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Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
IvelandMunicipality
Aust-AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
07139100014947266798146.jpg
Æretveit feldspar quarry - partly overgrown

Æretveit, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
05902630014946263725775.jpg
Pegmatite dike at Birkeland gard, Iveland

Birkeland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
08065980015168789965010.jpg
Håverstad 4 (Tuten) and Håverstad 8a (Heiegruva

Håverstad 4 Feldspar Quarry, Håverstad, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
07592150015671823968131.jpg
Mapping of the Iveland Wall with XRF

Iveland Wall, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
09305590015671823973106.jpg
Æretveit feldspar quarry - partly overgrown

Æretveit, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
06911190015189851749815.jpg
Pegmatite dike at Birkeland gard, Iveland

Birkeland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
08065980015168789965010.jpg
Håverstad 4 (Tuten) and Håverstad 8a (Heiegruva

Håverstad 4 Feldspar Quarry, Håverstad, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
08733670015671823311641.jpg
Mapping of the Iveland Wall with XRF

Iveland Wall, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
00905080014947266808878.jpg
Æretveit feldspar quarry - partly overgrown

Æretveit, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
05902630014946263725775.jpg
Pegmatite dike at Birkeland gard, Iveland

Birkeland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Sätersdalen
Other Languages:
French:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvège
German:
Iveland, Ost-Agder, Norwegen
Italian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegia
Norwegian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norge
Russian:
Ивеланн, Эуст-Агдер, Норвегия
Simplified Chinese:
伊韋蘭, 东阿格德尔郡, 挪威
Spanish:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noruega
Albanian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegjia
Asturian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noruega
Basque:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegia
Bavarian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwegn
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
লভেলেন্ড, ঔস্ট-অগ্দের, নরৱে
Catalan:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noruega
Cebuano:
Iveland, Aust-Agder fylke, Norway
Danish:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norge
Dutch:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noorwegen
Esperanto:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegio
Estonian:
Ivelandi vald, Aust-Agder, Norra
Finnish:
Iveland, Itä-Agderin lääni, Norja
Galician:
Iveland, Noruega
Indonesian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwegia
Javanese:
Iveland, Norwégia
Latin:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegia
Limburgian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noorwege
Low Saxon/Low German:
Kommun Iveland, Amt Oost-Agder, Norwegen
Malay:
Iveland, Norway
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Lo̍k-ui
Northern Sami:
Iveland, Nuorta-Agdera fylka, Norga
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Iveland, Aust-Agder fylke, Noreg
Occitan:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvègia
Polish:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwegia
Portuguese:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noruega
Romanian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norvegia
Slovenian:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norveška
Swahili:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwei
Swedish:
Iveland, Aust-Agder fylke, Norge
Vietnamese:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Na Uy
Waray:
Iveland, Aust-Agder, Noruega


The Evje and Iveland area is famous for its pegmatite minerals. In old references and on old labels, this area has also been referred to as Setesdalen (Setesdal), which is the valley along the river Otra. Evje & Hornes and Iveland municipalities are the 2 southernmost municipalities (of a total of 5) in this valley.

The pegmatites are enriched in REE and have originated at ca. 600°C (Müller et al., 2009).

Notes to the mineral list:

- The monazites found in the Iveland area are most probably monazite-(Ce), but not all localities (monazites) have yet been analyzed. (Selbekk et al. 2009).

- A study of the black and light micas from the Evje-Iveland district, has shown that the studied dark micas can be classified as siderophyllite and the light micas as ferroan muscovite with less than 1 apfu F. The pink mica as muscovite (Rosing-Schow et al. 2017).

COLLECTION OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF IVELAND:

A gallery with highlights of the collection of the municipality of Iveland (Iveland kommunes mineralsamling) can be found here: http://www.mindat.org/user-30160.html#2_0_0_0_0__


NOTE ABOUT COLLECTING IN THE EVJE-IVELAND AREA

It is very important that all collectors respect the Norwegian laws regarding collecting minerals. In Norway, there is a law called the "Allemannsretten".
This law gives everybody free access to nature, and it is allowed to pick berries and mushrooms. Picking up a few rocks from the surface is also allowed, but as soon as you start digging or hammering, the Allemannsretten is NOT valid anymore.
Collectors always need to get permission from the landowner before they can start collecting. Failing to do so, will only deteriorate an already problematic relationship between the landowners and mineral collectors.
Some landowners do not allow collecting under any circumstance.

The owners of the Mølland quarries, the Ivedal quarries and the Frikstad 4 and 12 quarries do not allow collecting under any circumstance.

