Foote Lithium Co. Mine (Foote Mine), Kings Mountain District, Cleveland Co., North Carolina, USA
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||35° 12' 39'' North , 81° 21' 20'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||35.21111,-81.35556|
A former opencast Li-Sn-Be-Nb-Ta-mica-stone (crushed/broken) occurrence/mine. Started about 1938 and owned by the Foote Mineral Co. The Foote Mine has been closed to collecting for many years and most of the dumps and workings have been reclaimed.
Mineralization is a lithia-bearing granite pegmatite (quartz-microcline-spodumene pegmatite), hosted in the Cherryville Quartz Monzonite, schist and amphibolite. Famous for a variety of rare phosphates and silicates.
Local structures include the Kings Mountain Belt.
155 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Cambrian - Neoproterozoic|
485.4 - 1000 Ma
Stratigraphic Name: Blacksburg Formation
Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. 
Griffitts, W.R. (1954) Beryllium Resources of the Tin-Spodumene Belt, North Carolina, USGS Circular 309.
Brannock, K.C. (1967) Rocks and Minerals: 42 (June): 403-406.
White Jr., J.S. (1969) A lithiophosphate occurrence in North Carolina. American Mineralogist: 54(10): 1467-1469.
Leavens, P.B., White, J.S., Hey, M.H. (1970) Eakerite-- a New Tin Silicate. The Mineralogical Record: 1(3): 92-96.
White, J.S., Nelen, J.A. (1973) Tetrawickmanite, Tetragonal MnSn(OH)6 A New Mineral From North Carolina, and the Stottite Group. The Mineralogical Record: 4(1): 24-30.
White, J.S., Arem, J.E., Nelen, J.A., Leavens, P.B., Thomssen, R.W. (1973) Brannockite, a new tin mineral. The Mineralogical Record: 4(2): 73-76.
Rocks and Minerals (1975) (November-December).
Thomssen, R.W., Anthony, J.W. (1977) Lithiophilite crystals from the Foote mine. The Mineralogical Record: 8(2): 95-97.
Rocks and Minerals (1978) (July-August).
Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., White, J.S. Ramik, R.A. (1979) Kingsmountite, a new mineral isostructural with montgomeryite. Canadian Mineralogist: 17(3): 579-582.
Wilson, W.F. and McKenzie, B.J. (1980) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: 50.
White, J.S. (1981) Mineralogy of the Foote Mine, Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48.
Kunasz, I.A. (1982) Foote Mineral Company, Kings Mountain Operation, in: Cerny. P.(Editor): Short Course.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B. (1984) Earlshannonite, the Mn analogue of whitmoreite, from North Carolina. Canadian Mineralogist: 22(3): 471-474.
Rocks & Minerals (1985) 60: 65, 76-83.
White, J.S., Nelen, J.A. (1987) Monazite and Calcioancylite from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record: 18(3): 203-205.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., White Jr., J.S., Grice, J.D., Chi, P.H. (1990) Lithiomarsturite, a new member of the pyroxenoid group, from North Carolina. American Mineralogist: 75(4): 409-414.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, 68.
Anderson, A. J., et al. (1994) Zabuyelite in spodumene-bearing pegmatites, GAC-MAC Program Abstracts: 19: A3.
White, J.S. (1994) Saddle-Shaped Rhodochrosite Crystals from the Foote Mine, North Carolina. The Mineralogical Record: 25(2): 131.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Biadh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume 4, Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona: 591.
Freed, H. (2000) Forgotten Emeralds? The Mineralogical Record: 31(6): 518.
Bernard, Jan H. and Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and Their Localities: 67, 85, 106, 190, 198, 357, 376, 395, 567, 658.
Atencio, D., Matioli, P.A., Smith, J.B., Chukanov, N.V., Coutinho, J.M.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möckel, S. (2008) Footemineite, the Mn-analog of atencioite, from the Foote mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland County, North Carolina, U.S.A., and its relationship with other roscherite-group minerals. American Mineralogist: 93: 1-6.
Hogan, Davison L., Tabor, Beth M., Harper, John R., North, Brandon K.,Vanhazebroeck, Ethan, Lawler, Jesse D., Saenger, Abigail L., Tayor, Nicholas J., Fleisher, Christopher J. and Swanson, Samuel E (2012) Comparison of Mineralogy of Li Pegmatites In The Kings Mountain District, North Carolina, Geological Society of America.
Saenger, Abigail L. and Swanson, Samuel E. (2012) Mineralogy of Primary Phosphate Minerals in Li Pegmatites of the Kings Mountain District, North Carolina; The Geological Society of America.
Mills, S.J., Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., MacRae, C.M., Smith, J.B., Keck, E. (2016) Kayrobertsonite, MnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2·6H2O, a new phosphate mineral related to nordgauite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 649-654.