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Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Albula Valley, Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden), Switzerland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 32' 50'' North , 9° 39' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.54750,9.65417
GeoHash:G#: u0qbg9tyy
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Name(s) in local language(s):Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Albulatal, Graubünden (Grisons; Grischun), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


A former Mn mine located 14.3 km SSE of Tiefencastel at approx. N46.54753 E9.65407 (Swiss grid 769896 157536).

First records about mining in these parts of Switzerland date from the 14th century, but the mines around Tinzen are first mentioned in 1819. The French company operating the mines collapsed around 1840 due to mismanagement. Several records show that only a small amount of Mn-ore was mined until 1900.

The mine was important during WW I and WW II when the import of Mn-ore was difficult.

The workings consisted of about 7 open pits, most of small size, some were still visible in 2010.
The mine could be operated during summer only. The ore was transported by cable car, truck, and railway to the processing plant and to the steel mills.

From 1916 to 1919 about 2500 t of Mn-ore were shipped to Choindez with 20 to 40 % Mn from the mines Falotta, Alp Parsettens and Alp digl Plaz.

From 1941 to 1945 about 1800 t of Mn-ore were mined in Falotta.

Now this mine is of interest to the mineral collectors only.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Falotta, Graubünden, Switzerland

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,208 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 49
Arseniopleite
Formula: (Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Reference: Analyses par N. Meisser, Musée Cantonal de Géologie, Lausanne, Switzerland
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]; Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished crystal-structure refinement, confirmed by SEM-EDS analyses); Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Bergslagite
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: Graeser, S., Schwander, H., Suhner, B. (1998): Grischunit (CaMn2(AsO4)2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Zur Mn-As-Mineralisation des Oberhalbstein- Gebietes (I). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 64(1-2), 1-10.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Geiger, T. (1948): Brandtit aus dem Oberhalbstein GR. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 28, 468-474.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Cabalzarite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211] [Am. Min. (2000), 85, 1307–1314]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82-83
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 241-242.
Coralloite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://homepage.swissonline.ch/KlingerMinerals/mineralien-falotta-e.htm
Falottaite (TL)
Formula: MnC2O4·3H2O
Reference: Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M.V., Graeser, S., Matioli, P. A., Menezes Filho, L. A. D. (2004): Lindbergite, a new manganese oxalate dihydrate from Boca Rica mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and Parsettens, Oberhalbstein, Switzerland. Am. Mineral., 89, 1087-1091.; Graeser, S. and Gabriel, W. (2013) Falottaite, IMA 2013-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3000; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Geigerite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Amer.Mineralogist 74, pages 676 - 684.
Grischunite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: [Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1984) 64,; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, 80 - "Mineral Reference Manual"]
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 243.
Kemmlitzite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 238.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Lindbergite
Formula: Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82-83
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Piemontite var: Strontian Piemontite
Formula: {(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Contains up to 15% (w/w) of SrO.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 304.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 200.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Sursassite
Formula: Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 32: 211.; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 32:211]; Belokoneva E. L., Goryuonova A. N., Pletnev P. A., Spiridonov E. M., 2001. Crystall. Rep., 46: 30-32.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
Vaniniite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Reference: Meisser, N., Widmer, R., Armbruster, T., Škoda, R., Roth, P. and Mumenthaler, T. (2018) Vaniniite, IMA 2017-116. CNMNC Newsletter No. 43, June 2018, 780; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 779–785.
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Birnessite'4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Arseniopleite'8.AC.10(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
'Arseniosiderite'8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Arsenogoyazite'8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
'Bergslagite'8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
'Berzeliite'8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
'Brandtite'8.CG.10Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Cabalzarite' (TL)8.CG.15Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Coralloite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Geigerite (TL)8.CE.05Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Grischunite (TL)8.CF.05NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Kemmlitzite8.BL.05SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Ardennite-(As)'9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
'Braunite'9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Caryopilite'9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Strontian Piemontite9.BG.05{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sursassite9.BG.15Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Tinzenite9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Lindbergite10.AB.05Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Falottaite (TL)-MnC2O4·3H2O
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ranciéite-Takanelite Series-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Arseniopleite38.2.2.2(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Berzeliite38.2.1.1(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Geigerite (TL)39.2.6.2Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Grischunite (TL)40.2.11.1NaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Talmessite40.2.2.5Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bergslagite41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arsenogoyazite42.7.4.3SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Coralloite42.11.19.3Mn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Kemmlitzite43.4.1.7SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Tinzenite56.2.2.4Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sursassite58.2.3.1Mn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Ardennite-(As)58.3.1.1Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Cabalzarite (TL)-Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Falottaite (TL)-MnC2O4·3H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Lindbergite-Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Piemontite
var: Strontian Piemontite
-{(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Ranciéite-Takanelite Series'-
Vaniniite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+3Mn3+2O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
H GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
H Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
BBoron
B TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
O Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
O Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
O GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
O Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
FFluorine
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Na Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Na ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mg Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Mg Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Mg CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Al ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Al TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
SSulfur
S KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
Ca Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Ca Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mn Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn FalottaiteMnC2O4·3H2O
Mn GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Mn GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Mn ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Mn Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SursassiteMn22+Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn TinzeniteCa2Mn42+Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
FeIron
Fe Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Fe GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
CuCopper
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
As Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
As Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
As BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
As GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
As GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
As KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
As SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
As TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As VaniniiteCa2Mn32+Mn23+O2(AsO4)4·2H2O
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
SrStrontium
Sr ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sr KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr Piemontite (var: Strontian Piemontite){(Ca,Sr)2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Eocene - Cretaceous
33.9 - 145 Ma



ID: 3156036
Helvetic nappes, Penninic nappes

Age: Phanerozoic (33.9 - 145 Ma)

Description: flysch (sediments)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{siltstone,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2366653
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metamagmatite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt and metabasalt

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

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Fehlmann, H. (1919) Der schweizerische Bergbau während des I. Weltkrieges. Schweiz. Volkswirtschaftsdepartement, Bergbaubüro, Verlag Kümmerly & Frey.
Heim, Albert (1922) Geologie der Schweiz. Band II: Die Schweizer Alpen.
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Brun, E. (1980) Die Mangangruben des Oberhalbsteins. Terra Grischuna, Zeitschrift für bündnerische Kultur, Wirtschaft und Verkehr, Bündnerland, 2, 39. Jahrgang.
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Cabalzar, W. (1982) Beobachtungen am Tilasit von Falotta. Schweizer Strahler, 3, 107–109.
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Mineral and/or Locality  
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