On the other hand, if you ask for permission, most of the time you will be allowed to collect that day. If you want to collect for more than one day, you need to specifically ask for permission to do so.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

102 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Ce) ?
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Reported in Handbook of Mineralogy, but all other analysis of aeschynites from Iveland shows a dominance of Y over Ce. Maybe a problem due to mixed labels?
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Peristerite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 334
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hansen, G. H. (2001): Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. (Minerals of Evje - Iveland). Published by Froland Mineral Center, p. 18
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 103
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Earlier wrongly labelled as tremolite
Reference: Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p.336
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Müller, A., Kearsley, A., Spratt, J. and Seltmann, R. (2012): Petrogenetic implications of magmatic garnet in granitic pegmatites from Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 50,1095-1115
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd, p.339
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 135 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Markus Aas Reime
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Locality: Kåbuland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway - erroneously reported
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
'Chabazite'
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Description: Bjørlykke/Hysingjord describe churchite-(Y) from "the Microlite-quarry", Landås. The mineral occures as a white crust on topaz.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1966): Årsrapport for Geologisk avdeling. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, Årbok 1965) 242: 182; Neumann Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 125-126
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Habit: crust & film
Colour: black
Description: on feldspar and quartz
Reference: Hansen, G. H. (2001): Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. (Minerals of Evje - Iveland). Published by Froland Mineral Center, p. 30 ; Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd p. 342
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'
Reference: B. Otter photo & collection
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Habit: Poorly developed crystals > 5cm
Description: Not analyzed, Identified as a columbite/tantalite mineral based on physical appearance, strak color, hardness, specific gravity, lustre and geological environment. Specific gravity combined with previous analysis of similar material from other quarries in the area may indicate manganotantalite.
Reference: Olav Revheim Collection
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Pedersen (2007) says that the covellite was found in the "Hiltveittunnel".
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd p 342
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Davidite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Habit: elongated masses with rough semi-linear outlines attaining lengths of 20 cms or more
Description: often intergrown with ilmenite and rutile
Reference: Neumann, H. & Sverdrup, T.L.(1960): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No. 8. Davidite from Tuftan, Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 40: 277-288 + Levinson (1966).
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Description: Erronously reported by Hansen (2001)
Reference: Hansen, G. H. (2001): Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. (Minerals of Evje - Iveland). Published by Froland Mineral Center.p 30
Elbaite ?
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Description: Occure in small amounts (1%) in pseudomorphoses after beryl.
Reference: Strand, T.(1953): Euclase from Iveland, occurring as an alteration product of beryl. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 31,1-5
'Euxenite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Fergusonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Description: Good microcrystals have been found 2006 to 2008 in cavities in cleavelandite.
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2),p.15 ; Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Gadolinite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lund, M. (2016) Columbite-tantalite and garnet geochemistry in Evje-Iveland, south Norway. master Thesis in Geosciences, University of Oslo. 156p.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hellandite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Reference: Müller, A., Kearsley, A., Spratt, J. and Seltmann, R. (2012): Petrogenetic implications of magmatic garnet in granitic pegmatites from Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 50,1095-1115
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Hisingerite ?
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Description: SEM/EDS analysis indicate hisingerite, but not confirmed
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1933): Norwegische mikrolithmineralen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 145-161.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Torben Kjeldgård specimen
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Keiviite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2Si2O7
'K Feldspar'
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lepidolite'
Liandratite
Formula: U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.176)
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen observation at site aug. 2006 (see Larsen & Erambert (2007),
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Moonstone'
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p 34-35
'Mossite'
Description: A sample marked "Iveland, Nedenäs (Sic!), Norway" studied by Clark & Fejer (1978) showed to be an ilmenorutile
Reference: Clark, A.M. & Fejer, E.E.(1978): Tapiolite, its chemistry and cell dimensions. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 477-480
