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Lavender Open Pit Mine (Lavender pit), Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

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Key
Lock Map
Locality type:Mine


A former large output surface Cu-Au-Ag-Zn-Gemstone mine located in the SW¼ sec 10, NW¼NW¼ sec. 15, T.23S., R.24E. Bisbee 7.5 minute topo map), NW edge of Lowell, on private land. Produced 1954-1974. Owned by the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is a porphyry copper deposit with a blanket ore body of low grade disseminated chalcocite with local spots of other copper and zinc sulfides in a blanket deposit in a brecciated intrusive porphyry plug adjoining altered Paleozoic limestones along the Dividend fault. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. An associated rock unit is the Sacramento Hill Stock. Low-grade copper ores. The turquoise was a hard, deep blue, sometimes found in a matrix of hard red mineral (cuprite?).

Local structures include pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W. The Dividend Fault "horsetails", its strike is N20E and it dips S70. Displacement along the fault is about 500 feet. This fault Separates the Sacramento/Lavender pit and the extension to the east (Cochise project).

Workings are a huge open pit 914.4 meters long (1,219.2 meters overall length) by 457.2 meters wide and over 750 feet deep (more than 15, 50 foot high benches). Some 75 million tons of ore were produced from 1954 to 1970.

The current highway follows the Dividend Fault. Large bulk mineable, low-grade porphyry copper ore. There is substantial supergene groundwater enrichment at the base of the leach cap. There is a substantial reserve of Cu ore. The chalcocite blanket was nearly mined out but recent exploration (1989-1991) has identified several high-grade polymetallic targets in the Mississippian limestone. Future open pit mining would use electro-winning solution leach processing methods.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
'Biotite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4).
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record Vol 12 No.5 pp298]
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 160.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Van King
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Principal ore mineral as an enrichment blanket.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Bryant, D.G. & H.E. Metz (1966), Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 191, 197-199..
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: Octahedral
Colour: Dark red
Fluorescence: None
Description: A major ore mineral here. Large masses in crystallized marble with malachite alterations. Also as lustrous crystals in cavities and crystals coated with, and altering to, malachite.
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.; The Rocksmiths
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.; The Rocksmiths
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour: White
Description: Dense, earthy material cementing massive pyrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 203.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Description: Occurs along the Dividend fault.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 220; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Liroconite
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 5.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of cuprite, especially cuprite crystals in cavities.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 12:310]
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 203.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Description: Occurs commonly in the Sacramento stock.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4).
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Occurs in cavities left by leaching of galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Colour: Brown
Description: Warty crusts enclosing corroded pyritic grains, especially in intensely pyritized areas.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 388.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as large, rich masses.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Liroconite8.DF.20Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Biotite-
Chlorite Group-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Liroconite42.2.1.1Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SulphurS8
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2847794
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 74.
Bryant, D.G. and Metz, H.E. (1966) Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors) Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America. University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 191, 197-199.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 187: 88 (Table 4).
Blair, Gerry (1992) The Rockhound's Guide to Arizona. Helena, MT, Falcon Press.
Niemuth, N.J. and Phillips, K.A. (1992) Copper Oxide Resources. Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Resources Open File Report 92-10: 5 (Table 1).
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited. Mineralogical Record, 24, 421-436.
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 160, 162, 203, 220, 245, 344, 386, 388.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005) Porphyry Copper Deposits of the World: Database, Map, and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 05-1060.
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 5.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046238, MRDS ID #M241102; and, Dep. ID #10137191, MAS ID #0040030044.


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