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Foote Lithium Co. Mine (Foote Mine), Kings Mountain District, Cleveland Co., North Carolina, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Mark Kucera
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 12' 39'' North , 81° 21' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.21111,-81.35556
GeoHash:G#: dnq0k9yxw
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


A former opencast Li-Sn-Be-Nb-Ta-mica-stone (crushed/broken) occurrence/mine. Started about 1938 and owned by the Foote Mineral Co. The Foote Mine has been closed to collecting for many years and most of the dumps and workings have been reclaimed.

Mineralization is a lithia-bearing granite pegmatite (quartz-microcline-spodumene pegmatite), hosted in the Cherryville Quartz Monzonite, schist and amphibolite. Famous for a variety of rare phosphates and silicates.

Information on the dumps:
"The ‘east dump’ is primarily oxidation zone material that was dumped between 1955 and the early 1980s, but other material was added as space was needed. The north dump (which since 2015 is now covered by a park) was primarily low-grade spodumene pegmatite and albitite tertiary gangue, but oxidized zone material was also added as it was encountered. Nearly all of the oxidation zone phosphates were collected on the ‘east dump’, including the type earlshannonite, kingsmountite, mangangordonite, ferraioloite, footemineite, kayrobertsonite, etc., but many of these minerals can be found along the outside rim of the inactive pit in oxidized pegmatite, which is why adding a second locality is redundant. This was a very large open-pit operation, and there are many other smaller dumps in addition to the main two mentioned here. The reason so many type species were found on the east dump is only because it was readily accessible and had the highest concentration of oxidized material. Lithiomarsturite, tetrawickmanite and other species were originally collected on the ‘north dump’." (Jason B. Smith, https://www.mindat.org/mesg-14-447979.html)

Local structures include the Kings Mountain Belt.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Foote Spodumene Mine, King`s Mnt., Cleveland Co, North Carolina, USA
Foote Mine, Kings Mountain District, North Carolina, USA
Foote Mine, King`s Mountain, Cleveland Co, North Carolina, USA

