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The only natural satellite of Earth, The Moon is 3,474km in diameter, around 1/4 of that of the Earth.
Geology and mineralogy of the Moon have been determined from lunar meteorites found on the Earth and samples returned by unmanned probes (USSR) and manned missions (the US Apollo mission) in the 1960s and the 1970s. Material returned from these missions is still being analysed today.
Formation and Geology of the Moon
The formation of the Moon is believed to have happened around 4.5 billion years ago as a result of a giant impact between the proto-Earth and a mars-sized planetary body. The debris from this collision accreted to form the Moon.
The Moon is now known to have a distinct crust, mantle, and core believed to have formed due to fractional crystallization of a global magma ocean shortly after the Moon's formation. The majority of the Moon's surface is believed to be anorthosite (an intrusive igneous rock predominated by plagioclase feldspar), this makes up the light areas shown on the Moon's surface. The dark areas are made up of iron-poor basaltic lavas.
Lunar mineral localities
Although many samples of lunar meteorites (pieces of the Moon ejected due to collisions on the Moon which fell onto the Earth) have been found, their original location on the Moon's surface cannot be determined so the only localities that are listed for the Moon are the sites from successful USSR and US missions which returned samples to Earth for analysis. Samples were returned by three soviet unmanned probes (Luna 16, 20 and 24) and six US manned Apollo missions (Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17). All of these localities are listed here on Mindat.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
102 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.
Rock Types Recorded
Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!
Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
- Igneous rock
- Metamorphic rock
- Lunar, meteorite and other extra-terrestrial rock and sediment
Localities in this Region
- Apollonius Highlands
- Descartes Highlands
- Fra Mauro Highlands
- Mare Crisium
- Mare Fecunditatis
- Mare Imbrium
- Mare Insularum
- Mare Serenitatis
- Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility)
- North Polar Region
- Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)
- Sinus Medii
- Southern Highlands
- Taurus-Littrow Valley
Localities for Transported Material
The following localities have been recorded where minerals that have been transported from this locality/region have been found. This may include meteorite finds and glacial erratics, amongst others.
- Eastern Antarctica
- Dhofar Governorate (Al Janubiyah Province)
This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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RAMDOHR, P., EL GORESY, A. (1970): Zur Mineralogie des Mondes.- Der Aufschluss, 21 (7/8), 219-224.
Meyer C., Yang S.V. (1988) Tungsten-bearing yttrobetafite in lunar granophyre, American Mineralogist, 73, pp.1420-1425.
Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A., Mokhov A.V., Gorshkov A.I., Ashikhmina N.A., Magazina L.O., Koporulina E.V. (2006) Lunar monazites, Doklady Earth Sciences, Vol. 407A, No. 3, pp. 498–502.
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.)