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Czar Mine (Czar shaft), Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine), Queen Hill, Bisbee, Warren Mining District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Czar Mine (Czar shaft)Mine
Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)Mine
Queen HillHill
Bisbee- not defined -
Warren Mining DistrictMining District
Mule MtsMountain Range
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 26' 30'' North , 109° 54' 33'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bisbee5,208 (2017)1.9km
Naco1,046 (2011)12.4km
Naco6,064 (2018)13.3km
Palominas212 (2011)21.0km
Miracle Valley644 (2011)24.2km


A former large output underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn mine located in the South-central sec. 9, T23S, R24E (Bisbee 7.5 minute topo map), approximately 1½ miles NW of Lowell, on private land. A major shaft of the Copper Queen Mine workings. Owned by the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is mainly oxidized copper ores with some areas of zinc and lead ore in irregular replacement bodies in Devonian Martin and Lower Mississippian Escabrosa limestones that have been shattered and crushed by faulting and fracturing and altered and intruded by porphyry dikes and sills. Ore control was nearby dikes and sills, and faulting and associated brecciation. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration was gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. An associated rock unit is the Sacramento Hill Stock.

Local structures include common pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings include underground openings comprised of a deep shaft to 134.11 meters deep. This shaft has 4 levels that connect to the other shafts. A major producer in its early history. Tonnages are included in Phelps Dodge totals.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Van King
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, Am.Min.: 34: 181-187; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12(5): 256-319.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kevin Conroy Collection
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Van King
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Van King
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Habit: Small, radiating aggregates of slender crystals
Reference: Ransome, F.L. (1904) The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110.; Palache, C. and Merwin, H.E. (1909) On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, AZ, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 28: 537-540.; Ford, W.E. & W.M. Beadley (1915) On the identity of footeite with connellite together with the description of two occurrences of the mineral, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 39: 570-676; Holden, E.F. (1922) Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, Am. Min.: 7: 80-83.; Holden, E.F. (1924) "Ceruleofibrite" is connellite. American Mineralogist: 9: 55-56 (referring to Palache and Merwin (1909)). Frondel, C. (1941) Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, Am. Min.: 26: 567-672.; Galbraith, F.W. and, Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of AZ: 65.; Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183.; Dana 7: II:573.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Van King; Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500: 119.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, Am.Min.: 34: 181-187; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Van King
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046247, MRDS ID #M241116.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 12:311
Silver
Formula: Ag
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Description: Spots to 1/8 inch diameter in cuprite-azurite matrix.
Reference: Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, Am.Min.: 34: 181-187; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65; Dana 7:II:573.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Van King

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
MgMagnesium
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ransome, F.L. (1904a) The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona. USGS Professional Paper 21: 110.
Palache, C. and H.E. Merwin (1909) On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, Arizona. American Journal of Science: 28: 537-540.
Ford, W.E. and Bradley, W.M. (1915) On the identity of footeite with connellite together with the description of two occurrences of the mineral. American Journal of Science: 39: 570-676.
Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, and Feuchere (1917) Geology of the Warren mining district: A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 55: 324, 328, 336-337.
Holden, E.F. (1922) Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 7: 80-83.
Holden, E.F. (1924) Ceruleofibrite is connellite. American Mineralogist: 9: 55-56.
Frondel, C. (1941) Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper. American Mineralogist: 26: 567-672.
Frondel, C. (1949) Crystallography of spangolite. American Mineralogist: 34: 181-187.
Bannister, F.A., Hey, M.H., and Claringbull, G.F. (1950) Connellite, buttgenbachite, and tallingite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 29, n° 211, 280-286 (referring to Ford and Bradley (1915)).
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 573.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 65.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 86 (Table 4).
Graeme, R. (1981) Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 12: 256-319.
Niemuth, N.J. and Phillips, K.A. (1992) Copper Oxide Resources. Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 4 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148, 183.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046247, MRDS ID #M241116; and, Dep. ID #10112426, MAS ID #0040030594.

USGS MRDS Record:10046247
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