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


161 valid minerals. 15 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: Splintery prismatic to blocky.
Colour: Dark green, grey-green.
Fluorescence: none
Description: See further under holmquistite. Actinolite is the amphibole other than holmquistite likely to be encountered at Foote. It too is characteristic of contact-zone areas but not as sharply and dramatically as the holmquistite. The actinolite makes fatter spl
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, July-August, 1978.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Description: The majority of vugs and crystallized seams in the Foote pegmatite contain small but typically nice crystals of albite, often as the backdrop for the more desirable and famous species that crystallized over it such as fluorapatite, fairfieldite, meta-swit
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hogan,Davison L.,Tabor,Beth M.,Harper,John R.,North,Brandon K.,Vanhazebroeck,Ethan.,Lawler,Jesse D.,Saenger,Abigail L.,Tayor,Nicholas J.,Fleisher,Christopher J.and Swanson,Samuel E (2012) Comparison of Mineralogy of Li Pegmatites In The Kings Mountain District,North Carolina:Geological Society of America
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Habit: Dodecahedrons.
Colour: Brick red, brown from weathering.
Fluorescence: none
Description: Most frequently encountered in the contact zone. Most specimens retained are uninspiring micros.
Reference: Collections of Jason Smith, Steve Adams, Roger Barnett and others.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/altaite.pdf
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Kings Mountain Belt, Carolina Geological Society, Fieldtrip Oct 13 -15 ,1956, Thomas L. Kesler
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Kings Mountain Belt, Carolina Geological Society, Fieldtrip Oct 13 -15 ,1956, Thomas L. Kesler: Kesler,T.L.,1942,The Tin-Spodumene Belt of The Carolinas;USGS Bulletion No.936-J
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. M1180-00
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. M1180-00
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: Trapezohedrons.
Colour: colorless
Description: Colorless xls found rarely on fractures in holmquistite.
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 68; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Aniyunwiyaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Description: Found on "east dump".
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Smith, J.B. and Macrae, C.M. (2018) Aniyunwiyaite, IMA 2018-054. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Habit: Tiny prisms.
Colour: lead-gray
Description: Tiny prisms with pyrite, cassiterite, and parsettensite in cavities in albite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Habit: Tabular, flattened tetragonal plates.
Colour: Neon-green to yellow.
Description: Very nice, transparent xls in highly oxidized cavitites.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, May-June, 2005; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Habit: tabular
Colour: pale yellow
Fluorescence: no
Description: Very rare occurence as the slices of "bread" on autunite "sandwiches" and as single, tiny tabular xls that do not fluoresce associated with rockbridgeite, strengite, and other iron-rich phosphates.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Habit: Prismatic, striated prisms and curved accicular needles.
Colour: Colorless, white.
Description: Occurs in almost every paragenesis as bladed, sharp crystals or bowtie groups and accicular bundles of curved crystals.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg # 67; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Habit: Accicular, in bundles with radial arrangement or occasionaly as sharp singles.
Colour: bright red, orange, yellow, dark green, light brown
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: Tabular
Colour: bright, transparent brownish red
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Colour: Colorless
Description: Usually slender prismatic blades. Less common are thin tabular plates, typically in bundles like a file drawer in dis-array. The lack of fluorescence would distinguish such crystals from brannockite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: Crystals faces rare, incomplete. Usually embedded grains.
Colour: Majority is white (and overlooked). Emerald is known. Also pale green, pale blue.
Fluorescence: none
Description: Quote from ref.: The beryl in the pegmatites is white to pale green or pale blue; white beryl predominates. The beryl grains range in diameter from 0.001 inch to as much as 2 inches; most are very small, few measuring more than 0.1 inch... The fine-grai
Reference: U.S. Dept. Interior Geol. Survey Circ. 309 "Beryllium Resources of the Tin-Spodumene Belt, NC", 1954/1959, by W.R. Griffitts; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Freed,Hilton (2000) "Forgotton Emeralds?: Mineralogical Record Vol.31,Nov-Dec 2000,p.518
Bikitaite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Habit: Long tabular prismatic blades.
Colour: Colorless
Description: Generally conceded to be the world's finest locality for the species.
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 1: 92.; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
'Biotite'
Description: Biotite is Rb,Cs-rich.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Habit: Botryoidal. Dendritic.
Colour: black, dark brown
Description: Botryoidal clots or dendritic groups in the oxidized zone with phosphates. Pulverant.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Habit: Tiny rosettes of hexagons.
Colour: Beige to tannish-yellow.
Description: A very rare mineral only found in the lithiomarsturite association with braonnockite, tetrawickmanite, Sn bearing titanite and others. Very few specimens known.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities, pg # 85; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Habit: no distinct crystals observed.
Colour: bronze with tarnish.
Fluorescence: none
Description: Usually as small embedded grains.
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Brannockite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Habit: Platy.
Colour: Colorless. Also white or off-white.
Fluorescence: blue or blue-white SW. Important diagnostic tool.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 65, 76-83.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Habit: Tufts or smooth spheres of radially arranged acicular crystals.
Colour: Orange, yellow-orange.
Description: Tiny smooth spheres to clusters with more distinct crystals.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60(2): 79.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Habit: blocky xls with polycrystalline coating of monazite-Ce
Colour: grey to pale brown, zoned
Description: Blocky xls to .7mm with coatings of monazite-Ce on holmquistite with pyrite.
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 203-205.
Calcioferrite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Habit: prismatic to accicular
Colour: white to very pale yellow, iron-stained
Description: Verified by EDS in 2004.
Reference: JanH.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg # 106
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: While the eosphorite end-member of the series is definite at Foote, Jason Smith and other Foote authorities remain unconvinced of the presence of this end-member. Smith would know what evidence, if any, exists for its presence - I suggest inquiring of him. was confirmed with EDS 5-2011
Reference: Kenny Gay, Steve Adams
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Habit: Platy prisms, platy to irregular masses.
