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Fibbia, Fontana, Central St Gotthard Massif, Leventina, Ticino, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Fibbia- not defined -
Fontana- not defined -
Central St Gotthard MassifMassif
Leventina- not defined -
TicinoCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 32' 34'' North , 8° 32' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Airolo1,559 (2016)5.2km
Andermatt1,258 (2013)10.9km
Göschenen464 (2013)14.3km
Oberwald277 (2017)14.8km
Peccia175 (2016)16.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Fibbia, Fontana, Massiccio del San Gottardo, Leventina, Ticino (Tessin), Svizzera (Schweiz; Suisse)


A 2739 m high peak, Swiss coordinates 685´055 / 155´210. A well-studied locality producing an abundance of Alpine-type minerals from a cleft system.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 55
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kipfer, A. (1974) Ein neues Hobby: Kleinmineralien sammeln und präparieren. Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart, 64 pp.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 70
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 70
'Chabazite'
Description: Crystals to 7 mm.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 104.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: C Bracke collection
Cleusonite
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Description: Deetrmined by Nicolas Meisser
Reference: Beppe Raineri find & collection
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 44
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite var: Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 73
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 208.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 208.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 250.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 208.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 70
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 104.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 337.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 208.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 388.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 337.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cleusonite4.CC.40(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Iron Rose4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Cleusonite-(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Hematite
var: Iron Rose
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
BeBeryllium
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnataseTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
Fe Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
PbLead
Pb Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3130389
basement

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Carboniferous
298.9 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2367598
Magmatische Gesteine, Plutonite

Age: Carboniferous (298.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Granite in tonalite and Quartz syenite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3192233
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kipfer, A. (1974) Ein neues Hobby: Kleinmineralien sammeln und präparieren. Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart, 64 pp. [photo of albite from the locality on p. 17]
Heijboer T.C. (2006) Origin and pathways of pro- and retro-grade fluid, PTh pathways and fluid-mineral equilibria from Alpine veins of the Central Alps: Case studies of the Fibbia and Amsteg areas. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Basel, 153 pp. Paragenetic table for the Fibbia clefts is Figure 4.5, p. 68.


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