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Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Idd, Halden, Østfold, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
HerrebøkasaQuarry
Aspedammen- not defined -
IddMunicipality (Historical)
HaldenMunicipality
ØstfoldCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 4' 31'' North , 11° 28' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Halden21,970 (2010)7.5km
Sponviken416 (2014)14.2km
Skee736 (2017)20.4km
Fossby318 (2010)20.7km
Skjeberg1,862 (2013)22.3km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Bø feltspatbrudd
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Herrebøkasa feltspatbrudd, Aspedammen, Idd, Halden, Østfold, Norge


An abandoned granite pegmatite quarry dating back to the 1870s, located close to Aspedammen south of the town Halden. The pegmatite may be classified as a NYF pegmatite, close to the allanite-monazite type of the REL-REE subclass (Cooper et al. 2012). It was mainly operated between 1932 and 1962, and produced about 400 tons of feldspar before World War II.
The pegmatite occurs in the border zone between the Iddefjord granite (~900 Ma) and a gneiss complex (~1800 Ma) (Cooper et al. 2012).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


45 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: fairly scarce
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Fine-grained
Colour: Mustard yellow
Description: As alteration products of a mectamict mineral, euxenite or polycrase with XRD powder pattern of anatase but with smaller spaceing (larger unit cell) (Raade & Kristiansen 1997)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (1997) (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase from Herrebøkasa, Østfold, Norway. Bergverksmuseet Skrift: 12: 14-15
Anatase var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase
Formula: (Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
Habit: Fine-grained
Colour: Mustard yellow
Description: As alteration products of a mectamict mineral, euxenite or polycrase with XRD powder pattern of anatase but with smaller spaceing (larger unit cell) (Raade & Kristiansen 1997)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (1997) (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase from Herrebøkasa, Østfold, Norway. Bergverksmuseet Skrift: 12: 14-15
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Aspedamite (TL)
Formula: 12(Fe+23Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe+23 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
Type Locality:
Habit: Showing dodecahedra {110} modified by cube {100}
Colour: Brownish orange
Description: Found in one sample, on one small crystal of monazite partly covered by a white mat of an Al–Nb–Fe–Ti–Ca–K-bearing silicate on which were perched very tiny crytstals
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Ball, N.A., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C., Černý, P. and Kristiansen, R. (2011): Aspedamite, IMA 2011-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.; Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y.A., Ball,N.A., Černý,P., Hawthorne,F. and Kristiansen, R. (2012): Aspedamite, Ideally □12(Fe3+, Fe2+)3Nb4[Th(Nb,Fe3+)12O42]{(H2O),(OH)}12, a New Heteropolyniobate Mineral Species from the Herrebøkasa Quarry, Aspedammen, Østfold, Southern Norway: Description and Crystal Structure. Canadian Mineralogist. 50: 793-894
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Description: Bertrandite is very common i the quarry. Mostly bertrandite is found in small vugs near or directly on the faces of altered beryl crystals, in solid red/pink microcline(?). A few exceptional crystals to a maximum of 3,5 cm have been found. On the frontpage of the magazine STEIN 32(2) (see reference list) there is a photo of a nearly 3 cm big crystal.
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (1999): Berylliumsmineraler i Norge. STEIN 26 (2), 8-23; Wiik, G. H. (2005), NAGS-Nytt - landsmøtet i tekst og bilder, STEIN 32(2), p. 19
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H.-J.,Folvik, H. & Ellingsen, H.V. (2008): Mineraler i columbitt-tantalittgruppen fra Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 33-36.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Pers.commentary Roy Kristiansen
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: masses
Colour: greyish
Description: in one piece intergrown with triplite
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: massive
Colour: dark green; colorless clear; dark blue
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Iangreyite
Formula: Ca2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
Reference: Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117; Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2018): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2017 - 2018. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 105-114
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Liandratite
Formula: U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Habit: thin crust on quartz
Colour: yellow
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2006): Mineralnytt. Nytt for Norge: Liandratitt, U 6+(Nb,Ta)2O8 fra Herrebøkasa, Østfold. STEIN 33(2): 28
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, S. (2005): Herrebøkasa- Haldens store skattkammer. STEIN 32 (4), 24-26
Perhamite
Formula: Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein. 41 (3),30-33
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Larsen, S. (2005): Herrebøkasa- Haldens store skattkammer. STEIN 32 (4), 24-26
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2006): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2005-2006. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 33: 56-62