Colour: Black, lustrous or submetallic.
Fluorescence: none
Description: See further under fersmite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, November-December, 1975.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Jason Smith collection
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: A. Kampf 2-2018
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: "There is no dolomite at Foote" quoting Foote Mine mineral authority Jason Smith. "It makes no sense for there to be any dolomite, magnesite or montgomeryite given the complete absence of secondary magnesium at Foote" quoting geologist and Foote Mine collector Kenny Gay.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1978) 53:158-173, Jason Smith, Kenny Gay, Steve Adams
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: jbs collection Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165800-00,134271-00,134273-00 and 134274-00.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Most of the distinctively green acicular material in the rockbridgeite series at this mine is frondelite, but analysis has turned up occassional examples of dufrenite - very rare at Foote.
Reference: Jason Smith collection, Steve Adams collection Kesler,T.L.,1942,The Tin-Spodumene Belt Of The Carolinas:USGS Bulletion No.936-J
Eakerite (TL)
Formula: Ca2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Description: Only locality for crystals. Topaz-like prismatic crystals up to 5/8ths inch.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg #190; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Earlshannonite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: prismatic, radiating, "sea-mines"
Colour: brown to brownish red to orange-yellow
Reference: Peacor, D. R. et al (1984) Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 471-474.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Robert Whitmore collection
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg #198; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Habit: Crystals very rare, usually subhedral colorless.
Colour: White or off-white.
Fluorescence: Brilliant red SW - diagnostic.
Description: One of very few localities with known crystals up to 5mm, some with many faces. Found in thin fractures in altered spodumene.
Reference: Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Habit: Diverse - tabular, prismatic, spheroids, equant, flowers (bladed hemispheres)
Colour: Cream, beige, white, pinkish, golden, tan, colorless.
Fluorescence: Unobserved.
Description: The known diversity, quality and quantity of this species soared after its recognition at the Foote Mine, which remains - although not the type locality - the word's premier locality for fairfieldite.
Reference: Brannock, K.C. (1967) Rocks and Minerals: June: 403-406.; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Fanfaniite (TL)
Formula: Ca4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Description: Found on "east dump".
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Smith, J.B. and Macrae, C.M. (2018) Fanfaniite, IMA 2018-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx
Ferraioloite (TL)
Formula: MgMn2+4(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Reference: Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Macrae, C.M., Smith, J.B., Davidson, C.J. and Glenn, A.M. (2016) Ferraioloite, a new secondary phosphate mineral from the Foote mine, USA. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28(3), 655‒661.
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Habit: see comments
Colour: dark brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: "Foote fersmite is clearly epitaxial on columbite. The two species form a mineral "sandwich"...this fersmite is brown and quite resinous while the columbite is typically black and lustrous." - John Sampson White
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, November-December, 1975.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: Diverse. Euhedral to anhedral, equant, tabular, prismatic, etc.
Colour: Purple, lavender, sky blue, yellow, brown, mauve, pink, aqua, etc.
Reference: Jack Eaker collection.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Footemineite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Habit: Prismatic, tapering barrells to 1.7mm in groups to 3mm.
Colour: Pale to bright yellow and yellowish-orange.
Fluorescence: none
Description: Found on dumps. Associated with milarite, rhodochrosite, analcime, fairfieldite, apatite, and eosphorite. This same phase was found in the mid 70s in a similar assemblage with much smaller crystals.
Reference: Atencio, D., Matioli, P.A., Smith, J.B., Chukanov, N.V., Coutinho, J.M.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möckel, S. (2008): Footemineite, the Mn-analog of atencioite, from the Foote mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland County, North Carolina, U.S.A., and its relationship with other roscherite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 93, 1-6.
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: cleavages in fresh pegmatite. very rarely encountered.
Reference: Jason Smith collection, Kenny Gay collection (former Steve Adams collection).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, pp#50
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Habit: tetrahedrons
Colour: yellow to orange
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.166758-00
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Holmquistite
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: As blue-grey to lavender-grey fibrous or felted masses, usually with intermixed biotite and chlorite, blanketing the entire pegmatite body at its contact with the schist country rock. While not impressive, this is a good source for samples of the species.
Reference: rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/holmquistite.pdf; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Habit: tabular, rosettes
Colour: pale pink to rose and dark red to earthy yellow when oxidized
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: radial aggregates
Colour: white
Description: Found a whole flat full of the material in august of 2003 in Louis Shrums garage. Verified optically as hydromagnesite. No longer dubious. Jason S.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48. Wilson,W.F and McKenzie.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites In North Carolina, pp#50
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Habit: Opaque, white hexagons in the oxidized zone.
Colour: white, color-zoned colorless and white
Description: Stubby, opaque white xls with beraunite, eosphorite, and etched fluorapatite in the oxidized zone.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Habit: Opaque, white hexagons in the oxidized zone.
Colour: white, color-zoned colorless and white
Description: Stubby, opaque white xls with beraunite, eosphorite, and etched fluorapatite in the oxidized zone.
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Description: Occurs in lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 65, 76-83.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: A. Kampf 2-2018
Kastningite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: prismatic to tabular
Colour: colorless to very pale yellow
Description: I have found this species on specimens dating back to 1967. Commonly was found then in the oxidized zone and mislabled as faifieldite. More commmon than previouly thought. I have seen over 40 specimens now in other collections and have collected at least twice that many. Jason S.
Reference: confirmed by EDS/XRD, New Orleans University, 2001
Kayrobertsonite (TL)
Formula: [MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
Description: Found on the east dump
