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Chabyer Caka (Chabyer Co; Zhabuye Chaka; Zhabuye Cuo; Zabuye salt lake), Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture), Tibet, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Chabyer Caka (Chabyer Co; Zhabuye Chaka; Zhabuye Cuo; Zabuye salt lake)- not defined -
Zhongba Co.County
Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)Prefecture
TibetAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Key
04364700015442864275887.jpg
Satellite photo showing Lake Zabuye and other lakes

Chabyer Caka, Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture, Tibet, China
04364700015442864275887.jpg
Satellite photo showing Lake Zabuye and other lakes

Chabyer Caka, Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture, Tibet, China
04364700015442864275887.jpg
Satellite photo showing Lake Zabuye and other lakes

Chabyer Caka, Zhongba Co., Xigazê Prefecture, Tibet, China
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 22' 19'' North , 84° 3' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Name(s) in local language(s):
扎布耶茶卡 (扎布耶锘), 仲巴县 (འབྲོང་པ་རྫོང་), 日喀则地区 (གཞིས་ཀ་རྩེ་ས་ཁུལ།), 西藏自治区, 中国


A large bittern-salt lake in the Gangdise Mountains in the interior of the Tibetan Plateau. The lake consists of two sub-basins, a southern and a northern one, which are joined by a narrow channel. The lake has a total area of 243 km2, a mean depth of 70 cm, and a maximum depth of less than 2 m. The salt content of the lake water is 360-410 g/l. The basin originated through faulted structures. The underlying bedrock is Cretaceous-Eogene acidic igneous rocks, mudstones and sandstones. A large area of playa is being exposed around the lake, and mirabilite is currently being deposited in the lake.


Note: The Tibetan name of the lake is Chabyer Caka (alternatively Chabyer Co), which becomes Zhabuye Chaka (alternatively Zhabuye Cuo) in standard Chinese phonetics. "Zabuye" is a mis-nomer (the Chinese character 扎 transliterates to "Zha", not "Za"). Nonetheless, the name of the mineral that was named for this lake is spelled "Zabuyelite", not "Zhabuyelite".

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2005): Sea-Lake Salt and Chemical Industry 34(4), 1-5
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617; Yuanyi Zhao, Yubin Cui, and Xitao Zhao (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(1), 124-141
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 183-190; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617; Yuanyi Zhao, Yubin Cui, and Xitao Zhao (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(1), 124-141
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 221-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/zhabuye-salt-lake-10100775.htm
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Zheng Mianping and Liu Wengao (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 221-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
'Lithiomagnesite'
Formula: Li2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 183-190; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 221-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Yong-Sheng Zhang, Mian-Ping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Ling-Zhong Bu (2005): Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140
Zabuyelite (TL)
Formula: Li2CO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 221-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Zabuyelite (TL)5.AA.05Li2CO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Lithiomagnesite'-Li2Mg(CO3)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Zabuyelite (TL)14.1.6.2Li2CO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Pentaborates
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lithiomagnesite'-Li2Mg(CO3)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
Li LithiomagnesiteLi2Mg(CO3)2
BBoron
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C LithiomagnesiteLi2Mg(CO3)2
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O LithiomagnesiteLi2Mg(CO3)2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg LithiomagnesiteLi2Mg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
KPotassium
K SylviteKCl
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

References

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Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Formation of the salt lakes resources and its utiliztation on the Xizang plateau. Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Saline deposits and minerals of salt lakes in Qinghai-Xizang plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (1995): Sedimentary characteristics of ZK91-2 core and climate-environment evolution of Zabuye lake, Tibet plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 7(2), 133-140 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Comprehensive utilization of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B. (2001): Lake status records from China: Data Base Documentation. MPI-BGC Technology Report No. 4, pp. 183-190.
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2005): 15°C-Isothermal Evaporation Experiment on Carbonate-type Brine from Zabuye Salt Lake, Tibet, Southwestern China. Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
Wen Qi and Mianping Zheng (2007): Simulation with Pitzer model of lake brine evolution of Zabuye salt lake, Tibetan plateau. Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1734-1741.
Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Sedimentary characteristics and palaeoenvironmental records of Zabuye salt lake, Tibetan plateau, since 128 ka BP. Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yuanyi Zhao, Yubin Cui, and Xitao Zhao (2010): Geological and geochemical features and significance of travertine in travertine-island from Zhabuye salt lake, Tibet, China. Geological Bulletin of China 29(1), 124-141 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhen Nie, Lingzhong Bu, and Mianping Zheng (2010): Lithium resources industrialization of salt lakes in China: A case study of the Xitaijinaier salt lake and the Zabuye salt lake. Acta Geoscientica Sinica 31(1), 95-101 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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