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Panda Hill, Mbeya, Mbeya Region, Tanzaniai
Regional Level Types
Panda HillHill
Mbeya- not defined -
Mbeya RegionRegion
TanzaniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 9° 0' 28'' South , 33° 14' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -9.00778,33.24806
GeoHash:G#: kwrsu84mz
Locality type:Hill
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mbeya291,649 (2016)25.2km
Mlowo18,737 (2018)29.1km
Ilembo2,607 (2016)30.7km
Vwawa40,145 (2018)36.2km
Kiwira21,342 (2016)37.1km


Alkaline complex, 1.5 km in diameter, with sjövite, Mg-carbonatite, and Fe-carbonatite.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Apatite'
'Biotite'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Monazite'
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rhabdophane'
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Synchysite'
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (TL)4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Rhabdophane'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3188863
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3310966

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic and plutonic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mgonde, F. (1994) Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Masters dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.


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