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 132 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Ferroan muscovite
Reference: Rosing-Schow, N., Müller, A. & Friis, H. (2017): Composition and classification of mica from south Norwegian pegmatites. PEG2017. NGF Abstracts and Proceedings, 2017 (2): 78-79.
'Muscovite-1M'
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Revheim, O. (2004): Gadolinitt-(Y) og andre mineraler fra Slobrekka. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 43-50
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Revheim, O. (2004): Gadolinitt-(Y) og andre mineraler fra Slobrekka. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 43-50
Orthoclase ?
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Palygorskite ?
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Hansen, S. (1973): Ett mineralrikt fältspatbrott i Iveland, Norge. Unpublished paper, 20p
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Description: Vogt (1911) describes phenakite from a pegmatite at Tveit, occuring in pseudomorphoses after beryl together with bertrandite. Possible Tveit 3
Reference: Vogt, Th. (1911): Bertrandit von Iveland in südlichen Norwegen. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 50, 6-13; Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 127
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Torben Kjeldgård specimen
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Torben Kjeldgård specimen
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hansen, S. (1973): Ett mineralrikt fältspatbrott i Iveland, Norge. Unpublished paper, 20p
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 141 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hansen, S. (1973): Ett mineralrikt fältspatbrott i Iveland, Norge. Unpublished paper, 20p
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Description: Found on altered pyrite in one of the Frøyså pegmatites by T.Garmo 1974.
Reference: Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 108
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Okrusch, M., Hock,R., Schüssler, U., Brummer, A., Baier,M. & Theisinger, H. (2003): Intergrown niobian rutile phases with Sc- and W-rich ferrocolumbite: An electron-microprobe and Rietveld study. American Mineralogist 88: 986-995
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Scheteligite'
Formula: (Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Description: Bjørlykke (1937) described scheteligite as a new mineral from Torvelona.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Scheteligite, a new mineral. Preliminary note. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift.17: 47-49; Clark (1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index")
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: Found in "Thorveitittgruva"
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rosing-Schow, N., Müller, A. & Friis, H. (2017): Composition and classification of mica from south Norwegian pegmatites. PEG2017. NGF Abstracts and Proceedings, 2017 (2): 78-79.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311 ; Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H.-J.,Folvik, H. & Ellingsen, H.V. (2008): Mineraler i columbitt-tantalittgruppen fra Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 33-36.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tapiolite' ?
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Description: A tapiolite with locality "Iveland", is registred in British Museum (Natural History).
Reference: Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 73
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thalénite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo
Thortveitite (TL)
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Description: Found in september 1910 by Olaus Thortveit in Ljoslandsknipan, identied at Mineralogical-Geologycal Museum of Oslo by Schetelig. But already in 1903, P. Schei found a mineral noted as Epidote?, in Landsverk, Evje, this was later identified as Thortveitit,
Reference: Schetelig, J. (1922): Thortveitit- Ein scandiumsilikat, (Sc, Y)2Si2O7. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die MIneralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 51-87
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Titanite var: Yttrian Titanite
Formula: (Ca,Y)TiSiO5
'Tombarthite-(Y)'
Formula: Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
Description: Descredited by IMA 2016. A re-examination of original material shows that all samples are heterogeneous, and hence not constituted by a single mineral (IMA Proposal 16-K)
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1971): Yttrialite from Ivedal, Iveland, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 51, 1-8; CNMNC Newsletter No. 34.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Törnebohmite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Description: Törnebohmite-(Ce) occured in pseudomorphoses after monazite-(Ce), together with fluocerite-(Ce), Cerianite-(Ce) and a younger generation monazite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 +Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 85
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Locality: Roadcut, Ivedal, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway - erroneously reported
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p.336
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): The granite pegmatites of southern Norway. American Mineralogist 22: 241-255
Tveitite-(Y)
Formula: (Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Cleveite
Formula: UO2
Description: "as small irregular splashes up to 1 cm between xenotime crystals" (Bjørlykke (1934)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Alvite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Description: Levinson & Borup describe zircon crystals growing on a thortveitite crystal, that in analysis gives 23% (+/-10%) HfO2.
Reference: Levinson & Borup (1960); Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 136-137).
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Barth, T. F. W. (1931). Feltspat III. Forekomster i Iveland og Vegusdal i Aust-Agder og i flere herreder i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse nr 128b, 111-150

