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Chabyer Caka (Chabyer Co; Zhabuye Chaka; Zhabuye Cuo; Zabuye salt lake), Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture), Tibet Autonomous Region, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 22' 20'' North , 84° 3' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.37222,84.05306
GeoHash:G#: tvef2xjs6
Köppen climate type:Dwc : Monsoon-influenced subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):扎布耶茶卡 (扎布耶锘), 仲巴县 (འབྲོང་པ་རྫོང་), 日喀则地区 (གཞིས་ཀ་རྩེ་ས་ཁུལ།), 西藏自治区, 中国

A large bittern-salt lake in the Gangdise Mountains in the interior of the Tibetan Plateau. The lake consists of two sub-basins, a southern and a northern one, which are joined by a narrow channel. The lake has a total area of 243 km2, a mean depth of 70 cm, and a maximum depth of less than 2 m. The salt content of the lake water is 360-410 g/l. The basin originated through faulted structures. The underlying bedrock is Cretaceous-Eogene acidic igneous rocks, mudstones and sandstones. A large area of playa is being exposed around the lake, and mirabilite is currently being deposited in the lake.

Note: The Tibetan name of the lake is Chabyer Caka (alternatively Chabyer Co), which becomes Zhabuye Chaka (alternatively Zhabuye Cuo) in standard Chinese phonetics. "Zabuye" is a mis-nomer (the Chinese character 扎 transliterates to "Zha", not "Za"). Nonetheless, the name of the mineral that was named for this lake is spelled "Zabuyelite", not "Zhabuyelite".

Mineral List

23 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

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201.3 - 252.17 Ma

ID: 3184523
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 252.17 Ma)

Comments: Songpan-Ganzi Accretionary Complex

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Formation of the salt lakes resources and its utiliztation on the Xizang plateau. Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Saline deposits and minerals of salt lakes in Qinghai-Xizang plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Sedimentary characteristics of ZK91-2 core and climate-environment evolution of Zabuye lake, Tibet plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Comprehensive utilization of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): Lake status records from China: Data Base Documentation. MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 183-190.
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2005): 15°C-Isothermal Evaporation Experiment on Carbonate-type Brine from Zabuye Salt Lake, Tibet, Southwestern China. Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (2007): Simulation with Pitzer model of lake brine evolution of Zabuye salt lake, Tibetan plateau. Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1734-1741.
Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Sedimentary characteristics and palaeoenvironmental records of Zabuye salt lake, Tibetan plateau, since 128 ka BP. Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yuanyi Zhao, Yubin Cui, and Xitao Zhao (2010): Geological and geochemical features and significance of travertine in travertine-island from Zhabuye salt lake, Tibet, China. Geological Bulletin of China 29(1), 124-141 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhen Nie, Lingzhong Bu, and Mianping Zheng (2010): Lithium resources industrialization of salt lakes in China: A case study of the Xitaijinaier salt lake and the Zabuye salt lake. Acta Geoscientica Sinica 31(1), 95-101 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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