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Birkenberg (Birkiberg), St Ulrich, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Birkenberg (Birkiberg)- not defined -
St Ulrich- not defined -
Black ForestForest
Baden-WürttembergState
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Birkenberg (Birkiberg), St Ulrich, Schwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 19' 30'' North , 8° 19' 51'' East (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Medieval silver mining (12th to 14th centuries) on the northern slope of Birkenberg (Birken mountain).
Several parallel veins with Ag-, Cu- and Pb-ores cross the Möhlin valley (Möhlintal) here.

Protected area ("Grabungsschutzgebiet").

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
'Rotgültigerz'
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: http://www.birchiburg.de/
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Nováčekite-I8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Rotgültigerz'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Nováčekite-I40.2a.10.1Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Rotgültigerz'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
OOxygen
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O UraniniteUO2
MgMagnesium
Mg Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
FeIron
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
SbAntimony
Sb Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Brunn, A., Wagner, H. & Zimmermann, U. (1990): Ein mittelalterliches Bergbaurevier am Birkenberg bei St. Ulrich, Gemeinde Bollschweil, Kreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald. Archäol. Ausgrabungen i. Bad.-Württ., 297-303.
- Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German).
- Brunn, A., Goldenberg, G., Zimmermann, U. (1993): Weitere montanarchäologische Untersuchungen im mittelalterlichen Bergbaurevier am Birkenberg bei St. Ulrich, Gde. Bollschweil, Kreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald. Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg 1992, 380-384.
- SCHLAGETER, A. (1997): Das Revier Birkiberg im Möhlintal. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des mittelalterlichen Bergbaus im Möhlintal zwischen Bollschweil und St. Ulrich. Schau ins Land 116, 29-126.
- Goldenberg, G. (1999): Mittelalterlicher Silberbergbau am Birkenberg bei St. Ulrich. In: Früher Bergbau im südlichen Schwarzwald. Archäologische Informationen aus Baden-Württemberg 41, 73-81.
- Goldenberg, G., Fröhlich, M., Der Birkenberg bei Bollschweil - St. Ulrich. Ein Bergbaurevier aus dem Mittelalter. Bollschweil 2006.

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