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State of Texas Mine, Montezuma Canyon, Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District), Huachuca Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 21' 2'' North , 110° 16' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.35056,-110.27222
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


‡Ref.: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 67 (Table 4).

Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 38-39.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 228, 377.

U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.

Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources State of Texas mine file.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048121, MRDS ID #M800146; and, Dep. ID #10234246, MAS ID #0040030218.

A former small underground Zn-Pb-Ag-Cu-Au mine located on 1 patented and 6 unpatented claims in the SW ¼ sec. 12 & NW ¼ sec. 13, T.24S., R.20E., on the north side Montezuma Canyon, at approximately 5,700 feet of altitude, near the SE end of the range. Produced 1897-1947. NOTE: This mine is located in a wilderness area and collecting is strictly prohibited. Discovered by August Baron about 1889 and was surveyed for patent in 1898; a few years later Baron's claim and 32 other claims were acquired by the Mitchell Development Co., of Ishpeming, Michigan. Subsequently held by Miss Grace Sparkes (circa 1951).

Mineralization is irregular replacement orebodies of sulfides with lime silicates in folded and faulted impure Pennsylvanian-Permian Naco Group limestone and Escabrosa Limestone along the contact with Jurassic Huachuca Quartz Monzonite. The contact is inclined approximately 30N.

The ore replaced favorable portions of the impure limestone with the arch of a northward-plunging low anticline. The roof in the southern part of the stope shows a fault dipping 20º southward immediately above the ore. Two fissure zones, about 25 feet apart, striking N.80ºW. and almost vertical, are associated with the best-developed mineralization.

From top to bottom, this side of the canyon shows the following sequence of rocks: (1) Granite, classified as quartz monzonite, forming large mass of the ridge; (2) marble, approximately 60 feet thick; (3) impure, dark gray limestone, approximately 40 feet thick; (4) porphyry sill, 5 to 20 feet thick; and (5) reddish-brown shale, sandstone, and quartzite to the bed of the canyon.

The marble and limestone resemble portions of the Carboniferous Escabrosa and Naco formations, and the underlying shale-sandstone series is probably Cretaceous. Low-angle and steep reverse faulting has thrust the older rocks over the younger rocks (Cretaceous sandstone). The porphyry sill was intruded along a low-angle fault, and presumably the larger masses of quartz monzonite came in along zones of reverse and shear faulting. In places renewed fault movement occurred along the contacts. For example, a fault zone dipping 80º northward and locally marked by copper stain, separates the marble from the intrusive mass north of the mine. The marble and limestone south of this fault form a belt approximately 350 feet wide and several hundred feet long from east to west. Their beds in general dip 15º to 50º northward, but in places they have been deformed by flexures and faults.

Workings in 1903 included 3 tunnels and a shaft about 250 feet deep, and a shallower shaft, plus about 250 feet of drifts and an irregular stope about 80 feet in maximum length and bredth by 5 to 15 feet high. This mine was reportedly worked by Spaniards originally and again in the late 1880's. Some 1,791 tons of ore were produced in 1943-1947. This yielded 330,000 pounds of Zn and contained 1.0% to 6.65% Pb, and 0.2 to 1.12% Cu, together with 2.75 to 11.0 oz Ag and less than 0.1 oz. Au/T.

NOTE: This mine is now within the boundaries of a wilderness area. Public access is unrestricted but collecting is strictly prohibited. If caught, any collected materials will be confiscated and violators risk charges.

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tithonian - Bajocian
145 - 170.3 Ma



ID: 2847715
Jurassic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 170.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gardner Canyon Formation; Rudolfo Redbeds; Recreation Red Beds; Topawa Group; Harquar Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate derived from volcanic rocks with associated intermediate-composition lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. In southern Arizona this unit includes rocks of the Artesa sequence, Pitoikam Formation, Mulberry Wash volcanics, Rudolfo Red Beds, Recreation Red Beds, and Gardner Canyon Formation. In western Arizona it includes the Harquar Formation, rocks of Slumgullion, and related(?) unnamed units in the Kofa and Middle Mountains. This unit is characterized by maroon, brown, and purplish-gray volcanic-lithic sandstone and siltstone, with subordinate to abundant conglomerate, quartz-rich sandstone and sparse limestone. (150-170 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,siltstone,conglomerate}, Minor:{felsic volcanic,limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



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