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Fra Mauro Base (Apollo 14 landing site), Fra Mauro Highlands, The Moon

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Latitude & Longitude: 3° 38' 43'' South , 17° 24' 48'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -3.64530,-17.41360
GeoHash:G#: 7x7e78ru9


Lunar regolith breccia.

Inadequately described phase "pseudoarmalcolite" has been found in the lunar soil. Its composition is: (Ti1.91Zr0.08)1.99(Fe0.27Mg0.10Cr0.25Al0.07 Ca0.12Si0.02)0.84O5 (see 'Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) oxide I)').

Basalt 14053 is a high-Al mare-type ophitic basalt which received, during its residence in the lunar regolith, solar-wind implanted hydrogen and was thermally metamorphosed (impact melt). Some phases are consequently extremely reduced.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
'Basalt'
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Description: Ti/Al-chromite.
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Description: Reduction reaction : Fe2SiO4 -> 2Fe + SiO2 + O2
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
'Glass'
Description: K/Ba-rich glass. Mesostasis of fayalite with swiss-cheese texture with K/Ba-rich glass as the holes.
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
'Glass var: Common Glass'
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: American Mineralogist: 91: 1547-1552.
'Microgabbro'
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
'Oxycalciobetafite' (FRL)
Formula: Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Description: Initially the mineral was described as "Yttrobetafite" = Yttrobetafite-(Y? according to the last nomenclature of Pyrochlore supergroup it is Oxycalciobetafite.
Reference: Meyer C. and Yang S.V. (1988) Tungsten-bearing yttrobetafite in lunar granophyre, - Am. Mineral. 73, 1420-1425.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Meteoritics 7, 479-485, 1972
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Meteoritics 7, 479-485, 1972
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Description: Cr-ulvöspinel. Reduction reaction : Cr-ulvöspinel -> Ti-Al-chromite + ilmenite + Fe
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
'Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)'
Formula: Fe-Ti-O
Reference: Peckett, A., Phillips, R., Brown, G.M. (1972): New zirconium-rich minerals from Apollo XIV and XV rocks. Nature: 236: 215-217; in: Fleischer, M. (1973): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 139-141
Yoshiokaite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
Reference: Amer.Min.(1990) 75, 676-686

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Awaruite'1.AE.20Ni3Fe
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Cristobalite'4.DA.15SiO2
'Hercynite'4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Merrillite'8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
'Fayalite'9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Tranquillityite9.AG.90(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Yoshiokaite (TL)9.FA.05(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Basalt'-
'Glass'-
'var: Common Glass'-
'Microgabbro'-
Oxycalciobetafite (TL)-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Pyroxene Group-
Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)-Fe-Ti-O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Yoshiokaite (TL)76.2.1.6(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tranquillityite78.7.16.1(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Basalt'-
'Glass'-
'var: Common Glass'-
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Iron-Fe
'Microgabbro'-
'Oxycalciobetafite' (FRL)-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)'-Fe-Ti-O

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O RutileTiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
O TridymiteSiO2
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)Fe-Ti-O
O Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
SiSilicon
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ca Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Ca Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)Fe-Ti-O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
FeIron
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe Unnamed (Fe-Ti-(Zr) Oxide I)Fe-Ti-O
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
YYttrium
Y Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
Meyer C. and Yang S.V. (1988) Tungsten-bearing yttrobetafite in lunar granophyre, - Am. Mineral. 73, 1420-1425.
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Peckett, A., Phillips, R., Brown, G.M. (1972): New zirconium-rich minerals from Apollo XIV and XV rocks. Nature: 236: 215-217; in: Fleischer, M. (1973): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 139-141

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