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Samuel Mine, Underberget Mining Field, Kongsberg silver mining district, Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Samuel MineMine
Underberget Mining FieldMining Field
Kongsberg silver mining districtMining District
KongsbergMunicipality
BuskerudCounty
NorwayCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 39' 27'' North , 9° 36' 49'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kongsberg17,667 (2017)2.4km
Hillestad302 (2010)8.8km
Svene296 (2013)15.2km
Notodden8,306 (2018)22.8km
Hjuksevelta350 (2014)23.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Samuel gruve, Underberget gruvefelt


One of the larger mines, deepest shaft going to 665 m. The Underberg Adit (Underbergstollen) have its southern end inside this mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. ; Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Larsen,A.O.(1980):Fluorapofyllitt og hydroksyapofyllitt" NAGS-nytt 7(2),36-37
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Moen, K. (1967): Kongsberg Sølvverk 1623-1957. Universitetsforlaget. 482p
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p 108

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
OOxygen
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O BaryteBaSO4
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
SiSilicon
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3130792
Proterozoic I quartzite

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{mica schist,marble,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Malmdatabasen. Forekomstområde 604 - 027. Samuel gruve.


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