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Langsæv Mine, Steinsås, Barbudalen, Arendal Iron Mines, Arendal, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Langsæv MineMine
Steinsås- not defined -
BarbudalenValley
Arendal Iron MinesGroup of Mines
ArendalMunicipality
Aust-AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 28' 19'' North , 8° 45' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Arendal30,916 (2017)1.4km
Rykene647 (2013)10.0km
Fevik4,989 (2014)11.6km
Grimstad9,561 (2017)17.6km
Tvedestrand1,975 (2016)19.4km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Langsev; Langseo; Lansev; Steinsås gruve
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Langsæv gruve (Steinsås gruve), Steinsås, Barbudalen, Arendal jerngruver, Arendal, Aust-Agder, Norge


One of the oldest Fe mines in Arendal.
Located on a hillside with surrounding houses. The shaft opening is about 50m long and 15-20m wide. The length and depth of the mine are uncertain, but measured from the map it spans about 130m in length and 40-45m down to a wooden door at the hill-face. The door is easily spotted since it is located right beside one of the leading roads into Arendal. Up until recent times, the mine was filled with garbage, but several years ago large amounts of garbage were removed. There is a lot of evidence regarding the mining operations that went on, many openings have been walled in and dikes are present.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


23 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Description: Holm (1824) mentions "Straalstein" from Langsev
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet,Stockholm collection # 18230164
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet,Stockholm collection # 19060743
'Apatite var: Moroxite'
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Vogt, Th. (1908): Schwerspat aus norwegischer Vorkommen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 1: 3-54
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Chabazite'
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Listed as augite.
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: First mention by (Schumacher (1801) as Sahlite
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164; Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralologie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Listed by Scheerer (1845) as pistazit (thallit)
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet,Stockholm collection # 18430021
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Description: Listed as Kolophonite (colophonite), probably andradite-grossular series
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Description: Half the crystal analyzed contained calcian heulandite-K (Nordrum et al 2003)
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. ; Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 51-62
Heulandite-K
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Description: In crystals of heulandite (half the crystal analyzed contained calcian heulandite-K , Nordrum et al 2003)
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. ; Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 51-62
'Hornblende'
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Description: Probably analcime
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Montmorillonite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: May be kaolinite. Described as steinmark by Weibye (1848)
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralologie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Bugge, J.A.W. (1954): Minerals from the skarn iron ore deposits at Arendal, Norway. 11. The zeolites. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskapers Selskab Skrifer 1954, 3, 1-18
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Bugge, J.A.W. (1954): Minerals from the skarn iron ore deposits at Arendal, Norway. 11. The zeolites. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskapers Selskab Skrifer 1954, 3, 1-18.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
'Scapolite'
Colour: red
Reference: Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Bugge, J.A.W. (1954): Minerals from the skarn iron ore deposits at Arendal, Norway. 11. The zeolites. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskapers Selskab Skrifer 1954, 3, 1-18
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: The altered zircon described by Breithaupt (1825) as ostranite was used on a zircon from Arendal, probably Langsev mine.
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1825): Der Ostranit, eine neue Species des Mineralreichs. Annalen der Physik und Chemie 5 :377-384 (+ figs 8-9 on Plate X); Scheerer, Th. (1845): Geognostik-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben 4: 126-164;

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Heulandite-K9.GE.05(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Leucite ?9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Montmorillonite ?9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Moroxite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Pumpellyite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite ?71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite ?76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Moroxite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Heulandite-K-(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Pumpellyite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
CaCalcium
Ca Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schumacher, C.F. (1801) Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen, 172 pp.
Holm, C. (1824) Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115.
Scheerer, T. (1845) Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer samlede paa en Reise sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben, 4, 126-164.
Kjerulf, T. and Dahll, T. (1861) Om jernertsenes forekomst ved Arendal, Næs og Kragerø. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 11, 293-359.
Nordrum, F.S., Larsen, A.O., and Erambert, M. (2003) Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway - a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 25, 51-62 [with analysis of heulandite].

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