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Description: Rhabdophane-(Ce) occure as orange-brown fiborus crystals or crusts on Monazite-(Ce).
Reference: R. Kristiansen (1974, pers. com.); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117; Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Rutile ?
Formula: TiO2
Description: Sørlie (1999) list it with a ?
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Habit: As porcupine-like small masses and fanlike aggregates of platy transparent crystals
Colour: pale brownish and brown
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2000): Mer om rynersonitt. STEIN 27 (1), 12-14/ Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373 + Neumann (1985, p. 80).
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Habit: irregular masses
Colour: dark brown to redbrown
Description: As intergrown masses with greyish Apatite-(CaF)
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Description: sharp crystals to 1.5 cm cubes modified by the octahedron
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Sørlie, T. (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Skrift 25, 19-22.
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase4.DD.05(Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Liandratite4.DH.35U(Nb,Ta)2O8
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile ?4.DB.05TiO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Iangreyite8.DE.45Ca2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Perhamite8.DO.20Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aspedamite (TL)-12(Fe+23Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe+23 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Hydromuscovite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile ?4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Liandratite8.1.9.1U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Iangreyite42.13.19.Ca2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Perhamite43.5.10.1Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anatase
var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase
-(Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
Aspedamite (TL)-12(Fe+23Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe+23 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Hydromuscovite'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Hafnian Zircon
-(Zr,Hf)SiO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
H MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
O QuartzSiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
O MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Anatase (var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase)(Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
O AnataseTiO2
O RutileTiO2
FFluorine
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
Al PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
P MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2O
Ca PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Ca MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
Ti Anatase (var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase)(Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
FeIron
Fe Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
NbNiobium
Nb Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Anatase (var: (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase)(Ti0.5Nb0.25)Σ1.00O2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
HfHafnium
Hf Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
PbLead
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th Aspedamite12(Fe3+2Fe2+)Nb4(ThNb9Fe3+2 Ti4+O42)(H2O)9(OH)3
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nilssen, B. (1970): Samarskites. Chemical composition, formula and crystalline phases produced by heating. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50, 357-373. [with analysis of samarskite-(Y) from Herrebøkasa]
Hansen, L.S & Knudsen, W. (1984): Herrebøkasa- Bø feltspatbrudd ved Halden. Monolitten 1 (2), 14.
Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (1997a): (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase from Herrebøkasa, Østfold, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 12, 14-15.
Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (1997b): (Nb,Fe)-substituted anatase from Herrebøkasa, Østfold, Norway. STEIN 24 (3), 122-123.
Witsø, T. (1999): Eit mineral blir funne. Rynersonitt. STEIN 26 (4), 50-51
Kristiansen, R. (2000): Mer om rynersonitt. STEIN 27 (1), 12-14
Sørlie, T (2003): Herrebøkasa - juvelen blant Østfolds pegmatitter. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 25, 19-22.
Larsen, S. (2005): Herrebøkasa- Haldens store skattkammer. STEIN 32 (4), 24-26
Kristiansen, R. (2006): Mineralnytt. Nytt for Norge: Liandratitt, U 6+(Nb,Ta)2O8 fra Herrebøkasa, Østfold. STEIN 33 (2): 28
Nordrum, F.S. (2006): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2005-2006. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 33: 56-62
Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21 [on the find of triplite and rynersonite]
Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y.A., Ball,N.A., Černý,P., Hawthorne,F. and Kristiansen, R. (2012): Aspedamite, Ideally □12(Fe3+, Fe2+)3Nb4[Th(Nb,Fe3+)12O42]{(H2O),(OH)}12, a New Heteropolyniobate Mineral Species from the Herrebøkasa Quarry, Aspedammen, Østfold, Southern Norway: Description and Crystal Structure. Canadian Mineralogist. 50: 793-894
Kristiansen, R. (2012) Aspedamitt, et thorium-heteropolyniobat, fra Herrebøkasa ved Aspedammen. Stein 39 (3): 10-11
Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27. [On a find of messelite]
Larsen, K. E. (2018): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2017 - 2018. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 105-114 [On a find of ixiolite]

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