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Central St Gotthard Massif, Leventina, Ticino, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Central St Gotthard MassifMassif
LeventinaDistrict
TicinoCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° North , 8° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~26km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Massiccio del San Gottardo, Leventina, Ticino (Tessin), Svizzera (Schweiz; Suisse)


On Mindat, this descriptor denotes the area around the St Gotthard pass.

In a geological sense, the St Gotthard massif encompasses the area from the Nufenen pass (Novena pass) in the west to the southern side valleys of the Tujetsch (Tavetsch) in the east.

Hence, many of the localities in the upper Wallis, in northern Ticino (on the north slopes of the Bedretto valley and in the valleys northeast of the upper Leventina), and in western Grischun are actually situated in the St Gotthard massif.

Though, this is not explicitly noted, except in some locality descriptions.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

48 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 28
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 26
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 26
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 40
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 49
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 66
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 68
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 75
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 75
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chabazite'
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cleusonite
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Description: Deetrmined by Nicolas Meisser
Reference: Beppe Raineri find & collection
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019, Roberto Bracco material
Dessauite-(Y)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019, Roberto Bracco material
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Habit: Crusts of elongated tabular crystals to 0.6 mm
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 135.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 192.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 68
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Lapis 29(9):33-34 (2004)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 192.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
'Heulandite'
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 214.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 26
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Lapis 29(9):33-34 (2004)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 267.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 308.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 100
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 49
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Olivier Mével spécimen
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019, Roberto Bracco material
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 380.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., and Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 71(2): 295-300.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
'Stilbite subgroup'
'Synchysite'
Reference: Franco Ponte collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Tremolite is named after the Val Tremola. Yet, it lies north of the isograde delineating the first appearance of tremolite. It is now known that the first dealer deliberately misled his clients, claiming that the mineral came from Val Tremola. The true location and therefore type locality is Campolungo, further south (see Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10. (http://www.minrec.org/pdfs/TREMOLITE%20Edited.pdf) Hey only repeated the erroneous information.
Reference: Hey's Mineral Index (1993).; Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10. (http://www.minrec.org/pdfs/TREMOLITE%20Edited.pdf)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cleusonite4.CC.40(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Crichtonite4.CC.40Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Dessauite-(Y)4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Iron Rose4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
AB21O38
Crichtonite8.5.1.3Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite ?66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Cleusonite-(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Dessauite-(Y)-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Iron Rose
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnataseTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O QuartzSiO2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BrookiteTiO2
O SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SideriteFeCO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
VVanadium
V SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
V CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
CrChromium
Cr SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
MnManganese
Mn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Mn CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Pb Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Grünenfelder, M., Hofmänner, F., Grögler, N. (1964) Heterogenität akzessorischer Zirkone und die petrographische Beurteilung ihrer Uran/Blei-Zerfallsalter. II. Präkambrische Zirkonbildung im Gotthardmassiv. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 44, 543-558.
Grauert, B., Arnold, A. (1968) Deutung diskordanter Zirkonalter der Silvrettadecke und des Gotthardmassivs (Schweizer Alpen). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 20, 34-56.
Arnold, A. (1970) On the history of the Gotthard Massif (Central Alps, Switzerland). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 63, 29-30.
Gebauer, D., Quadt, A., Compston, W., Williams, I.S., Grünenfelder, M. (1988) Archean zircons in a retrograded, Caledonian eclogite of the Gotthard Massif (Central Alps, Switzerland). Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 68, 485-490.
Abrecht, J., Biino, G.G., Mercolli, I., Stille, P. (1991) Mafic-ultramafic rock associations in the Aar, Gotthard and Tavetsch Massifs of the Helvetic domain in the Central Swiss Alps: markers of ophiolitic pre-Variscan sutures, reworked by polymetamorphic events? Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 71(2), 295-300.
Janots, E., Gnos, E., Berger, A., Whitehouse, M. (2014) High spatial resolution dating of hydrothermal monazite from Alpine clefts (Abstract). Geophysical Research Abstracts, 16, EGU2014-7145.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Gotthard_Massif
Wikidata ID:Q688549

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