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Altemann cliff, Sehringen, Badenweiler Pb mining district, Badenweiler, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Altemann cliffCliff
Sehringen- not defined -
Badenweiler Pb mining districtMining District
Badenweiler- not defined -
Black ForestForest
Baden-WürttembergState
GermanyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 47' 52'' North , 7° 40' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Badenweiler3,829 (2013)0.5km
Müllheim18,097 (2013)3.5km
Feldberg1,866 (2013)3.6km
Sulzburg2,717 (2013)5.4km
Auggen2,404 (2011)5.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Altemannfelsen, Sehringen, Bleibergbaurevier Badenweiler, Badenweiler, Schwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland


Known for an assemblage of mineraloids formed as a result of mediaeval fire-setting practices.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: S Wolfsried collection; Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Collection Elmar Lackner
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Shannonite
Formula: Pb2O(CO3)
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
'Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)'
Formula: Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
Reference: Walenta, K. (1998) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Schwarzwald. 7. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis, 23 (12), 43-48. (in German); U. Kolitsch and E. Tillmanns (2003): The crystal structure of anthropogenic Pb2(OH)3(NO3), and a review of Pb-(O,OH) clusters and lead nitrates. Mineralogical Magazine 67, 79-93.
'Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))'
Formula: Pb2(OH)3(NO3)
Reference: Walenta, K. (1998) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Schwarzwald. 7. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis, 23 (12), 43-48. (in German); U. Kolitsch and E. Tillmanns (2003): The crystal structure of anthropogenic Pb2(OH)3(NO3), and a review of Pb-(O,OH) clusters and lead nitrates. Mineralogical Magazine 67, 79-93.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Shannonite5.BE.05Pb2O(CO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)'-Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
'Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))'-Pb2(OH)3(NO3)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Shannonite-Pb2O(CO3)
'Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)'-Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
'Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))'-Pb2(OH)3(NO3)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
H Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))Pb2(OH)3(NO3)
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
N Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))Pb2(OH)3(NO3)
OOxygen
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
O Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))Pb2(OH)3(NO3)
O ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
O LithargePbO
O MassicotPbO
O TenoriteCuO
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
PbLead
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb Unnamed (Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4)Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4
Pb Unnamed (Pb2(OH)3(NO3))Pb2(OH)3(NO3)
Pb ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185393
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Comments: Rhine Graben

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Triassic
201.3 - 237 Ma



ID: 2357419
Biogene und klastische Sedimentgesteine, teils mit Evaporiten

Age: Late Triassic (201.3 - 237 Ma)

Lithology: Biogenic carbonate rocks and evaporite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Permian - Late Carboniferous
251.902 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3153193
Late Carboniferous granite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic - Precambrian
443.8 - 4000 Ma



ID: 2617548

Age: Eoarchean to Ordovician (443.8 - 4000 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Lithology: Anatectic gneiss

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
- Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German).
- Wittern, A. (1994): Sekundärmineralien durch Feuersetzen in Oberschulenberg, Bönkhausen, Bleialf und Badenweiler. Der Aufschluss 45, 36-42. (in German)
- U. Kolitsch and E. Tillmanns (2003): The crystal structure of anthropogenic Pb2(OH)3(NO3), and a review of Pb-(O,OH) clusters and lead nitrates. Mineralogical Magazine 67, 79-93.
- Keim, M.F., Markl, G. (2016): Basic lead minerals in medieval firesetting and geogenic environments: mineralogy and stability relations. New Minerals and Mineralogy in the 21th Century - International scientific symposium Jáchymov 2016, Jáchymov, Czech Republic, September 3-5, 2016; Book of abstracts, 29-34.

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