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Tveitite-(Y)3.AB.30(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cavoite ?4.HE.40CaV4+3O7
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Davidite-(Ce) (TL)4.CC.40(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Davidite-(La) ?4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Liandratite4.DH.35U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Cleveite4.DL.05UO2
Yttrotantalite-(Y)4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20a(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Elbaite ?9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hisingerite ?9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Keiviite-(Y) ?9.BC.05Y2Si2O7
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Ferroan muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite ?9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thalénite-(Y) ?9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite (TL)9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Yttrian Titanite9.AG.15(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
'Tombarthite-(Y)' ?9.AD.35Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Törnebohmite-(Ce)9.AG.45(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Alvite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Euxenite Group'-
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Mossite' ?-
'Muscovite-1M'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Scheteligite'-(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite' ?-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Liandratite8.1.9.1U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Scheteligite'8.2.6.1(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(Ce) (TL)8.5.1.6(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Davidite-(La) ?8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Tveitite-(Y)9.2.1.3(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'16a.1.2.2(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Tombarthite-(Y)' ?51.5.3.2Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Törnebohmite-(Ce)52.4.5.1(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Keiviite-(Y) ?55.2.1a.2Y2Si2O7
Thalénite-(Y) ?55.2.1b.2Y3Si3O10F
Thortveitite (TL)55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Yttrialite-(Y)55.2.1b.3(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)58.2.2.6Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite ?61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite ?66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite ?71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite ?74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Cavoite ?-CaV4+3O7
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Tantalite-(Fe) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Euxenite Group'-
'Euxenite-(Y)-Polycrase-(Y) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Mossite' ?-
Muscovite
var: Ferroan muscovite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Muscovite-1M'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite' ?-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
Titanite
var: Yttrian Titanite
-(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Cleveite
-UO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Alvite
-Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon-(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
H Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
OOxygen
O Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BismiteBi2O3
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O Uraninite (var: Cleveite)UO2
O Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
O UraniniteUO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
O Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CavoiteCaV34+O7
FFluorine
F Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
F Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
F Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
F Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Na Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Si Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Si Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CavoiteCaV34+O7
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
VVanadium
V Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
V Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
V CavoiteCaV34+O7
CrChromium
Cr Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Cr Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
MnManganese
Mn Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
YYttrium
Y Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Y Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Y Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Y Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
Y Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
Y Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zr Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
LaLanthanum
La Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
La Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
La Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
CeCerium
Ce Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NdNeodymium
Nd Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
HfHafnium
Hf Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ta LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Scheteligite(Ca,Fe,Mn,Sb,Bi,Y)2(Ti,Ta,Nb,W)2(O,OH)7
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U Uraninite (var: Cleveite)UO2
U LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Statherian : 1750 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Statherian
ⓘ Biotite1750 MaEptevatnet 02 Thortveitite Quarry, Eptevatnet, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vogt, Th. (1911) Bertrandite von Iveland im südlichen Norwegen. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 50, 6-13.
Barth, T.F.W. (1931) Feltspat III. Forekomster i Iveland og Vegusdal i Aust-Agder og i flere herreder i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 128b, 111-150.
Schetelig, J. (1931) Remarks on thalenite from some new occurrences in Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 12, 507-519.
Bjørlykke, H. (1934) The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 14, 211-311.
Levinson, A.A. and Borup, R.A. (1960) High hafnium zircon from Norway. American Mineralogist, 45, 562-565 [description of zircons from Iveland with 22-24% HfO2].
Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Wilke, H.-J. (1976) Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Weise Verlag, München, 28-44.
Larsen, A.O. (1980) Granater fra granittpegmatitter. NAGS-nytt, 7(4), 31-32.
Frigstad, O.F. (1999) Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 15, 60-73.
Larsen, R.B., Polvé, M., and Juve, G. (2000) Granite pegmatite quartz from Evje-Iveland: trace element chemistry and implications for the formation of high purity quartz. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 436, 57-65.
Hansen, G.H. (2001) Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. Published by Froland Mineral Center. 1-88 [in Norwegian].
Revheim, O. (2001) Tantalmineraler i Evje og Iveland. Stein, 28(3), 28-31.
Bonazzi, P., Zoppi, M., and Dei, L. (2002) Metamict aeschynite-(Y) from the Evje-Iveland district (Norway): heat-induced recrystallization and dehydrogenation. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 141-150.
Gunnufsen, K. (2004) Iveland kommunes mineralsamling. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 28, 14-18.
Pedersen, R. (ed.) (2007) Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: "Minerala i Iveland", 332-370].
Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H-J., and Folvik, H.O. (2009) Mineraler i monazitt-gruppen funnet i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 41, 43-47 [Results of chemical analysis of Norwegian monazites, some from Iveland].
Axel Müller, Peter M. Ihlen, Rune B. Larsen, John Spratt, and Reimar Seltmann (2009) Quartz and garnet chemistry of south Norwegian pegmatites and its implications for pegmatite genesis. Estudos Geológicos, 19, 20-24. [http://www.ufpe.br/estudosgeologicos/paginas/edicoes/2009192/2009192t03.pdf]
Gunnufsen, K. (2010) Iveland kommunes mineralsamling. Stein, 37(2), 16-17.
Müller, A., Rumsey, M., and Ihlen, P.M. (2010) Pegmatittmineraler fra Evje-Iveland i samlingen til Naturhistorisk Museum i London. Stein, 37(4), 8-14.
Duran, C.J., Seydoux-Guillaume, A.-M., Bingen, B., Gouy, S., de Parseval, P., Ingrin, J., and Guillaume, D. (2016) Fluid-mediated alteration of (Y,REE,U,Th)–(Nb,Ta,Ti) oxide minerals in granitic pegmatite from the Evje-Iveland district, southern Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110, 581-599.
Rosing-Schow, N., Müller, A., and Friis, H. (2017) Composition and classification of mica from south Norwegian pegmatites. PEG2017. NGF Abstracts and Proceedings, 2017(2), 78-79.
Corneliussen, Andreas (2012-2017) Prosjektet Gruver i Iveland/Evje [http://www.pegmatite.no]
Lund, M. (2016) Columbite-tantalite and garnet geochemistry in Evje-Iveland, south Norway. Master Thesis in Geosciences, University of Oslo, 156 pp.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iveland
Wikidata ID:Q90592
GeoNames ID:3150950

External Links


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