Reference: Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., MacRae, C.M., Smith, J.B. and Keck, E. (2015) Kayrobertsonite, IMA 2015- 029. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 944; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947.;Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., MacRae, C.M., Smith, J.B., Keck, E. (2016): Kayrobertsonite, MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2·6H2O, a new phosphate mineral related to nordgauite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 649-654.
Kingsmountite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Habit: prismatic to accicular, wedge-shaped
Colour: white to pale yellow
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979): 17: 579-582.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Graton,Louis C.,(1906) Reconnaissance of some gold and tin deposits of the Southern Appalachians:U.S Geological Survey Bulletion 293
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: jbs collection
Lithiomarsturite (TL)
Formula: LiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Habit: rhombic; also as "slightly divergent crystal bundles with irregular terminations"
Colour: "sherry," with very light color in terminations and edges.
Fluorescence: none
Description: "Each vug examined is lined with euhedral white albite crystals, upon which have grown transparent prismatic fluorapatite crystals, usually pale violet in color, and pyrite in simple cubes. Sprays of bavenite occur commonly, either in clusters of delicate. Also associated with brannockite, tetrawickmanite, and stannian titanite.
Reference: American Mineralogist, volume 75, pages 409-414, 1990.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Habit: Prismatic single or stellate, also equant, semi-rhombic, others.
Colour: Transparent orange, peach, pink, pale to dark.
Fluorescence: None
Description: Worlds finest lithiophilite locality. Single xls to 2.4cm have been collected. Beautiful micro xls to 4mm were common right before the end of quarrying.
Reference: John S. White, "Mineralogy of the Foote Mine" in Geol. Invest. of the Kings Mtn. Belt...1981; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469 ; Thomssen, R. W. & Anthony, J. W. (1977): Lithiophilite crystals from the Foote mine. Mineralogical Record 8 (2): 95-97; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Lithiophosphate
Formula: Li3PO4
Habit: blocky, very similar to topaz
Colour: colorless to light brown
Description: Extremely rare. Large xl on matrix in the smithsonian collection.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg # 357; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Magnesite ?
Formula: MgCO3
Description: "It makes no sense for there to be dolomite, magnesite or montgomeryite given the complete absence of secondary magnesium at Foote" quoting geologist and Foote Mine collector Kenny Gay.
Reference: Kenny Gay, Steve Adams
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Very rare at Foote.
Reference: Suggest consulting Jason Smith.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Altered product of Chalcopyrite on Albite
Reference: Kenny Gay Collection
Mangangordonite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: tabular, by analogy to laueite
Colour: white to colorless
Description: Fine crystals to around 2mm. Associated with hureaulite, rittmannite, eosphorite, etc.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg #376, Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 170110-00 and 168575-00.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Usually acicular
Colour: bronze
Fluorescence: none
Description: Usually embedded as tiny acicular inclusions in transparent fluorapatite crystals; less commonly free on albite crystals in vugs, often with fluorapatite, fairfieldite, bavenite or others. The mineral produces some good quality micromounts, but never anyt
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Matulaite
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Habit: Pulverant white balls to very rare sharp, platy crystals in tiny groups.
Colour: white
Reference: JBS collection
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.166313-00
Metaswitzerite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Pink to brown bundles of tabular xls. Looses moisture rapidly and over the years the crystals delaminate. Crystals up to 6mm.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg # 395; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs in lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:65 & 76-83.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Habit: Drusy at 40x or higher.
Colour: Olive green to cinnamon-tan. Greener >Fe, tan >Mn.
Description: Not uncommon as unimpressive secondary stains of early paragenesis, often with more desirable phosphates crystallizing over it.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Habit: polycrystalline coating
Colour: grey
Description: As coatings on calcioancylite-Ce xls on holmquistite with pyrite.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, V18, May-June 1987, 203-205
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118787-00
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Habit: radial accicular
Colour: white
Description: radially arrange accicular xls on quartz. One-time find.
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.163023-00
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: Very nice crystals can be collected, but they are usually micro.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Habit: None. "waxy or pitchy with a conchoidal fracture"
Colour: Dark brown
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Mineralogical Record, vol. 18, March-April, 1987, pages 133-134.
Nizamoffite
Formula: Mn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
Reference: Jason Smith collection, A. Kampf PXRD/EDS 5/2018
Nordgauite
Formula: MnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Description: Among the kastningite photos accessed on the Foote Mine roster is one labeled "kastningite, nordgauite" which states that the nordgauite was confirmed by PXRD. The photo is copyright 2007 by Foote Mine authority Jason Smith. Further, under MinDat's listing for the species nordgauite is a photo of the species with the Foote Mine given as the locality. This is stated to be in the collection of luigi Chiappino, photo by Germano Fretti.
Reference: Collections and photos of Jason Smith and Luigi Chiappino
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Fluorescence: Mildly fluorescent yellow SW UV. Unlike the vividly yellow fluorescence of richer hyalite well known from the Spruce Pine pegmatites, Mitchell County, NC. The difference is in the extent of uranium salts - present but diminutive at Foote but much richer in the Spruce Pine pegmatites.
Description: Opal in the variety of "hyalite" occurs as colorless thin bubbly patches on seam surfaces, formed on the underside of horizontal seams in the rock. It frequently coats stains and coatings of green to black secondary phosphates (mitridatite, rockbridgeite) which show through the colorless opal.
Reference: Collections of Kenny Gay and Steve Adams, material collected by Jason Smith
Parascholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Jason B. Smith Collection
Paravauxite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: tabular
Colour: pale yellow, semi-transparent
Description: Confirmed in early 2004 in several specimens from one boulder on the dumps.
Reference: Confirmed, EDS, 2004; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Habit: Platy, rosettes, spheroids
Colour: Pearly brown, golden-tan or non-metallic bronze, alters to black.
Fluorescence: None
