Chabyer Caka (Chabyer Co; Zhabuye Chaka; Zhabuye Cuo; Zabuye salt lake), Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture), Tibet Autonomous Region, China
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||31° 22' 20'' North , 84° 3' 11'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||31.37222,84.05306|
|Köppen climate type:||Dwc : Monsoon-influenced subarctic climate|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||扎布耶茶卡 (扎布耶锘), 仲巴县 (འབྲོང་པ་རྫོང་), 日喀则地区 (གཞིས་ཀ་རྩེ་ས་ཁུལ།), 西藏自治区, 中国|
A large bittern-salt lake in the Gangdise Mountains in the interior of the Tibetan Plateau. The lake consists of two sub-basins, a southern and a northern one, which are joined by a narrow channel. The lake has a total area of 243 km2, a mean depth of 70 cm, and a maximum depth of less than 2 m. The salt content of the lake water is 360-410 g/l. The basin originated through faulted structures. The underlying bedrock is Cretaceous-Eogene acidic igneous rocks, mudstones and sandstones. A large area of playa is being exposed around the lake, and mirabilite is currently being deposited in the lake.
Note: The Tibetan name of the lake is Chabyer Caka (alternatively Chabyer Co), which becomes Zhabuye Chaka (alternatively Zhabuye Cuo) in standard Chinese phonetics. "Zabuye" is a mis-nomer (the Chinese character 扎 transliterates to "Zha", not "Za"). Nonetheless, the name of the mineral that was named for this lake is spelled "Zabuyelite", not "Zhabuyelite".
23 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
201.3 - 252.17 Ma
|Mesozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Triassic (201.3 - 252.17 Ma)
Comments: Songpan-Ganzi Accretionary Complex
Lithology: Sedimentary rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529.