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Defiance Mine, Costello Mine group (Costello claims), Gleeson, Turquoise Mining District (Courtland-Gleeson Mining District), Dragoon Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Defiance MineMine
Costello Mine group (Costello claims)- not defined -
Gleeson- not defined -
Turquoise Mining District (Courtland-Gleeson Mining District)Mining District
Dragoon MtsMountain Range
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 44' 35'' North , 109° 49' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Elfrida459 (2011)14.4km
McNeal238 (2011)21.4km
Sunizona281 (2011)22.2km
Tombstone1,312 (2017)23.3km
Bisbee5,208 (2017)34.3km


A former small underground Pb-Zn-Ag-Cu-Au-V mine located in the North-central sec. 32, T.19S., R.25E., immediately west of the Silver Bill Mine, on a southwest slope of Gleeson Ridge. Produced 1900-1958. Owned by the Giacoma Brothers.

Mineralization is a replacement deposit of oxidized ore, associated with abundant limonite, that occurred as scattered, oxidized replacement orebodies along prominent fault fissures in Pennsylvanian-Permian Naco Group limestone near the contact with intrusive quartz monzonite. Ore control was faults and fractures in limestone and also along a dike perpendicular to bedding.

In the marble, 50 to 60 feet north of its fault contact, there were found two fissures with abundant gouge, striking N.85ºE. and dipping 55º to 60ºN. Along them were replacement bodies about 5 feet wide, chiefly of limonitic material which in places contain chlorargyrite together with low percentages of lead and zinc.

Here metamorphosed impure Permian (?) limestone dipping 40º eastward is separated from marble on the north by a fault that strikes N.80ºE. and dips 55º to 60º northward. This fault is of the same general east-west system as the boundary faults within the Mystery and Silver Bill Mines. In the Defiance workings it intersects a fault that strikes northwestward and dips 60ºNE, flattening upward.

Associated rock units include the Sugarloaf Quartz Latite Porphyry, the Gleeson Quartz Monzonite and the Copper Bell Quartz Monzonite Porphyry.

Local structures include limestone near a quartz monzonite contact; brecciated fault zones, the N- to NNW-trending Gleeson Ridge Overthrust and, bedding plane faults.

Workings include an adit level with some 440 feet of drifts and 2 winzes, each 100 feet deep. Sporadic production of 10,000, or more, tons of ore occurred from the early 1900's to 1958.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 19.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: X ray and XRF by John Attard. In the collection of Robert Bartsch.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Description: Mixed with sauconite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill Mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 19.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Robert Bartsch field collected specimen; PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, August 2016 (dark brown botryoidal specimen originally mislabelled "Psilomelane" in the Bartsch collection).
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Plumbojarosite ?
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Almost red.
Description: Visual identification only. Occurs with cerussite and wulfenite.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Mixed with fraipontite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill Mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; , 425; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; MinRec .:21:98, 24:45, 24:47, 3:198-199; Rocks & Min.:65:24.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite ?7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite ?30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
O PlattneritePbO2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 40.
Wilson, E.D. (1927) Geology and ore deposits of the Courtland-Gleeson region, Arizona: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 123, 79 p.: 75-76.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 19.
Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 81 (Table 4).
Thompson, J.R. (1980), The Defiance mine and vicinity, Cochise County. Mineralogical Record: 11: 203-209.
Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill Mines, Gleeson, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 14: 131-132.
Rocks & Minerals (1988): 63: 329.
Mineralogical Record (1990): 21: 98.
Rocks & Minerals (1990): 65: 24.
Blair, Gerry (1992), The Rockhound's Guide to Arizona: Helena, MT, Falcon Press.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 123, 331, 361, 420, 425.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027116, MRDS ID #M002139; and, Dep. ID #10185887, MAS ID #0040030598.

USGS MRDS Record:10027116
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