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Panda Hill, Mbeya, Mbeya Region, Tanzaniai
Regional Level Types
Panda HillHill
MbeyaDistrict
Mbeya RegionRegion
TanzaniaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
9° 0' 28'' South , 33° 14' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mbeya291,649 (2016)25.2km
Mlowo18,737 (2018)29.1km
Ilembo2,607 (2016)30.7km
Vwawa40,145 (2018)36.2km
Kiwira21,342 (2016)37.1km


Alkaline complex, 1.5 km in diameter, with sjövite, Mg-carbonatite, and Fe-carbonatite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Hematite var:
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Monazite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Pyrochlore Group var: ' (FRL)
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: First described as "pandaite"
Reference: Jäger, E., Niggli, E. & van der Veen, A.H. (1959): A hydrated barium–strontium pyrochlore in a biotite rock from Panda Hill, Tanganyika. Mineralogical Magazine: 32: 10-25
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
'Synchysite'
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 42; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25; Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (TL)4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Rhabdophane'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mgonde, F. (1994) Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Masters dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Africa
African PlateTectonic Plate

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