Description: Formerly "unknown #2." Sometimes confused for meta-switzerite (and vice-versa). Certainly the worlds best locality for the species.
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1994) 25:131
Petalite ?
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. M117900-00
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.165800-00,134271-00,134273-00,and 134274-00.
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Habit: twinned to single tabular
Colour: colorless to pale green
Description: Nice crystals to 7mm. One occurence with scholzite, schoonerite, etc.
Reference: SEM-EDS, New Orleans University, 12/02
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Pseudolaueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: tabular
Colour: orange
Description: Nice tabular xls associated with other phosphates. Has been collected 4 times by myself (jason smith) and I assume it is in someone else collection out there somewhere.
Reference: Jason B. Smith (visual identification)
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Reference: Kesler,T.L.,1942,The Tin-Spodumene Belt Of The Carolinas:USGS Bulletion No.936-J. Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.170115-00
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Cubo-octahedrons, cubes, octahedrons. Diploids rare.
Description: Nice crystals in micro sizes common, but larger specimens of quality unknown.
Reference: Most Foote collections have good examples.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82 ; Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.119411-00
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Good crystals are usually very small. Abundant as sugary-granular masses in the pegmatite pulverized from tectonic stress.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: White,John Sampson,March 1994, Mineralogical Record; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Rittmannite
Formula: {(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: XRD/EDS 2006 Jason B. Smith
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Roscherite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Habit: bunches of leaf like crystals
Colour: pale green
Description: True, monoclinic roscherite is found here. Most of the older specimens labelled roshcerite are most likely footemineite.
Reference: Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Very rare at Foote - only a few examples known
Reference: Jason Smith knows the whereabouts of all known examples.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Santabarbaraite
Formula: Fe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118924-01
Scholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Habit: blocky to tabular
Colour: white to near colorless
Description: Blocky to tabular xls with phosphophyllite. Parascholzite is probably present but material has not been X-rayed.
Reference: EDS-SEM. New Orleans University. 12/02
Schoonerite
Formula: ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Habit: accicular, clearly orthorhombic
Colour: brown with golden sheen
Description: Associated intimately with phosphophyllite and scholzite on only six specimens.
Reference: Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Abundant in the schist country rock, occassional in contact zone and essentially absent deeper in the pegmatite. Terminations rarely observed.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: White, John Sampson, March 1994, Mineralogical Record; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: White,J.S,1981,Mineralogy of the Foote Mine,Kings Mountain,North Carolina.In J.W Horton,J.R. Butler,and D.J Milton.Eds.,Geological investigations of the Kings Mountain belt and adjacent area in the Carolinas,pg39-48.Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Gudebook 1981,South Carolina Geological Survey,Colunbia,South Carolina; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: Usually pale celery-green and opaque.
Description: Ubiquitous in the pegmatite, being the ore mineral sought here. Among the world's richest deposits of the mineral (20% of pegmatite). Hard to collect uncleaved crystals. Size reaches about twenty inches long by four inches wide, but most are less than six inches long.
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg # 567; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Description: In the metamorphic country rock.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Steinmetzite
Formula: Zn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
Reference: A. Kampf 2-2018
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: prismatic to accicular, wedge-shaped
Colour: orange
Reference: No reference listed
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Colour: Usually colorless or white. Mn-rich examples pink or lavender.
Description: At Foote the mineral is aluminum-rich and iron-poor. Green colors unobserved. May be hard to distinguish from phosphosiderite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Habit: complex xls
Colour: light to bright yellow
Description: Tiny xls in casts left behind by pyrite xls in the oxidized zone with strengite.
Swinefordite (TL)
Formula: Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Habit: A clay. Hydrated: "resemble petroleum jelly." Stable: "resembles mountain leather."
Colour: "light greenish-grey to greyish olive." Old dump material turns dark.
Description: Formed by weathering of lithium-rich silicates. Often appears on and replacing spodumene, lining fracture seams, and coating small crystals of albite, quartz and fluorapatite. Scarce after closing of mine, but still being found. Also found associated with
Reference: American Mineralogist, volume 60, pages 540-547, 1975.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Switzerite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p204]; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Habit: balls of plates
Colour: white
Description: With parsettensite or tremolite. Also found in wall-rock (country rock) in seams with prehnite and calcite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Tetrawickmanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Habit: Pseudooctahedral, basal pinacoid; also subhedral. Forms (112), (001), also (100) faintly.
Colour: Honey yellow, yellow-brown, "turbid brownish orange"
Fluorescence: none
Description: Crystals up to 1.5mm.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, vol. 4, January-February 1973. pages 24-30.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Tinticite ?
Formula: Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Reference: Anthony,J.W.,Bideaux,R.A.,Biadh,K.W.,and Nichols,M.C.,(2000)Handbook of Mineralogy Volume 4,Arsenates,phosphates,uraninates,vanadates,Mineral Data Publishing,Tucson,Arizona,pg.591
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Sn-free titanite is found here as well
Titanite var: Stanniferous Titanite
Formula: Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: To many to list here. If interested, we can e-mail them to you.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: To many to list here. If interested, we can e-mail them to you.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Saenger,Abigail L and Swanson,Samuel E.(2012) Mineralogy Of Primary Phosphate Minerals In Li Pegmatites Of The Kings Mountain Distict, North Carolina; The Geological Society Of America
Triploidite ?
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Description: Dubious.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Uralolite
Formula: Ca2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
Fluorescence: Fluorescence - white S. W
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Habit: smooth spheres of tiny accicular xls
Colour: white
