der Geschichte des Bergbaues in den Kantonen Glarus und Graubünden. Jahresbericht der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft St. Gallen 1887 / 1888, St. Gallen 1889.
Tarnuzzer, C. (1893) Die Manganerze bei Roffna im Oberhalbstein (Graubünden). Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lagerstättenkunde, 234 – 237.
Theobald, G. (1893) Naturbilder aus den rhätischen Alpen, III. Auflage, 134, 136, 139.
Krahmann, M. (1893) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lagerstättenkunde, Band 1.
Heim, Albert (1900) Die Eisenwerke des Avers und die Manganerze von Oberhalbstein. Eclogae Geologica Helvetica, VI, 491.
Tarnuzzer, C., Nussbaumer, G., and Lorenz, P. (1900) Notice sur quelques gisements métallifères du Canton des Grisons, Coire. 38. Jahresbericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Graubünden, Bd. XLIII, 23-26.
Wencelius, A. (1904) Eisen- und Mangangruben der Schweiz. Berg- und Hüttenmänner Zeitung, 15.
Stelzner, A.F. (1904) Die Erzlagerstätten.
Tarnuzzer, C. and Arbenz, P. (1913) Geologisches Gutachten über die Erzlagerstätten im Gebiet der Gemeinde Tinzen (Oberhalbstein Graubünden).
Tarnuzzer, C. (1916) Aus Rätiens Natur und Alpenwelt, p.99.
Annalas della Societad Rhaeto-Romanscha (1916) La Societad, 1916.
Krahmann, M. (1917) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lagerstättenkunde, Band 24.
Jahresbericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Graubündens (1919) 54.
Fehlmann, H. (1919) Der schweizerische Bergbau während des I. Weltkrieges. Schweiz. Volkswirtschaftsdepartement, Bergbaubüro, Verlag Kümmerly & Frey.
Heim, Albert (1922) Geologie der Schweiz. Band II: Die Schweizer Alpen.
Arbenz, P. and Tarnuzzer, C. (1923) Die Manganerze im Radiolarienhornstein in Mittelbünden. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Geotechnische Serie, 13. Lief., 1. Band, 253-277.
Fehlmann, H. (1947) Der schweizerische Bergbau während des II. Weltkrieges. Büro für Bergbau des eidg. Kriegs-, Industrie- und Arbeitsamtes.
Geiger, T. (1948) Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, 27, 85 pp. (p. 37-42). [http://e-collection.library.ethz.ch/eserv/eth:21226/eth-21226-01.pdf]
Geiger, T. (1948) Über ein seltenes Ca-Mn-Arsenat aus dem Oberhalbstein (Graubünden). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 28, 468-474.
Kündig, E. and de Quervain, F. (1953) Fundstellen mineralischer Rohstoffe in der Schweiz, 117, 118, 188.
Parker, R.L. (1954) Die Mineralfunde der Schweizer Alpen.
Weibel, M., Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W.F., Stalder, H.A., and Gabriel, W. (1966) Die Mineralien der Schweiz. Ein mineralogischer Führer, 22, 182, 201.
Graeser, S. and Stalder, H.A. (1974) Mineralneufunde der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten I. Schweizer Strahler, 7, 265–277.
Graeser, S. and Stalder, H.A. (1976) Mineralneufunde der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten II. Schweizer Strahler, 4, 158–171.
Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W., and Stalder, H.A. (1978) Mineralneufunde der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten III. Schweizer Strahler, 11, 441–452.
Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W., Stalder, H.A., and Schenker, F. (1979) Mineralneufunde der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten IV. Schweizer Strahler, 4, 141–154.
Brun, E. (1980) Die Mangangruben des Oberhalbsteins. Terra Grischuna, Zeitschrift für bündnerische Kultur, Wirtschaft und Verkehr, Bündnerland, 2, 39. Jahrgang.
Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W., Schmutz, L., and Stalder, H.A. (1981) Mineralneufunde der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten V. Schweizer Strahler, 11, 437–467.
Cabalzar, W. (1982) Beobachtungen am Tilasit von Falotta. Schweizer Strahler, 3, 107–109.
Rykart, R. (1982) Quarz mit Manganmineral-Einschlüssen aus dem Oberhalbstein und ihre Geschichte. Schweizer Strahler, 3.
Schmutz, L. and Graeser, S. (1982) Blei- und Zink-Sekundärmineralien. Schweizer Mineralienfreund, 2.
Cabalzar, W. (1984) Über die Mineralien von Falotta, Graubünden. Schweizer Strahler, 10, 423–445.
Suana, M. (1984) Die Manganerzlagerstätten von Tinizong (Oberhalbstein, Graubünden). Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, 64.
Graeser, S., Schwander, H., and Suhner, B. (1984) Grischunit (CaMn2[AsO4]2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 64, 1-10.
Sarp, H., Perroud, P., Bertrand, J., and Cabalzar, W. (1987) Découverte de clinochlore manganésifère à Falotta, Grisons, Suisse. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 67, 225-227.
Geiger, T. and Cabalzar, W. (1988) Tripuhyit - ein neuer Fund von Falotta GR. Schweizer Strahler, 1, 1-7.
Geiger, T. and Cabalzar, W. (1989) Ardennit - Ein Neufund von der Alp Parsettens, Val d'Err GR. Schweizer Strahler, 5, 201-211.
Perseil, E.A. (1990) Sur la présence du strontium dans les minéralisations manganésifières de Falotta et de Parsettens (Grisons - Suisse) - évolution des paragenèses. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 70, 315-320.
Roberts, W.L., Campbell, T.J., and Rapp, G.R. (1990) Encyclopedia of Minerals.
Graeser, S. (1991) Geigerit - ein neues Mineral aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizer Strahler, 2, 59–75.
Graeser, S. (1995) Bergslagit aus den Schweizeralpen. Der Aufschluss, 15.
Gmelin, L. (1996) Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry: Mn – Manganese.
Nicholson, K., Hein, J.R., Bühn, B., and Dasgupta, S. (1997) Manganese Mineralization: Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Terrestrial And Marine Deposits. Special Publication 119, Geological Society.
Stalder, H.A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S., and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz.
Brun, E. (1998) 3000 Jahre Bergbaugeschichte im Oberhalbstein (Graubünden). Anschnitt. Zeitschrift für Kunst und Kultur im Bergbau, 50(4), 145–153.
Hochleither, R. (1999) Tinzenit. Lapis, 3, 9.
American Mineralogist (2000) 85, 1307–1314.
Weiss, S. (2000) Neue Mineralien: Cabalzarit. Lapis, 12, 45-46.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of mineralogy: Arsenates, phospates, vanadates. Vol. 4, Part 3.
Belokoneva, E.L., Goryuonova, A.N., Pletnev, P.A., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2001) Crystal structure of high-manganese tinzenite from the Falotta deposit in Switzerland. In: Crystallography Reports, 46, 30-32.
Wilson, R.C.L., Whitmarsh, R.B., and Froitzheim, N. (2001) Non-Volcanic Rifting of Continental Margins: A Comparison of Evidence from Land and Sea. Special Publication 187, Geological Society.
Brugger, J., Meisser, N., Mumenthaler, T., and Berlepsch P. (2001) Ein neues Mineral aus dem Bergwerk von Falotta im Oberhalbstein GR. Schweizer Strahler, 2, 10-12.
Roth, P. (2007) Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and Minerals named after Swiss individuals.
Roth, P. and Meisser, N. (2013) Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler, 47(3), 8-21 (in German and French).

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