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The Moon

This page kindly sponsored by Keith Compton
The moon

The Moon
Far side of the Moon

The Moon
Lunar eclipse

The Moon
The moon

The Moon
Far side of the Moon

The Moon
Lunar eclipse

The Moon
The moon

The Moon
Far side of the Moon

The Moon
 
Area:37,930,000 km2


The only natural satellite of Earth, The Moon is 3,474km in diameter, around 1/4 of that of the Earth.

Geology and mineralogy of the Moon have been determined from lunar meteorites found on the Earth and samples returned by unmanned probes (USSR) and manned missions (the US Apollo mission) in the 1960s and the 1970s. Material returned from these missions is still being analysed today.

Formation and Geology of the Moon


The formation of the Moon is believed to have happened around 4.5 billion years ago as a result of a giant impact between the proto-Earth and a mars-sized planetary body. The debris from this collision accreted to form the Moon.

The Moon is now known to have a distinct crust, mantle, and core believed to have formed due to fractional crystallization of a global magma ocean shortly after the Moon's formation. The majority of the Moon's surface is believed to be anorthosite (an intrusive igneous rock predominated by plagioclase feldspar), this makes up the light areas shown on the Moon's surface. The dark areas are made up of iron-poor basaltic lavas.

Lunar mineral localities


Although many samples of lunar meteorites (pieces of the Moon ejected due to collisions on the Moon which fell onto the Earth) have been found, their original location on the Moon's surface cannot be determined so the only localities that are listed for the Moon are the sites from successful USSR and US missions which returned samples to Earth for analysis. Samples were returned by three soviet unmanned probes (Luna 16, 20 and 24) and six US manned Apollo missions (Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17). All of these localities are listed here on Mindat.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Akaganeite

Albite

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Almandine

'α-Brass'

Aluminium

Anhydrite

Anorthite

Antimony

Aragonite ?

Armalcolite (TL)

Augite

var: Titanian Augite

Awaruite

Baddeleyite

Baryte

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

'Biotite'

Bornite

'Boron'

Calcite

'Carbon Dioxide Ice'

Celestine

Cerium

Chalcopyrite

Chromite

var: Aluminian Chromite

Chromium

Clinoenstatite

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

'Cobalt'

Cohenite

Copper

Corundum

Cristobalite

Cubanite

'Cu-Zn alloy'

Daubréelite

Diopside

Dolomite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Eskolaite

'Eta-bronze'

Farringtonite ?

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

Ferrosilite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Forsterite

'Glass'

Goethite

Gold

Graphite

Greenockite

'Hafnium'

Halite

Hapkeite

Hedenbergite

Hematite ?

Hercynite

'Hornblende'

'Hypersthene'

Ice

Ilmenite

Indium

Iron

var: Kamacite

Kaersutite

Keiviite-(Y)

'K Feldspar'

Lead

Mackinawite

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesite

Magnetite ?

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

'Maskelynite'

'Melilite Group' ?

Merrillite

Moissanite ?

Molybdenite

'Molybdenum'

Monazite-(Ce)

Nickel

Niningerite

'Niobium'

'Olivine'

'Oxycalciobetafite' (FRL)

Oxycalciopyrochlore

var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore

'Oxyuranobetafite' (FRL)

Pentlandite

Perovskite

Pigeonite

Platinum

var: Rhodic Ferroplatinum

Pyrite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxferroite (TL)

Quartz

'Rhenium'

Rutile

var: Niobian Rutile

Scheelite

Schreibersite

'Silica'

Silver

Spessartine ?

Sphalerite

Spinel

Stishovite

'Sulfur Dioxide Ice'

Sylvite

Taenite

Talnakhite ?

'Tantalum'

Thorite

Tin

Titanite

Tranquillityite (TL)

Tridymite

Troilite

Tschermakite

Tungsten

Ulvöspinel

'UM1971-04-O:FeNbTiYZr'

'UM1972-08-O:CaFeNdTiYZr'

'UM2001-06-E:CrFeNi'

'UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn'

'UM2004-18-O:AlCaGdThTlZr'

'UM2004-19-O:AlCeGdZr'

'UM2004-20-O:AlGdLaThTiZr'

'UM2004-21-O:CaFeGdZr'

'UM2004-28-O:GdTiZr'

'UM2011-03-O:CaKUV'

'UM2011-04-O:LaMnSrTi'

'Unnamed (Au Sulphide)'

'Unnamed (Ba Titanate III)'

'Unnamed (Ca-Gd-Fe-Zr Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Eu-C-O Phase)'

'Unnamed (Fe-Sn Alloy II)'

'Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)'

'Unnamed (Gd-Fe-Al Silicate)'

'Unnamed (K Perrhenate)'

'Unnamed (Mn-Ca-Ce-Ti Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Mn-Ca-Ti Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Mn-Ca-Zr-Ti Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Na-Sb Oxide Sulphide Chloride)'

'Unnamed (Rh Iodide)'

'Unnamed (Ta-Mo intermetallide)'

Whitlockite

Wurtzite

var: Cadmian Wurtzite

Wüstite ?

Yoshiokaite (TL)

'Ytterbium'

Zhanghengite

Zinc

Zincite

Zircon

Zirconolite


102 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Localities in this Region

Localities for Transported Material

The following localities have been recorded where minerals that have been transported from this locality/region have been found. This may include meteorite finds and glacial erratics, amongst others.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
RAMDOHR, P., EL GORESY, A. (1970): Zur Mineralogie des Mondes.- Der Aufschluss, 21 (7/8), 219-224.
Meyer C., Yang S.V. (1988) Tungsten-bearing yttrobetafite in lunar granophyre, American Mineralogist, 73, pp.1420-1425.
Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A., Mokhov A.V., Gorshkov A.I., Ashikhmina N.A., Magazina L.O., Koporulina E.V. (2006) Lunar monazites, Doklady Earth Sciences, Vol. 407A, No. 3, pp. 498–502.
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.)

External Links


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