Description: Confirmed on a small number of specimens associated with mangangordonite xls.
Reference: Indentified by EDS, 2004 . Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.150243-00
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: White,John Sampson, March 1994, Mineralogical Record; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: A. Kampf 2-2018
Whiteite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: A. Kampf 2-2018
Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
Formula: {(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:65 & 76-83.
Whitmoreite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: Red Brown single thick bladed crystals with strengite and rittmanite.
Colour: Red brown
Description: Anthony Kampf PXRD confirmed 2014.
Reference: Jason Smith collection
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg # 658
Xanthoxenite
Formula: Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,(1980)Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48 ;Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.134291-00
Zabuyelite
Formula: Li2CO3
Description: Found as subatomic crystals in fluid inclusions in spodumene in the pegmatite.
Reference: Anderson, A. J., et al. (1994):"Zabuyelite in spodumene-bearing pegmatites", GAC-MAC Program Abstr. 19, A3
'Zinnwaldite'
Description: This mineral does not occur within the body of the pegmatite, but it is present in the country rock along the contact zone associated with holmquistite. The mineral appears as brown flakes of easily-visible size resembling phlogopite.
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Birnessite'4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tetrawickmanite (TL)4.FC.15Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wickmanite4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcioancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite ?5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite ?5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Zabuyelite5.AA.05Li2CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Amblygonite' ?8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
'Autunite'8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
'Bassetite'8.EB.10Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
'Beraunite'8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Bermanite'8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Calcioferrite'8.DH.25Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Diadochite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Earlshannonite (TL)8.DC.15Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Footemineite (TL)8.DA.10Ca2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kastningite8.DC.30(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kingsmountite (TL)8.DH.25Ca4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Lithiophosphate8.AA.20Li3PO4
Mangangordonite (TL)8.DC.30Mn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Matulaite8.DK.30(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metaswitzerite (TL)8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moraesite8.DA.05Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Nordgauite8.DC.30MnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Parascholzite8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Paravauxite8.DC.30Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phosphophyllite8.CA.40Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudolaueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Rittmannite8.DH.15{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Roscherite8.DA.10Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Santabarbaraite8.CE.80Fe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Scholzite8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Schoonerite8.DB.15ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Switzerite (TL)8.CE.25(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Tinticite ?8.DC.32Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triploidite ?8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Uralolite8.DA.15Ca2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whiteite-(MnFeMg)8.DH.15{(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whitmoreite8.DC.15Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Xanthoxenite8.DH.40Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Axinite-(Fe)'9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Bavenite'9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
'Bertrandite'9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Bikitaite'9.GD.55LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
'Bityite'9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
'Brannockite' (TL)9.CM.05(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eakerite (TL)9.CG.05Ca2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Holmquistite9.DD.05☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lithiomarsturite (TL)9.DK.05LiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Petalite ?9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Swinefordite (TL)9.EC.45Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Stanniferous Titanite9.AG.15Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Aniyunwiyaite' (TL)-Ca3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
'Biotite'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fanfaniite (TL)-Ca4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Ferraioloite (TL)-MgMn2+4(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Kayrobertsonite (TL)-[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
Lepidolite-
Nizamoffite-Mn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Steinmetzite-Zn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
Whiteite-(CaMnMn)-{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Zinnwaldite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)3
Tetrawickmanite (TL)6.3.7.2Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Wickmanite6.3.6.1Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite ?14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Zabuyelite14.1.6.2Li2CO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite ?14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Lithiophosphate38.4.10.1Li3PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bassetite40.2a.16.1Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Parascholzite40.2.5.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Phosphophyllite40.2.7.1Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Scholzite40.2.6.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Metaswitzerite (TL)40.3.5.2Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Switzerite (TL)40.3.5.4(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite ?41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triploidite ?41.6.3.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Moraesite42.6.1.1Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Roscherite42.7.7.1Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Uralolite42.7.6.1Ca2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Schoonerite42.8.3.1ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Calcioferrite42.11.8.3Ca2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Earlshannonite (TL)42.11.20.4Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)42.11.2.2{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)42.11.2.1{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)42.11.2.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kingsmountite (TL)42.11.8.2Ca4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Mangangordonite (TL)42.11.14.5Mn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Nordgauite42.11.11.3MnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Paravauxite42.11.14.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pseudolaueite42.11.10.3Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Rittmannite42.11.3.4{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)42.11.3.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whiteite-(MnFeMg)42.11.3.2{(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whitmoreite42.11.20.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Xanthoxenite42.11.15.1Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tinticite ?42.12.4.1Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Matulaite42.13.3.1(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Diadochite43.5.2.1Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Brannockite (TL)63.2.1a.1(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Lithiomarsturite (TL)65.4.1.7LiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Holmquistite66.1.2.9☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Swinefordite (TL)71.3.1a.5Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Eakerite (TL)72.1.5.1Ca2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite ?72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Zeolite group - related species
