A former opencast Li-Sn-Be-Nb-Ta-mica-stone (crushed/broken) occurrence/mine. Started about 1938 and owned by the Foote Mineral Co. The Foote Mine has been closed to collecting for many years and most of the dumps and workings have been reclaimed.
Mineralization is a lithia-bearing granite pegmatite (quartz-microcline-spodumene pegmatite), hosted in the Cherryville Quartz Monzonite, schist and amphibolite. Famous for a variety of rare phosphates and silicates.
Local structures include the Kings Mountain Belt.
158 valid minerals. 13
- type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality
is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys.
This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
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Kesler, T.L. (1942) The tin-spodumene belt of the Carolinas. USGS Bulletin 936-J: 245-268. (see link below)
Griffitts, W.R. (1954) Beryllium Resources of the Tin-Spodumene Belt, North Carolina, USGS Circular 309.
Brannock, K.C. (1967) Rocks and Minerals: 42 (June): 403-406.
White Jr., J.S. (1969) A lithiophosphate occurrence in North Carolina. American Mineralogist: 54(10): 1467-1469.
Leavens, P.B., White, J.S., and Hey, M.H. (1970) Eakerite-- a New Tin Silicate. The Mineralogical Record: 1(3): 92-96.
White, J.S. and Nelen, J.A. (1973) Tetrawickmanite, Tetragonal MnSn(OH)6 A New Mineral From North Carolina, and the Stottite Group. The Mineralogical Record: 4(1): 24-30.
White, J.S., Arem, J.E., Nelen, J.A., Leavens, P.B., and Thomssen, R.W. (1973) Brannockite, a new tin mineral. The Mineralogical Record: 4(2): 73-76.
Rocks and Minerals (1975) (November-December).
Thomssen, R.W. and Anthony, J.W. (1977) Lithiophilite crystals from the Foote mine. The Mineralogical Record: 8(2): 95-97.
Rocks and Minerals (1978) (July-August).
Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., White, J.S. and Ramik, R.A. (1979) Kingsmountite, a new mineral isostructural with montgomeryite. Canadian Mineralogist: 17(3): 579-582.
Wilson, W.F. and McKenzie, B.J. (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: 50.
White, J.S. (1981) Mineralogy of the Foote Mine, Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48.
Kunasz, I.A. (1982) Foote Mineral Company, Kings Mountain Operation, in Cerny. P.(Editor): Short Course.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., and Simmons, W.B. (1984) Earlshannonite, the Mn analogue of whitmoreite, from North Carolina. Canadian Mineralogist: 22(3): 471-474.
Rocks & Minerals (1985) 60: 65, 76-83.
White, J.S. and Nelen, J.A. (1987) Monazite and Calcioancylite from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record: 18(3): 203-205.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., White Jr., J.S., Grice, J.D., and Chi, P.H. (1990) Lithiomarsturite, a new member of the pyroxenoid group, from North Carolina. American Mineralogist: 75(4): 409-414.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, 68.
Anderson, A.J. et al. (1994) Zabuyelite in spodumene-bearing pegmatites, GAC-MAC Program Abstracts: 19: A3.
White, J.S. (1994) Saddle-Shaped Rhodochrosite Crystals from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record: 25(2): 131.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Biadh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume 4, Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona: 591.
Freed, H. (2000) Forgotten Emeralds? The Mineralogical Record: 31(6): 518.
Bernard, Jan H. and Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and Their Localities: 67, 85, 106, 190, 198, 357, 376, 395, 567, 658.
Atencio, D., Matioli, P.A., Smith, J.B., Chukanov, N.V., Coutinho, J.M.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., and Möckel, S. (2008) Footemineite, the Mn-analog of atencioite, from the Foote mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland County, North Carolina, U.S.A., and its relationship with other roscherite-group minerals. American Mineralogist: 93: 1-6.
Hogan, Davison L., Tabor, Beth M., Harper, John R., North, Brandon K., Vanhazebroeck, Ethan, Lawler, Jesse D., Saenger, Abigail L., Tayor, Nicholas J., Fleisher, Christopher J., and Swanson, Samuel E (2012) Comparison of Mineralogy of Li Pegmatites In The Kings Mountain District, North Carolina, Geological Society of America.
Saenger, Abigail L. and Swanson, Samuel E. (2012) Mineralogy of Primary Phosphate Minerals in Li Pegmatites of the Kings Mountain District, North Carolina. The Geological Society of America.
Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., MacRae, C.M., Smith, J.B., and Keck, E. (2016) Kayrobertsonite, MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2·6H2O, a new phosphate mineral related to nordgauite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 649-654.