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Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Albula Valley, Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden), Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Falotta- not defined -
Tinizong (Tinzen)- not defined -
Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)- not defined -
Albula ValleyValley
Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)- not defined -
SwitzerlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Albulatal, Graubünden (Grisons; Grischun), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 32' 50'' North , 9° 39' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.54750,9.65417
GeoHash:G#: u0qbg9tyy
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Savognin961 (2017)7.0km
Cunter194 (2017)8.5km
Bivio215 (2017)8.8km
Salux209 (2017)10.4km
Bergün526 (2017)11.6km


A former Mn mine located 14.3 km SSE of Tiefencastel at approx. N46.54753 E9.65407 (Swiss grid 769896 157536).

First records about mining in these parts of Switzerland date from the 14th century, but the mines around Tinzen are first mentioned in 1819. The French company operating the mines collapsed around 1840 due to mismanagement. Several records show that only a small amount of Mn-ore was mined until 1900.

The mine was important during WW I and WW II when the import of Mn-ore was difficult.

The workings consisted of about 7 open pits, most of small size, some were still visible in 2010.
The mine could be operated during summer only. The ore was transported by cable car, truck, and railway to the processing plant and to the steel mills.

From 1916 to 1919 about 2500 t of Mn-ore were shipped to Choindez with 20 to 40 % Mn from the mines Falotta, Alp Parsettens and Alp digl Plaz.

From 1941 to 1945 about 1800 t of Mn-ore were mined in Falotta.

Now this mine is of interest to the mineral collectors only.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arseniopleite
Formula: (Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Bergslagite
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Cabalzarite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Type Locality:
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Coralloite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Falottaite (TL)
Formula: MnC2O4·3H2O
Type Locality:
Geigerite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Grischunite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Kemmlitzite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lindbergite
Formula: Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite var: Strontian Piemontite
Formula: {(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sursassite
Formula: Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Vaniniite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Type Locality:
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniopleite8.AC.10(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Bergslagite8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Cabalzarite (TL)8.CG.15Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Coralloite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Geigerite (TL)8.CE.05Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Grischunite (TL)8.CF.05NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Kemmlitzite8.BL.05SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Strontian Piemontite9.BG.05{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sursassite9.BG.15Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Tinzenite9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Lindbergite10.AB.05Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Falottaite (TL)-MnC2O4·3H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Arseniopleite38.2.2.2(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Berzeliite38.2.1.1(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Geigerite (TL)39.2.6.2Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Grischunite (TL)40.2.11.1NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Talmessite40.2.2.5Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bergslagite41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arsenogoyazite42.7.4.3SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Coralloite42.11.19.3Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Kemmlitzite43.4.1.7SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Tinzenite56.2.2.4Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sursassite58.2.3.1Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Ardennite-(As)58.3.1.1Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Cabalzarite (TL)-Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Falottaite (TL)-MnC2O4·3H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Lindbergite-Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Piemontite
var: Strontian Piemontite
-{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
H CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
H GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
H FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
H VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
H TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
H SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
H LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
H TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
H CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
BBoron
B TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
CCarbon
C FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
O CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
O GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
O FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
O VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
O ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
O LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
O TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
O Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
NaSodium
Na GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Na Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Mg Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mg Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
AlAluminium
Al CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Al SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Ca CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Ca VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Ca TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
Ca ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Ca TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Mn GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Mn FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
Mn VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Mn ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Mn LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
FeIron
Fe GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Fe CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
As CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
As GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
As VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
As SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
As ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
As TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
As Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
As Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
As CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
SrStrontium
Sr ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sr Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Eocene - Cretaceous
33.9 - 145 Ma



ID: 3156036
Helvetic nappes, Penninic nappes

Age: Phanerozoic (33.9 - 145 Ma)

Description: flysch (sediments)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{siltstone,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2366653
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metamagmatite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt and metabasalt

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

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Tarnuzzer, C. (1916) Aus Rätiens Natur und Alpenwelt, p.99.
Annalas della Societad Rhaeto-Romanscha (1916) La Societad, 1916.
Krahmann, M. (1917) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lagerstättenkunde, Band 24.
Jahresbericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Graubündens (1919) 54.
Fehlmann, H. (1919) Der schweizerische Bergbau während des I. Weltkrieges. Schweiz. Volkswirtschaftsdepartement, Bergbaubüro, Verlag Kümmerly & Frey.
Heim, Albert (1922) Geologie der Schweiz. Band II: Die Schweizer Alpen.
Arbenz, P. and Tarnuzzer, C. (1923) Die Manganerze im Radiolarienhornstein in Mittelbünden. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Geotechnische Serie, 13. Lief., 1. Band, 253-277.
Fehlmann, H. (1947) Der schweizerische Bergbau während des II. Weltkrieges. Büro für Bergbau des eidg. Kriegs-, Industrie- und Arbeitsamtes.
Geiger, T. (1948) Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, 27, 85 pp. (p. 37-42). [http://e-collection.library.ethz.ch/eserv/eth:21226/eth-21226-01.pdf]
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Weibel, M., Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W.F., Stalder, H.A., and Gabriel, W. (1966) Die Mineralien der Schweiz. Ein mineralogischer Führer, 22, 182, 201.
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Brun, E. (1980) Die Mangangruben des Oberhalbsteins. Terra Grischuna, Zeitschrift für bündnerische Kultur, Wirtschaft und Verkehr, Bündnerland, 2, 39. Jahrgang.
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Cabalzar, W. (1982) Beobachtungen am Tilasit von Falotta. Schweizer Strahler, 3, 107–109.
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Graeser, S., Schwander, H., and Suhner, B. (1984) Grischunit (CaMn2[AsO4]2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 64, 1-10.
Sarp, H., Perroud, P., Bertrand, J., and Cabalzar, W. (1987) Découverte de clinochlore manganésifère à Falotta, Grisons, Suisse. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 67, 225-227.
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