Bikitaite77.2.1.1LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Aniyunwiyaite (TL)-Ca3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fanfaniite (TL)-Ca4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Ferraioloite (TL)-MgMn2+4(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Footemineite (TL)-Ca2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kastningite-(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kayrobertsonite (TL)-[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
'Lepidolite'-
Nizamoffite-Mn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
Santabarbaraite-Fe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Steinmetzite-Zn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
Titanite
var: Stanniferous Titanite
-Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Whiteite-(CaMnMn)-{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
H EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
H FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Kayrobertsonite[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
H KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
H MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H NizamoffiteMn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
H NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SantabarbaraiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
H ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H SteinmetziteZn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
H Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
H TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
H UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
H XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Brannockite(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Li LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li LithiophosphateLi3PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Be UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O Brannockite(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
O EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
O FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Kayrobertsonite[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
O KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O LithiophosphateLi3PO4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
O MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O NizamoffiteMn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
O NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SantabarbaraiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
O ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Titanite (var: Stanniferous Titanite)Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O SteinmetziteZn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
O Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
O TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
O UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
O XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
O ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
F SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Mg Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Al FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Kayrobertsonite[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
Al KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Brannockite(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Titanite (var: Stanniferous Titanite)Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
P FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Kayrobertsonite[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
P KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P LithiophosphateLi3PO4
P MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
P MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
P NizamoffiteMn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
P NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
P ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
P SantabarbaraiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
P ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
P SteinmetziteZn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
P UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Brannockite(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Ca MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Ca ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Titanite (var: Stanniferous Titanite)Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Titanite (var: Stanniferous Titanite)Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn FanfaniiteCa4MnAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Mn FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Mn FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn22+Mn22+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Kayrobertsonite[MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O
Mn KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mn LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn NizamoffiteMn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
Mn NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Mn SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Mn Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Mn Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Whiteite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AniyunwiyaiteCa3Mn2+Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Fe LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Fe MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SantabarbaraiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Fe SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe SteinmetziteZn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn FerraioloiteMgMn42+(Fe2+0.5Al3+0.5)4Zn4(PO4)8(OH)4(H2O)20
Zn NizamoffiteMn2+Zn2(PO4)2(H2O)4
Zn ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SteinmetziteZn2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)·3H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
SnTin
Sn Brannockite(K,Na)□2Li3(Sn,Zr,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2O
Sn Titanite (var: Stanniferous Titanite)Ca(Ti,Sn)SiO5
Sn TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Sn WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
CeCerium
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
251.902 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3190741
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (251.902 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Piedmont

