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Huken Quarry, Grorud, Oslo, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Huken QuarryQuarry
GrorudBorough
OsloCounty
NorwayCountry

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Name in Norwegian:Huken pukkverk, Grorud bydel, Oslo, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 58' 30'' North , 10° 52' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.97512,10.87306
GeoHash:G#: u4xtpqjs2
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sogn Hagekoloni400 (2017)8.6km
Rotnes4,705 (2010)9.1km
Oslo580,000 (2014)9.9km
Lillestrøm14,000 (2010)10.0km
Leirsund1,177 (2013)12.2km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Åsland Pukkverk A/S


This quarry is still in operation (by Åsland Pukkverk A/S), and has cut through some old Cu-mines (Alnsjø mining field; Aanerud Mine and Nedre Grorud Mine). The dominant rock is basalt which is cut by several different veins of rocks like "Grorudite" (peralkaline microgranite), quartz-porphyry, diabase, syenite, andesite and a vein of anatase and albite.

The unnamed Ti-rich oxide (UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV) was found in a 20-cm-wide anatase-albitite dyke.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


50 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O., (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. Stein. 26 (4),14-47
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit - Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit - Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4).
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. (1984) An unusual titanium-rich oxide mineral from Oslo, Norway, American Mineralogist. 69, 388-390.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 10
'Apatite'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L.O. (1991): Nye mineraler fra Huken, Grorud, Oslo. Mi-Fo.78, 2.; Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Kjerulf, T. (1865): Veiviser ved geologiske Excursioner i Christiania Omegn. Universitetsprogram for andet Halvaar 1865, 1-43 p. 41.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1892): Om dannelse af jernmalmforekomster. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 6, 70.
'Biotite'
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 10
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Keilhau, B. M. (1838) Gaea Norvegica. Erstes Heft. Christiania, Johann Dahl. p. 86.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
'Chabazite'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1884): Norske ertsforekomster I. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. 9, 231-300 (p. 262).; Kvamsdal, L. O. (2015): Chalkositt (kobberglans) fra Huken, Grorud, Oslo. Stein. 42(1), 16-17
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: The distance between Gruesletten and Huken is 700 - 800 m. Katophorite occures in the grorudite-dyke whitch runs through the occurrences.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 37
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1884): Norske ertsforekomster I. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. 9, 231-300.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- additional data and summary. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 98-112 [with analysis of heulandite-Ca from Huken]
'Hornblende'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O., (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. Stein. 26 (4),14-47
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O., (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. Stein. 26 (4),14-47
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 11
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 11
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1884): Norske ertsforekomster I. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. 9, 231-300
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl.1894, no. 4).
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl.1894, no. 4) p. 10.
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 10
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 11
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. (1984) An unusual titanium-rich oxide mineral from Oslo, Norway, American Mineralogist. 69, 388-390
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1884): Norske ertsforekomster I. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. 9, 231-300
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
'UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV'
Formula: (Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. (1984): An unusual titanium-rich oxide mineral from Oslo, Norway. American Mineralogist: 69: 388-390
Wöhlerite ?
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p 11
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 11

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Nukundamite2.CA.10Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wöhlerite ?9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV'-(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Nukundamite2.9.15.1Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Wöhlerite ?56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Mogánite-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV'-(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MogániteSiO2
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
FFluorine
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MogániteSiO2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
VVanadium
V UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
CrChromium
Cr UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
MnManganese
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe UM1984-20-O:CrFeHTiV(Fe3+,Cr3+,V3+)Ti2O6•nH2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Carboniferous
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3142097
Carboniferous granite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granite group}, Minor{monzonite,syenite,plutonic ultramafic group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3192538
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kjerulf, T. (1865): Veiviser ved geologiske Excursioner i Christiania Omegn. Universitetsprogram for andet Halvaar 1865: 1-43
Vogt, J.H.L. (1884): Norske ertsforekomster I. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. 9, 231-300 [p.
Vogt, J.H.L. (1892): Om dannelse af jernmalmforekomster. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 6, 70.[find of azurite]
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait-Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4).
Segalstad, T.V. (1984) An unusual titanium-rich oxide mineral from Oslo, Norway, American Mineralogist: 69: 388-390.
Berg, H.-J. (1990): Etter Neumann. Scheelitt. CaWo4. Montmorillonitt (Na,Ca)0,3(Al,Mg)2Si4O10(OH)2 * nH2O. STEIN 17(3), 40.
Kvamsdal, L.O. (1991): Nye mineraler fra Huken, Grorud, Oslo. Mi-Fo.78, 2.
Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47.
Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- additional data and summary. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 98-112 [with analysis of heulandite-Ca from Huken]
Kvamsdal, L. O. (2015): Chalkositt (kobberglans) fra Huken, Grorud, Oslo. Stein. 42(1), 16-17


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