Lithology: Felsic paragneiss; amphibolite grade paragneiss/metavolcanic gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cambrian - Neoproterozoic
485.4 - 1000 Ma



ID: 2913626
Blacksburg Formation

Age: Neoproterozoic to Cambrian (485.4 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Blacksburg Formation

Description: Sericite schist, locally with graphite, phyllite with sericite quartzite, banded marble, amphibolite, and minor calc-silicate rock.

Comments: Original map source: The North Carolina Dept. of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Land Resources, NC Geological Survey, in cooperation with the NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, 1998 (updated 2007), Geology - North Carolina (1:250,000)

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor:{phyllite,quartzite,marble,amphibolite}, Incidental:{calc silicate rock}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kesler, T.L. (1942) The tin-spodumene belt of the Carolinas. United States Geological Survey Bulletin 936-J: 245-268.
Griffitts, W.R. (1954) Beryllium Resources of the Tin-Spodumene Belt, North Carolina. United States Geological Survey Circular 309.
Brannock, K.C. (1967) Rocks and Minerals, 42 (June), 403-406.
White Jr., J.S. (1969) A lithiophosphate occurrence in North Carolina. American Mineralogist, 54(10), 1467-1469.
Leavens, P.B., White, J.S., and Hey, M.H. (1970) Eakerite-- a New Tin Silicate. The Mineralogical Record, 1(3), 92-96.
White, J.S. and Nelen, J.A. (1973) Tetrawickmanite, Tetragonal MnSn(OH)6 A New Mineral From North Carolina, and the Stottite Group. The Mineralogical Record, 4(1), 24-30.
White, J.S., Arem, J.E., Nelen, J.A., Leavens, P.B., and Thomssen, R.W. (1973) Brannockite, a new tin mineral. The Mineralogical Record, 4(2), 73-76.
Rocks and Minerals (1975) (November-December).
Thomssen, R.W. and Anthony, J.W. (1977) Lithiophilite crystals from the Foote mine. The Mineralogical Record, 8(2), 95-97.
Rocks and Minerals (1978) (July-August).
Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., White, J.S. and Ramik, R.A. (1979) Kingsmountite, a new mineral isostructural with montgomeryite. Canadian Mineralogist, 17(3), 579-582.
Wilson, W.F. and McKenzie, B.J. (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: 50.
White, J.S. (1981) Mineralogy of the Foote Mine, Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48.
Kunasz, I.A. (1982) Foote Mineral Company, Kings Mountain Operation, in Cerny, P.(Editor): Short Course.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., and Simmons, W.B. (1984) Earlshannonite, the Mn analogue of whitmoreite, from North Carolina. Canadian Mineralogist, 22(3), 471-474.
Rocks & Minerals (1985) 60, 65, 76-83.
White, J.S. and Nelen, J.A. (1987) Monazite and Calcioancylite from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record, 18(3), 203-205.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., White Jr., J.S., Grice, J.D., and Chi, P.H. (1990) Lithiomarsturite, a new member of the pyroxenoid group, from North Carolina. American Mineralogist, 75(4), 409-414.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 68.
Anderson, A.J. et al. (1994) Zabuyelite in spodumene-bearing pegmatites. Geological Association of Canada - Mineralogical Association of Canada (GAC-MAC) Program Abstracts, 19, A3.
White, J.S. (1994) Saddle-Shaped Rhodochrosite Crystals from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record, 25(2), 131.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Biadh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume 4, Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona: 591.
Freed, H. (2000) Forgotten Emeralds? The Mineralogical Record, 31(6), 518.
Bernard, Jan H. and Hyrsl, Jaroslav (2004) Minerals and Their Localities: 67, 85, 106, 190, 198, 357, 376, 395, 567, 658.
Atencio, D., Matioli, P.A., Smith, J.B., Chukanov, N.V., Coutinho, J.M.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., and Möckel, S. (2008) Footemineite, the Mn-analog of atencioite, from the Foote mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland County, North Carolina, U.S.A., and its relationship with other roscherite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 93, 1-6.
Hogan, Davison L., Tabor, Beth M., Harper, John R., North, Brandon K., Vanhazebroeck, Ethan, Lawler, Jesse D., Saenger, Abigail L., Tayor, Nicholas J., Fleisher, Christopher J., and Swanson, Samuel E. (2012) Comparison of Mineralogy of Li Pegmatites In The Kings Mountain District, North Carolina. Geological Society of America.
Saenger, Abigail L. and Swanson, Samuel E. (2012) Mineralogy of Primary Phosphate Minerals in Li Pegmatites of the Kings Mountain District, North Carolina. The Geological Society of America.
Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., MacRae, C.M., Smith, J.B., and Keck, E. (2016) Kayrobertsonite, MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2·6H2O, a new phosphate mineral related to nordgauite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 649-654.

External Links

https://books.google.ca/books?id=RacPAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA239#v=onepage&q&f=false (Kesler, T.L. (1942))

rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/altaite.pdf

rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/holmquistite.pdf


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